M-22 (Michigan highway)

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M-22 marker

M-22
M-22 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MDOT
Length: 116.651 mi[2] (187.732 km)
Existed: c. July 1, 1919[1] – present
Tourist
routes:
Lake Michigan Circle Tour
Leelanau Scenic Heritage Route
Major junctions
South end: US 31 near Manistee
 

M‑115 at Frankfort
M‑72 at Empire
M‑204 near Lake Leelanau
M‑201 at Northport
M‑204 at Suttons Bay

M‑72 in Greilickville
North end: US 31 / M‑37 / M‑72 in Traverse City
Location
Counties: Manistee, Benzie, Leelanau, Grand Traverse
Highway system
M-21A US 23

M-22 is a state trunkline highway in the US state of Michigan. It is 116.651 miles (187.732 km) long and follows the Lake Michigan shoreline of the Leelanau Peninsula, making up a portion of the Lake Michigan Circle Tour. It also passes through the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. The highway is U-shaped as it rounds the peninsula running through tourist areas in Leland and Suttons Bay in addition to the national park.

M-22 is an original trunkline designation dating back to the 1919 designation of the system. Reroutings have moved the highway closer to the water between Suttons Bay and Traverse City. A section of the highway used temporarily even was used for another highway, M-109. The highway was also named a Michigan Heritage Route. The route marker shield is used in marketing by a local business as a symbol of the region.

Route description[edit]

Marker at Good Harbor, south of Leland

The southern terminus is 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of Manistee and the northern terminus is in Traverse City. In between the trunkline loops north along Lake Michigan to Northport before turning south along the West Arm of Grand Traverse Bay. The road itself comprises numerous turns and hills, making it a very popular drive for tourists visiting the area from areas such as Chicago and Detroit, especially during autumn. The road runs north to the village of Onekama running east and north of Portage Lake before returning north to Arcadia. M-22 turns northeasterly to curve around the north shore of Crystal Lake after passing through Elberta and Frankfort. South of the Platte River, the highway crosses into the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. East of Platte Lake, M-22 turns northward again toward Empire, headquarters of the national park. M-22 takes the inland route between Little and Big Glen lakes, losing the Lake Michigan Circle Tour designation to M-109 until the two meet again in Glen Arbor. The roadway follows the shoreline of Pyramid Point and passes east out of the national park before turning north to Leland.[3]

Looking south at its northern terminus in Traverse City

Leland is home to Fishtown, and the ferries to the Manitou Islands off the coast of the Leelanau Peninsula. Continuing northward, M-22 reaches its northernmost extent in Northport before turning south. It passes through the reservation of the Grand Traverse Band of Chippewa and Ottawa Indians in Peshawbestown, home to one of the tribe's two casinos. Further south is the community of Suttons Bay located on the small bay of the same name. From here south, the highway runs just off the shore of the Grand Traverse Bay south to Greilickville. Just south of Greilickville, M-22 enters a section of the city of Traverse City that's located in Leelanau County, Michigan formed by an acquisition of a neighborhood of Greilickville. Here is the eastern junction between M-22 and M-72. The two highways run concurrently along Grandview Parkway to Division Street. There they meet US 31/M-37 and M-22 ends.[3] A portion of this road has been designated a scenic heritage route by the state of Michigan.[4]

Cultural references[edit]

Broneah Kiteboarding, a company based in Traverse City, has adopted the M-22 marker as a logo and sells merchandise such as clothing and bumper stickers featuring it.[5] As such, the logo has become a popular symbol for the company as well as a cultural symbol for the western Grand Traverse Bay area.[6]

History[edit]

M-22 is an original trunkline, dating to the July 1, 1919 designation of the system.[1] In 1929, the highway was rerouted along the west side of Little Glen Lake, using the modern M-109 around the lake.[7] M-22 would be rerouted back around to the present routing the next year, and M-109 was designated on the west side of the lake in its place.[8]

Until 1936, M-22's route was on Cherry Bend and Center roads in Leelanau County to Suttons Bay. At that time, M-22 was relocated along the west arm of Grand Traverse Bay onto Center Road up to Crain Hill Road[9][10] In 1949, M-22 was relocated the rest of the way to Suttons Bay, and the former M-22 on Cherry Bend and Center roads became County Road 633.[11][12] and in 1945, the last gravel stretch of M-22 from Leland to Northport was paved.[13]

In Traverse City, M-22 originally started at Front and Union streets going west on Front to Elmwood, turning north onto Elmwood, then west on Bay Street to Greilickville. It was relocated onto the newly built Grand View Parkway in 1952, from Greilickville to Division Street (relocated US 31).[14]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[2][15] km Destinations Notes
Manistee Manistee Township 0.000 0.000 US 31 south / LMCT – Manistee, Traverse City Southern end of LMCT concurrency
Benzie Elberta 27.793 44.728 Frankfort Avenue Eastern terminus of the former M-168
Frankfort 20.006 32.197 M‑115 east Western terminus of M-115
Leelanau Empire 51.849 83.443 M‑72 east – Traverse City Western terminus of M-72
Empire Township 53.911 86.761 M‑109 north – Glen Haven Southern terminus of M-109
Glen Arbor 59.576 95.878 M‑109 west – Glen Haven Eastern terminus of M-109
Leland Township 76.021 122.344 M‑204 east – Lake Leelanau Western terminus of M-204
Northport 89.283 143.687 M‑201 north Southern terminus of M-201
Suttons Bay 100.765 162.166 M‑204 west – Lake Leelanau Eastern terminus of M-204
Traverse City 116.071 186.798 M‑72 west – Empire Northern end of M-72 concurrency
Grand Traverse 116.651 187.732 US 31 / M‑37 / M‑72 east / LMCT north Southern end of M-72 concurrency; northern end of LMCT concurrency
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1919). State of Michigan: Lower Peninsula (Map). Cartography by MSHD.
  2. ^ a b Michigan Department of Transportation (2009). Control Section/Physical Reference Atlas (Map). http://mdotwas1.mdot.state.mi.us/public/maps/pr/. Retrieved July 26, 2009.
  3. ^ a b Michigan Department of Transportation (2008). Official 2008 Department of Transportation Map (Map). 1 in:15 mi / 1 cm:9 km.
  4. ^ Staff (November 8, 2007). "Scenic Heritage Routes". Michigan Heritage Routes. Michigan Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on December 9, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2008. 
  5. ^ Staff (2008). "Shop M-22". M-22 LLC. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  6. ^ Mccray, Vanessa (June 7, 2012). "Attorney General Opinion: Anyone May Use Route Marker". Traverse City Record-Eagle. OCLC 30098364. Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  7. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1929). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha.
  8. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (January 1, 1930). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha.
  9. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (June 1, 1936). Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally.
  10. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1936/7). Official Highway Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally (Winter ed.).
  11. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1949). Official Highway Map (Map).
  12. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (April 15, 1950). Official Highway Map (Map).
  13. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1945). Official Highway Map (Map).
  14. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (April 1, 1952). Official Highway Map (Map).
  15. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation (2009). MDOT Physical Reference Finder Application (Map). Cartography by Michigan Center for Geographic Information. http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/prfinder/. Retrieved April 9, 2010.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing