Mal Meninga

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Mal Meninga
Mal Meninga (10 July 2008, Canberra).jpg
Personal information
Full name Malcolm Norman Meninga
Nickname Big Mal, Chicken George
Born (1960-07-08) 8 July 1960 (age 54)
Bundaberg, Queensland, Australia
Playing information
Height 182 cm (6 ft 0 in)
Weight 107 kg (16 st 12 lb)
Position Centre
Club
Years Team Pld T G FG P
1978–85 Souths (Brisbane)
1984–85 St Helens 31 28 8 0 128
1986–94 Canberra Raiders 166 74 283 2 864
Total 197 102 291 2 992
Representative
Years Team Pld T G FG P
1979–94 Queensland 32 6 69 0 161
1982–94 Australia 46 21 96 0 272
Coaching information
Club
Years Team Gms W D L W%
1997–01 Canberra Raiders 125 66 2 57 53
Representative
Years Team Gms W D L W%
2005–14 PM's XIII 8 7 1 0 88
2006–14 Queensland 27 18 0 9 67
Source: NRL Stats, SHS, RLP and Yesterday's Hero

Malcolm Norman "Mal" Meninga AM (/mənˈɪŋɡʌ/; born 8 July 1960) is an Australian professional rugby league football coach currently in charge of the Queensland State of Origin team. A former Australian Test captain, he was a legendary goal-kicking centre, counted amongst the finest footballers of the 20th century. He went on to coach for five seasons in the NRL with the Canberra Raiders and has been coach of Queensland's State of Origin team since 2006.

Meninga broke numerous rugby league records during his playing career. He retired with the most appearances in the history of the Australian national team, and became the top-point scorer ever in State of Origin football. Meninga has since been honoured as a Member of the Order of Australia, has been inducted into the Australian Rugby League Hall of Fame and has also been named at centre in both Queensland's and Australia's rugby league teams of the century.

Mal Meninga is the only player in history to be selected for four Kangaroo Tours. He toured with the Kangaroos in 1982, 1986, 1990 and 1994. He is also the only player to captain two Kangaroo Tours having captained the touring team in both 1990 and 1994. Additionally he is one of five players, along with Wally Lewis, Peter Sterling, Brett Kenny and Gene Miles, who was a member of the undefeated 1982 and 1986 tours, known as "The Invincibles" and "The Unbeatables" respectively. During each of his four Kangaroo tours, Meninga appeared in every test the Kangaroos played against Great Britain and France, while also playing in the pre-tour test matches against Papua New Guinea in 1982 and 1986.

Early life[edit]

Born in Bundaberg, Queensland, Meninga is of Solomon Islander and Vanuatuan descent, a descendant of plantation workers recruited or blackbirded to work in the Queensland sugar industry in the late 19th century. He is also of Scottish ancestry. He is an official spokesperson for the South Sea Islander community.[1] He graduated from Maroochydore State High School. His father, Norman Meninga also played rugby league. Before becoming a full-time professional footballer, Meninga was a police officer at West End Police Station, along with fellow Souths Magpies players Gary Grienke, Phil Veivers, Gary Belcher and Peter Jackson.[citation needed]

Playing career[edit]

Big Mal captained Australia for 23 Test matches between 1990 and 1994,[2] and captained the Queensland State of Origin team for three years from 1992 to 1994. He remains the only player to captain a Kangaroo Tour on two occasions in 1990 and 1994.

I'd watch in awe as Mal pulverised the opposing defensive line with his bone-crunching runs. From the safety of my spot six or seven metres away from the action, I felt grateful that I didn't have to tackle him because his giant thighs were lethal weapons.

Bill Harrigan[3]

Brisbane[edit]

Meninga made his first grade debut in the Brisbane Rugby League premiership at the age of 18 with Souths Magpies. He was selected to play for Brisbane in the 1979 Amco Cup, kicking a goal in the final which was lost to the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks. Also, Meninga was first selected to play centre for Queensland in 1979,[4] and the following year helped his state to win rugby league's first ever State of Origin match against New South Wales at Lang Park, kicking seven goals from seven attempts (Meninga was one of the last players to use the toe-poke kicking style rather than the more accurate around-the-corner style that was starting to take hold). That Origin game was on 8 July 1980, Meninga's 20th birthday. Later that year he played in the Magpies' BRL Premiership grand final loss, scoring a try and kicking 3 goals as the Magpies went down to Norths 17-15. However, in 1981 Meninga again reached the grand final with Souths who defeated the Redcliffe Dolphins 13-9.

In 1982, he was named man-of-the-match in Game 1 of 1982 State of Origin series against New South Wales at Lang Park, and was later selected to make his test debut for Australia in a test against New Zealand at the Sydney Cricket Ground, being the 540th player selected for Australia. Meninga had an unhappy game though, dislocating his elbow in the 28th minute after a crunching blindside tackle from Kiwi winger Dane O'Hara, while at the same time attempting to break a tackle from Kiwi fullback Gary Kemble. He soon recovered and played in the centres for Souths in their 17-3 loss to the Wynnum Manly Seagulls in the BRL Grand Final at Lang Park.

Post season he toured Europe with the undefeated 1982 Kangaroos, playing in all six tests on tour against Papua New Guinea, Great Britain and France. Meninga was the Kangaroos top point scorer on tour, scoring 166 from 10 tries (worth 3 points) and 68 goals, including a personal haul of 19 points (1 try, 8 goals) in the first Ashes series test against Great Britain at Boothferry Park in Hull. He then backed that up with 15 points (1 try, 6 goals) in the second test at Wigan's Central Park, before adding a further 14 points (7 goals) to his Ashes tally in the third test at Headingley in Leeds.[5] The 1982 Kangaroos, the first touring team to go through Great Britain and France undefeated, earned the Frank Stanton coached team the nickname "The Invinvibles". Mal's size, strength, and at that stage of his career his speed (in the early 1980s he was once reportedly timed at 11.9 seconds over 100 metres) saw him wreak havoc with the weaker English club side defences, as well as the Lions test side. According to BBC commentators Ray French and former Great Britain halfback Alex Murphy, the Lions players simply could not handle the 'Man Mountain' Meninga.

Meninga continued his good form in 1983, even though South's missed the BRL Grand Final. He played in Queensland's second straight Origin series win over NSW, while also starring for Australia in the two test series against New Zealand in mid-season.

In 1984 Meninga played a major role in an Oceania team's 54-4 win against an Anglo-French selection in an exhibition match Paris, before returning to Brisbane after the match to continue playing for Souths.[6] After again playing a leading role for Queensland in their third straight Origin series win over NSW, Meninga missed the first Ashes test against the touring Great Britain side, but was recalled to the team for the second and third tests of the series which Australia again won 3-0.

St Helens[edit]

After his displays on the 1982 Kangaroo tour, Meninga was in high demand with English club sides. He became a Saint for the 1984-85 Rugby Football League season when he signed to play for St Helens had paid around £30,000 for his services to play in the Australian off-season[7] and he helped the club to victory in the Rugby League Premiership. He was bought by BBC commentator Ray French while he was in Australia covering the 1984 Great Britain Lions tour. St. Helens rivals Wigan were also after him and had papers ready for him to sign. French had left the St. Helens contract in his hotel room so asked Wigan chairman Maurice Lindsay if he could borrow his; Unbelievably, the normally astute Lindsay foolishly agreed and French crossed out any reference to Wigan and changed it to "St. Helens" instead, so Meninga was signed for Saints. Meninga didn't manage to serve a second spell at Knowsley Road, for a variety of reasons, not least being a succession of injuries (three broken arms suffered in 1987 and 1988 respectively) that also punctuated his career in Australia. Yet he remains a legendary figure in international rugby league, and his season at St Helens has been described as the most significant of any overseas import in Britain.[8]

Canberra[edit]

Meninga joined Souths teammate Gary Belcher at the Canberra Raiders who played in the New South Wales Rugby League premiership. Souths coach Wayne Bennett joined them at the club as co-coach alongside Australian national coach, Don Furner in 1987. Despite suffering a broken arm in a sickening collision with the goal posts in the Raider's Round 10 match with Manly-Warringah at the Raiders then home ground Seiffert Oval and subsequently missing 10 weeks (including Queensland's successful 1987 State of Origin series and the one-off test loss against New Zealand), Meninga returned to play in Canberra's 18-8 loss to Manly in that year's Grand Final at the SCG, the last ever Grand Final to be held at the ground. On an unseasonably warm day, Meninga's lack of match fitness since his return told (he had only played 60 minutes of the Preliminary final win over Eastern Suburbs the week before) and he was finally replaced by Raiders reserve back Kevin Walters midway through the second half. He scored the Raiders first points in their maiden Grand Final appearance with a penalty goal early in the second half to reduce the deficit to 6-2 after eventual Clive Churchill Medal winner Cliff Lyons had scored for the Sea Eagles before half time allowing them to take a 6-0 lead into the break.

A second broken arm before the start of the 1988 NSWRL season saw Meninga missing until Round 15. After just 4 games back for the Raiders, Meninga played for Australia in their record 70-8 win over Papua New Guinea at Wagga Wagga in country NSW, scoring two tries.[9] Unfortunately for Meninga, after one more game for Canberra he then broke his arm for a third time in Australia's 22-10 over a Rest of the World team at the Sydney Football Stadium, putting him out for the rest of the 1988 NSWRL season. Meninga's broken arms saw him play only 17 games for the Raiders in 1987 and 1988. His third also saw him miss a place in Australia's 25-12 win over New Zealand in the 1988 World Cup Final at Eden Park in Auckland.

After being given the Raiders' captaincy, Meninga led Canberra to their first premiership in 1989 after overcoming the Balmain Tigers 19-14 in extra time in the Grand Final, the Raiders becoming not only the first non-Sydney team to win the premiership, but also the first team to win after finishing the minor round in 4th place. In the post season Meninga travelled with the Raiders to England and captained the team in their 30-18 loss to a Martin Offiah inspired Widnes in the 1989 World Club Challenge at Old Trafford. Meninga successfully returned to top level representative football in 1989, playing for Queensland in their State of Origin series whitewash of NSW (though he did suffer an eye socket injury in the second game in Sydney which kept him out of the third), before being selected to the mid-season tour of New Zealand. After playing in the centres for the first two test wins over the Kiwis, Meninga was moved to the second-row for the third test in Auckland with great effect as he scored a try and kicked one goal to add to his 5 goals in the first test and 2 in the second.

At the end of the 1990 NSWRL season Meninga led the Raiders to another Grand final victory against the Penrith Panthers. He was also the year's top try-scorer (getting five in the Round 5 match against Eastern Suburbs) and top-point scorer, and was named as Rugby League Week's player of the year. After gaining the test captaincy that year in the absence of an injured Wally Lewis (also because of a broken arm) for the one-off test against France and the two test series against New Zealand, Meninga was duly named captain of the 1990 Kangaroos.[8] It was his third Kangaroo Tour after being a member of 1982's "Invincibles", as well as being a member of the undefeated 1986 Kangaroos who became known as "The Unbeatables". After the Kangaroos' shock 19-12 loss in the first Ashes test against Great Britain at Wembley Stadium, Australia won the next two tests at Old Trafford and Elland Road to wrap up the series. In the second test at Old Trafford, Meninga scored one of the most famous tries in test history. With only a couple of minutes remaining and the scores locked at 10 all, his Raiders team mate Ricky Stuart raced through a huge gap in the tired Lions defence and sprinted 70 metres upfield. With Lions players converging, Meninga loomed in support and after legally shouldering Lions centre Carl Gibson out of the way, received the pass from Stuart and touched down for a dramatic 14-10 win that silenced most of the 46,615 strong crowd. Mal then went on to score another try in the third and deciding test as Australia won 14-0 and retained The Ashes they had held since 1974. As he also had scored a try at Wembley, Meninga joined legendary Australian winger Ken Irvine (1963), and unlikely try scorer, Queensland and Canberra Prop Sam Backo (1988) as the only Australian's to score a try in each test of an Ashes series. Also in 1990, Meninga's deeds in leading the successful Kangaroo tour saw him named as Britain's BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year, the first rugby league player to win it.

In 1991 Meninga's 20-year-old brother was arrested for the rape and murder of a 19-year-old woman, the following year being sentenced to life in prison, and eventually being released in 2014.[10]

After Canberra's salary cap problems at the end of 1991 which saw them lose a number of fringe players as well as some veterans, the Raiders missed the finals for the first time since 1986 when they finished 12th in 1992. Meninga's form continued though, captaining Queensland in the 1992 State of Origin series (NSW won 2-1) as well as Australia's successful Ashes defence against the touring Great Britain Lions. He was in great form in the first test at the Sydney Football Stadium, scoring 2 tries as Australia won 22-6. The Lions produced a shock in the second test in Melbourne with a big 33-10 win, but the Kangaroos, led by Meninga's 12 points (1 try, 4 goals) won the deciding test at Lang Park 16-10. At the end of the 1992 season, Meninga captained Australia to their 10-6 win over Great Britain in the 1992 World Cup Final in front of a record international test crowd of 73,631 at Wembley Stadium in London.

The Raiders came back strongly in 1993, with their international stars Meninga, Ricky Stuart, Laurie Daley, Bradley Clyde and Steve Walters, as well as try scoring Fijian Noa Nadruku (22 tries for the season) leading the way. Canberra finished third after the minor round, and were premiership favourites until their fateful Round 21 match with the hapless Parramatta Eels at Bruce Stadium. Halfback Ricky Stuart badly broke and dislocated his right ankle in the second half and despite a club record 68-0 win, without their halfback and chief play maker, the Raiders fell apart. They lost their last minor round game to Canterbury-Bankstown 32-8, before meekly going out in straight sets in the finals with losses to eventual Grand Finalists St. George and premiers Brisbane. 1993 wasn't all bad though. Although Queensland lost their second straight State of Origin series under Menginga's captaincy, he did lead Australia to a Trans-Tasman Test series win over New Zealand in mid-season. Meninga though was forced to miss the first test at the Mount Smart Stadium in Auckland as he had been suspended for 2 weeks for the use of an elbow to Manly-Warringah's Welsh import centre John Devereux in the Raiders Round 10 match with the Sea Eagles at Brookvale Oval. After the Australians got away with a lucky 14-All draw in the first test, Meninga returned to the team (which was captained by Laurie Daley in Auckland) for the second test win at Palmerston North on an extremely wet and cold night, as well the third test win at Lang Park.

On Australia Day 1994, Meninga was made a Member of the Order of Australia "for service to rugby league football". Later that year he played his last game for the Canberra Raiders in the 1994 Grand Final where he led his team to victory over Canterbury-Bankstown to their third premiership in six years. Fittingly, Mal scored the last try of the match after taking an intercept and outpacing Bulldogs centre Jarrod McCracken to score beside the posts (amazingly, despite being a noted goal kicker throughout his career, Meninga declined to take what would have been an easy shot at goal and left it to the teams regular kicker David Furner). During 1994, Meninga played his final test on Australian soil when he led the Kangaroos to a record 58-0 win over France in a one-off test at Sydney's Parramatta Stadium in front of an almost packed house of 27,318. He scored a try and kicked 5 goals in his final test for Australia in Australia. Unfortunately for Meninga, in his last State of Origin series for Queensland as both captain and as a player, New South Wales, led by Raiders team mate Laurie Daley, won the series 2-1. The State of Origin series is the only trophy Mal Meninga would not win as a team captain. Meninga captained the Canberra Raiders to the Grand final for a record fifth time in 1994.[8] At the end of the 1994 season, Meninga was selected for his record fourth Kangaroo Tour and his record second as captain when he went on the 1994 Kangaroo tour. Meninga became the only player selected to four Kangaroo tours and the only player to twice be named tour captain. Australia again lost the first test against Great Britain at Wembley Stadium, but changes made to the team by coach Bob Fulton saw the Kangaroos bounce back with a vengeance in the second test at Old Trafford with a 38-8 win. With the scores locked at 4-4 after two penalty goals each, Meninga intercepted a Bobbie Goulding pass only 20 metres from his own line and raced 70 metres downfield, with flying Lions winger Martin Offiah bearing down on him. Just as Offiah tackled him, Meninga gave a perfectly timed pass to winger Andrew Ettingshausen who scored the first of Australia's seven tries that day. After a poor first test, the second saw a welcome return to form for Meninga. The Kangaroos then scored a hard fought 23-4 win in the third test at Elland Road to once again retain The Ashes and keep alive their streak of not having lost a test series in England since the 1959-60 Kangaroo tour. On 4 December 1994, at the Stade de la Méditerranée in Béziers, France, Mal Meninga captained Australia to a record 74–0 victory over a very weak French team, scoring the final try of the game, and of his career. In a test career of 46 games for Australia, Mal Meninga scored a total of 278 points (21 tries, 99 goals). Australia won 40 and only lost 6 of the tests Meninga played. He played in the centres on 40 occasions for Australia, with one game on the wing, two in the second-row, and three from the bench. On his four Kangaroo Tours as a player, Meninga holds the distinction in playing in every test for Australia on tour, playing all six tests in both 1982 and 1986, all five in 1990, and all four in 1994. Former teammate and coach of the London Broncos, Gary Grienke was hopeful of bringing Meninga to his club for a swansong season,[8] but this did not eventuate.

Post-playing[edit]

Following his retirement Mal Meninga openly supported the Super League concept during the Super League war of the mid-1990s.[11] His popularity and playing record as a domestic and international captain were valuable in raising the profile of the rebel competition. In 1995 Meninga's book Mal Meninga: My Life in Football was published. He was appointed head coach of his old club, the Canberra Raiders in Australia's Super League season in 1997.

Political career[edit]

Meninga briefly campaigned as an Independent for a seat in the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly during the Territory's 2001 general election, informally aligned with the socially conservative, pro-life grouping of Paul Osborne, MLA for Brindabella.[12][13] On Monday, 24 September 2001, just after he declared his candidacy for the electorate of Molonglo,[14] he pulled out mid-sentence, stating, "And the thing about that is, I guess, I was a public figure and I was put on the podium where I was just a person out there ... I'm buggered, I'm sorry, I have to resign."[15]

Subsequently, this incident led to the satirical Chaser team instituting the 'Mal Award' for their election television shows, presented to politicians "for the greatest act of political suicide during an election campaign".[16] In an episode, which aired on 28 November 2007, Meninga satirized himself when he was brought in to present the award but "gave up" mid-speech.[citation needed]

Coaching career[edit]

Canberra[edit]

Meninga was appointed coach of the Raiders in 1997, succeeding three time winner Tim Sheens, but achieved only moderate success. In 2000, Meninga was awarded the Australian Sports Medal for his contribution to Australia's international standing in rugby league. The following year, he received the Centenary Medal "for service as a role model and inspiration as a rugby league player of the highest standard". After Canberra failed to make the finals of the 2001 NRL season, finishing fourth-last (11th out of 14 teams), Matthew Elliott replaced Meninga as the Raiders coach.

In late 2002, Meninga expressed interest in the Queensland State of Origin team coaching job.[17]

During the 2003 Rugby Union World Cup, Wales' assistant coach Scott Johnson got Meninga to assist with pre-match preparation by speaking to the players and presenting them with their jerseys.[18]

Meninga left Canberra and returned to Queensland in 2005, opening several successful businesses, including a fruit and vegetable wholesale business in the Brisbane Markets, and several Strathfield Car Sound outlets. In late 2005, he was announced as the new Queensland State of Origin coach, to replace Michael Hagan.

Queensland[edit]

Meninga made a successful debut as the Maroons coach in the 2006 State of Origin series, guiding Queensland to a 2–1 series victory, its first outright series victory since 2001 (this despite the fact Queensland lost the first match). Also in 2006, he coached the Prime Minister's XIII side to victory over the Papua New Guinea national rugby league team. Meninga attended the 2007 Challenge Cup Final, in which his old club St Helens was playing, at Wembley Stadium as a guest of honour.[19] On 13 October 2006, Meninga was reappointed as coach of the Maroons for the 2007 State of Origin series and 2008 State of Origin series,[20] both of which Queensland won, taking his record with the Maroons to three wins from three series. When Meninga was given a new contract after the 2008 series, he was quoted as saying: "I want to win six [State of Origin series] in a row".[21] In the 2009 series, Queensland won the first two games giving them a record fourth consecutive series win with captain Darren Lockyer saying Meninga now stands among the legends in State of Origin.[22] In December 2009, Meninga was named coach of the year at the Queensland Sports Awards.[23]

In 2010, Meninga coached Queensland to a record 5th straight series win, and is now regarded as one of the greatest and most successful Origin coaches in history. He also coached them to their first "Clean Sweep" since 1995. As well as this, he is the only coach in Origin history to have never lost an Origin series. In 2011, Meninga achieved his 6th straight series as coach of Queensland honoring a promise he made in 2008.[21] The weekend after Queensland won its sixth straight series, Mal Meninga penned a column in Brisbane's The Sunday Mail attacking the NSW media and match review panel, and labelling them "rats and filth"[24] after he believed that they [the NSW media] had tried to sabotage his side's attempts at winning their sixth successive series by charging Johnathan Thurston and David Taylor with on-field incidents (only the latter was suspended) and also attacking NSW coach Ricky Stuart (the last man to win an Origin series for the Blues) over his decision not to reveal the Blues line-up up to one hour before kick-off (which is when the official team lists must be released prior to a match). He was set to face legal action from the NRL's match review panel over his now controversial column, but after negotiations with them on 1 August 2011, the matter was resolved. Meninga still maintains what he has written. For the 2013 State of Origin series New South Wales appointed Laurie Daley to coach against Meninga. This was the 3rd consecutive opponent of Meninga in State of Origin coaching to have been a teammate of the 1990 Winfield Cup Grand Final-winning Canberra side. In 2013, Meninga achieved his eighth consecutive series win with the Queensland State of Origin team.

Meninga's record-breaking winning streak finally ended with the Blues' win in the 2014 State of Origin series.

Records[edit]

  • Only player to make four Kangaroo Tours as a player (1982, 1986, 1990 and 1994)
  • Only player to twice captain a Kangaroo Tour (1990 and 1994).
  • Most points scored in Test matches for Australia (272 – 21 tries, 96 goals)
  • Most goals kicked in Test matches for Australia (96)
  • Most goals kicked in a State of Origin match for Queensland (7 in Game 1 1980), shared with Johnathan Thurston
  • Most State of Origins won as coach in a row. 2006–2013 (8 series)
  • Shortest political career in Australian history.

Honours[edit]

The main grandstand at Canberra Stadium is named the "Mal Meninga Stand" in his honour. The Canberra Raiders' player of the year receives the Mal Meninga Medal in his honour since 2008 and a statue of him has been placed behind the Mal Meninga grandstand next to the one of Laurie Daley.[25]

He was inducted into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame in 1994 and the Australian Rugby League Hall of Fame in 2003.[26][27]

In February 2008, Meninga was named in the list of Australia's 100 Greatest Players (1908–2007) which was commissioned by the NRL and ARL to celebrate the code's centenary year in Australia.[28][29] Meninga went on to be named as one of the centres, along with Reg Gasnier, in Australian rugby league's Team of the Century. Announced on 17 April 2008, the team is the panels' majority choice for each of the thirteen starting positions and four interchange players.[30][31]

In June 2008, he was chosen in the Queensland Rugby League's Team of the Century at centre.[32]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Islanders' sporting prowess". Archived from the original on 1 September 2007. Retrieved 4 July 2007. 
  2. ^ Hagan, Stephen (2006). Australia's Blackest Sporting Moments: The Top 100. Ngalga Warralu Publishing Pty Ltd. p. 288. ISBN 9781921212000. 
  3. ^ Bill Harrigan with Daniel Lane (2003). Harrigan: the referee in a league of his own. Australia: Hachette. 
  4. ^ Toby Creswell and Samantha Trenoweth (2006). 1001 Australians You Should Know. Australia: Pluto Press. p. 690. ISBN 9781864033618. 
  5. ^ "Kangaroos players register". australianrugbyleague.com.au. Australian Rugby League. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "Sport digest". The Sydney Morning Herald. 19 April 1984. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Meninga Saints Heritage Society". Retrieved 13 June 2007. 
  8. ^ a b c d Hadfield, Dave (25 September 1994). "Man mountain of Oz: Mal Meninga". independent.co.uk (The Independent). Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "O'Connor helps set Test records". The Age. 21 July 1988. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  10. ^ Lee, Sally (21 May 2014). "Free from jail after 22 years, Mal Meninga's brother Bevan released after serving sentence for murder of teenage girl". dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  11. ^ Headon, David (October 1999). "Up From the Ashes: The Phoenix of a Rugby League Literature" (pdf). Football Studies Volume 2, Issue 2. Football Studies Group. Retrieved 7 July 2009. 
  12. ^ "December 2001, QN2001D". Quota Notes, Newsletter of the Proportional Representation Society of Australia. Proportional Representation Society of Australia. 2001. Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  13. ^ Crispin Hull (2001-09-09). "December 2001, QN2001D". Quota Notes, Newsletter of the Proportional Representation Society of Australia. http://www.crispinhull.com.au. Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  14. ^ "Mal Meninga expected to run as Molonglo Independent". ABC News online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 24 September 2001. Retrieved 3 September 2010. 
  15. ^ "Meninga sidesteps politics". The World Today (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 24 September 2001. Retrieved 3 September 2010. 
  16. ^ "The Mal Award". The Chaser Decides (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 2001. Retrieved 3 September 2010. 
  17. ^ AAP Sports News (17 October 2002). "Meninga keen for Australian or Queensland coaching job". Australia. Retrieved 27 December 2009. 
  18. ^ McBryde, Robin (2007). Staying Strong. Wales: Y Lolfa. p. 154. 
  19. ^ "Big Mal welcomes the squad". Saints. 23 August 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2007. 
  20. ^ "Meninga stays with the Maroons". Retrieved 13 October 2006. [dead link]
  21. ^ a b http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/rugby-league/state-of-origin/nsw-need-look-no-further-than-queensland-plan-20100618-ymqj.html NSW need look no further than Queensland plan - Brisbane Times
  22. ^ "Meninga's Origin culture created history: Lockyer". Retrieved 25 June 2009. 
  23. ^ deKroo, Karl (4 December 2009). "Wally Lewis says Maroons okay without Darren Lockyer". The Courier Mail (Australia: Queensland Newspapers). Retrieved 5 December 2009. 
  24. ^ Meninga's fury at NSW 'rats and filth' - Sports News First
  25. ^ Peter Fitzgerald (11 September 2008). "Mighty Mal makes monumental mark". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 11 September 2008. 
  26. ^ "Malcolm 'Mal' Meninga AM". Sport Australia Hall of Fame. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  27. ^ Australian Rugby League Hall of Fame
  28. ^ Peter Cassidy (23 February 2008). "Controversy reigns as NRL releases top 100 players". Macquarie National News. Retrieved 23 February 2008. 
  29. ^ "Centenary of Rugby League – The Players". NRL & ARL. 23 February 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2008. 
  30. ^ Todd Balym (17 April 2008). "Johns, Meninga among Immortals". Fox Sports Australia. Retrieved 17 April 2008. 
  31. ^ "Team of the Century Announced". NRL & ARL. 17 April 2008. Retrieved 17 April 2008. 
  32. ^ Ricketts, Steve (10 June 2008). "Locky named No.1 but Wal's still King". The Courier-Mail. Archived from the original on 20 May 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2009. 

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Dean Lance
Canberra Raiders captain
1989–94
Succeeded by
Ricky Stuart
Preceded by
Tim Sheens
1988–1996
Coach
Canberra Raiders

1997–2001
Succeeded by
Matthew Elliott
2002–2006
Preceded by
Michael Hagan
2004–2005
Coach
Queensland

2006–
Succeeded by
incumbent