MBTA Bus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
MBTA Bus
MBTA 47 bus leaving Ruggles.jpg
A NABI 40LFW bus leaving Ruggles station on Route 47
Parent Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Founded 1964 (predecessors date to 1856)
Locale Greater Boston
Service area Boston and immediate suburbs
Service type Local, limited stop, express, and Silver Line BRT
Routes 178[1]
Fleet 1,052[1]
Daily ridership 387,815 (2013)[2]
Fuel type Diesel, CNG, Electric-Trolleybus, Diesel-Electric Hybrid
Operator MBTA; private operators
Website mbta.com
Geographic map of all MBTA Bus services, including private carrier routes

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority operates 178 bus routes (list of routes) in the Greater Boston area, many of which are were formerly part of a large streetcar system. Some routes are for local transport within the city; others bring passengers from surrounding areas to stops on the MBTA Commuter Rail or subway lines. The MBTA has a policy objective to provide transit service within walking distance (defined as 0.25 miles (0.40 km)) for all residents living in areas with population densities greater than 5,000 inhabitants per square mile (1,900/km2) within the MBTA service. Much of this service is provided by bus.

The MBTA operates a four-route bus rapid transit service branded as the Silver Line, as well as three crosstown routes that were intended to become the first part of the now-cancelled Urban Ring. Fifteen routes designed as key routes run with high frequency at all times, including extended service on Friday and Saturday nights.

Most MBTA Bus service is operated by diesel, compressed natural gas, and diesel-electric hybrid buses. Silver Line routes running in the Waterfront Tunnel use dual-mode buses that operate as trolleybuses in the tunnel and diesel-electric hybrid buses on the surface. Four routes based out of the Harvard Bus Tunnel run with trolleybuses in Cambridge, Massachusetts and several surrounding suburbs.

All buses and routes are wheelchair-accessible (see MBTA accessibility); most of the MBTA's bus fleet consists of low-floor buses with wheelchair ramps, while older high-floor buses have lifts. All buses have orange LED exterior headsigns displaying route and destination, with automated audio/visual stop announcements for passengers.

Active fleet[edit]

This is the current bus roster for the MBTA as of November 5, 2014. All buses are 102 inches wide.[1][3]

Order Year Manufacturer Model Picture Fleet
(Qty.)
Powertrain
(Engine/Transmission)
Propulsion Length (ft.) Notes
1994 TMC RTS T80206 MBTA TMC RTS 0049.jpg 0001-0138
(138)
Diesel 40
  • 29 are active
  • Others have been retired or scrapped
1995 NovaBus MBTA NovaBus RTS -0383.JPG 0139-0400
(262)
  • 69 are active
  • Others have been retired or scrapped
1999 NFI C40LF Mbta6001.JPG 6000-6001
(2)
  • Detroit Diesel Series 50G
    • Allison WB-400R
CNG
  • Buses built to NYC MTA specifications
  • Buses originally had passenger-operated rear doors, but were rewired by the MBTA to have driver-operated ones like the "production" order C40LFs (6002-6016)
  • These buses are currently out of service due to expired CNG tanks. It is unknown if/when they will return to service.
2001 MBTA New Flyer C40LF.jpg 6002-6016
(15)
  • All following "production" order C40LFs feature a modified version of the NYC MTA specifications mentioned above.
  • 6002, 6006, 6008, and 6011 are currently out of service due to engine failures. It is unknown if/when they will return to service.
2003-2004 NABI 40-LFW MBTA NABI 40LFW CNG.jpg 2001-2299
(299)
  • 2034 is permanently out of service due to engine fire damage.
Neoplan
USA
AN460LF MBTA Neoplan AN460LF CNG 1003.jpg 1001-1044
(44)
  • Detroit Diesel Series 60G
    • Allison WB-500R
60
  • #1001-1020 & #1030 wrapped for Silver Line
  • 1042 is permanently out of service due to damage to its articulated joint.
  • 1044 is permanently out of service due to brake fire damage.
2004 AN440LF Trolleybus4120.Harvard.agr.JPG 4101-4128
(28)
Electric trolleybus 40
  • Some were initially wrapped for temporary use on the Silver Line – Waterfront
2004-2005 MBTA 0476.jpg 0401-0593
(193)
Diesel
  • 192 active
  • #0517 wrecked on the Massachusetts Turnpike in 2007
  • #0488 was repowered with a Cummins ISL engine as a test
AN460LF MBTA Silver Line bus 1132.jpg 1101-1132
(32)
  • Detroit Diesel Series 60
    • (diesel-electric drivetrain with no transmission)[3]
  • Skoda
Dual mode 60
  • In Silver Line service
  • #1125-1132 owned by Massport
2006-2007 NFI D40LF NewFlyer 0629.JPG 0600-0754
(155)
  • Cummins ISL
    • Allison WB-400R
Diesel 40
2008 MBTA Bus Route 1.JPG 0755-0909
(155)
2010 DE60LFR MBTA-2010 New Flyer.JPG 1200-1224
(25)
  • Cummins ISL9
    • Allison EP-50 HybriDrive
Hybrid 60
  • #1222-1224 wrapped for Silver Line routes SL4 & SL5
  • #1207 is out of service indefinitely due to a front-end collision in 2012
2014-2015 XDE40 1400-1459
(60)
  • Cummins ISB6.7
    • BAE HybriDrive Series E HDS200
Hybrid 40
  • Buses to be delivered through March 2015.[4]
  • First two buses, 1400 and 1402, entered service on November 5, 2014.[5]

Facilities[edit]

MBTA buses are operated out of the facilities listed below.[1]

Name Address Routes Operation
Albany Street 421 Albany Street, Boston 57, 59, 60, 65, 170, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 553, 554, 556, 558, CT1, CT2, CT3 Weekday rush hours & middays only
Arborway 3600 Washington Street, Jamaica Plain 14, 21, 24, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 34E, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39†, 40, 41, 42, 50, 51, 52 Full-time
Cabot 275 Dorchester Avenue, South Boston 1, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 43, 44, 45, 47, 55, 57*, 59*, 65*, 66, 171, 504*, 554* Full-time
Charlestown 21 Arlington Avenue, Charlestown 62, 64, 67, 68, 69, 70, 70A, 71**, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94*, 95*, 96*, 97*, 99*, 100*, 101, 104, 105*, 106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 132*, 134*, 136*, 137*, 325, 326, 350, 351, 352, 411*, 430* Full-time
Fellsway 465 Salem Avenue, Medford 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 100, 105, 106 (Melrose peak trips only), 131, 132, 134, 136, 137, 354, 411, 430 Weekday rush hours & middays only
Lynn 985 Western Avenue, Lynn 114, 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 424, 426, 428, 429, 431, 434, 435, 436, 439, 441, 442, 448, 449, 450, 451, 455, 456, 459, 465 Full-time
North Cambridge 2375 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge 71, 77A (limited service) Weekdays & Saturdays only
Quincy 954 Hancock Street, Quincy 201, 202, 210, 211, 212, 214, 215, 216, 217, 220, 221, 222, 225, 230, 236, 238, 240, 245, 274‡, 275‡, 276‡, 277‡ Full-time
Southampton 230 Southampton Street, Boston 16(most service from Cabot), 28, 39, Silver Line BRT Full-time

Notes:

  • * = Route during evenings & weekends.
  • ** = Route during Sundays.
  • † = Route during evenings.
  • ‡ = Private Route for Long Island.

Private buses[edit]

A Blue Hill Bus Lines vehicle on the Canton - Mattapan route, now the #716 route, in 1967

Most local bus routes in Massachusetts outside the immediate MBTA operating area are operated by the state's other regional transit authorities (RTAs). However, some routes that connect with MBTA bus or subway service are operated by outside private contractors with partial subsidy by the MBTA. [6]

Five routes - the 710, 712/713, 714, and 716 - are numbered like other MBTA buses; their operators accept MBTA passes on CharlieTickets but do not have CharlieCard readers. The five routes are primarily commuter routes which connect with other MBTA services at their inbound terminals. They were taken over from various private operators (Hudson Bus Lines for the 710 and 716, Rapid Transit Inc. for the 712/713, and Nantasket Transportation for the 714).

Five suburban municipalities contract with outside operators for local circulator routes with partial MBTA subsidy. Bedford, Beverly, and Dedham run single routes; Burlington runs five routes and Lexington runs six. Most are run by private operators, except for the Beverly Shuttle which is part of the Cape Ann Transportation Authority system. Additionally, a nonprofit shuttle is run in Boston's Mission Hill neighborhood. Those 15 routes appear on MBTA system maps and connect with MBTA services at designated transfer points, but are numbered separately and do not accept MBTA passes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "MBTA Vehicle Inventory". NETransit. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics" (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Capital Investment Program FY2008 — FY2012 (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  4. ^ "MASSACHUSETTS BAY TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY EXERCISES AN OPTION FOR 60 XCELSIOR TRANSIT BUSES" (Press release). New Flyer. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Boroyan, Nate (5 November 2014). "The T's New Line of Hybrid Buses Are Equipped with All-Seeing Security Systems... [Update]". BostInno. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Private Bus". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 

External links[edit]