Mandurah railway line
|Mandurah railway line|
|Transperth railway lines|
|List of Transperth stations|
The Mandurah railway line is a suburban railway line, running through the south western suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. Partly located in the median strip of the Kwinana Freeway, the line connects Perth with Western Australia's second largest city, Mandurah. The line opened on 23 December 2007.
In 2013, over 60,000 daily boardings were made. and a Perth to Mandurah journey time of approximately 50 minutes, replaced the existing busway on the Kwinana Freeway, with about 14,000 boardings per day and a Perth to Mandurah journey time of approximately 68 minutes. In this comparison, the Kwinana Freeway busway was implemented at a significantly lower incremental (i.e. adding bus lanes to an existing freeway/road) cost than the railway.
Legislation for the construction of the Mandurah line passed in December 1999. The original proposed route branched from the Armadale line at Kenwick, and then ran alongside the freight lines until Jandakot where it would run in the median strip of the Kwinana Freeway.
However, following a change in State Government, a bill passed that saw the route altered to start at Perth station, traverse the Kwinana Freeway, and then continue along its initial route after Jandakot. This second route was much more direct, and allowed through services with the Joondalup line. However, the second direct route was more costly than the original indirect route. This decision also led to the relocation of the Rockingham railway station from the city centre to the outer edge in order to offset the additional costs of the Perth section. The original route included tunnels to bring the railway into the Rockingham CBD. As a trade-off for relocating Rockingham station to the outer edge, the State Government promised a light rail link to the Rockingham CBD. This was later revised to a Central Area Transit style bus service partly within a dedicated busway.
Construction of the line started in February 2004. The contract for the city centre works, including the tunnels, was awarded to a joint venture of Leighton Contractors and Kumagai Gumi. The contractors used a tunnel boring machine manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. The first tunnel was completed on 3 June 2006, and the second on 27 October 2006.
Between 2004 and 2006, the Leighton Kumagai Joint Venture was affected by a series of industrial disputes involving the Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union. This culminated in the prosecution of 107 workers for taking illegal industrial action, by the Australian Building and Construction Commission. Prosecution of "the Perth 107" became a national and international cause celebre, in part because it occurred as the Federal Government's industrial relations policy WorkChoices was taking place.
From 7 to 14 October 2007, a planned shutdown of the whole Fremantle line and partial closure of the Clarkson line between Perth and Leederville stations was undertaken to allow workers to connect the Mandurah line to the Clarkson line. On 15 October 2007, Perth Underground and Esplanade stations opened. On this day, the railway also carried its first passengers with the extension of Clarkson line services to Esplanade station.
On 9 November 2007, the first train crossed Narrows Bridge to Rockingham station, testing the new railway line at around 07:30 with a driver and a group of engineers. After the line testing completed, driver training was undertaken.
The line was officially opened on 23 December 2007, with the first train carrying 1500 passengers, including 1000 members of the public selected by ballot. To celebrate, all Transperth bus, train and ferry services were free. On 24 December 2007, new routes and schedules took effect on many services, including the Mandurah line.
The line replaced bus services that previously travelled along the freeway to the city, which now terminate at Mandurah line stations. The exception is Canning Highway services, which stop at Canning Bridge station before continuing to the city.
Below is the annual patronage of Mandurah railway line from 2010–2011 financial year. Figures are provided as total boardings, which includes all fare-paying boardings and free travel on stations within the free transit zones as well as transfers between stations. The figures for rail replacement and special events services are not included in the total.
The section between the Perth underground and Esplanade stations is considered to be part of both the Joondalup and Mandurah lines. Special event services (such as AFL football games) terminate at West Leederville station on the Fremantle line. These services skip Esplanade and Perth on the Mandurah line as well as City West on the Fremantle line.
|Name of station||Code||Zone||Serving suburbs||Pattern stops at this station||Connections|
||MPH||1, FTZ||Perth, Northbridge||●||●||●||●||●||Through to Joondalup line
Platform transfer to Armadale / Thornlie, Fremantle & Midland lines
Transwa Australind service to Bunbury
Bus transfers at Wellington Street bus station
|Esplanade||REE||1, FTZ||Perth||●||●||●||●||●||Through to Joondalup Line
Bus transfers at Esplanade Busport
|Canning Bridge||RCE||1||Applecross, Como||●||●||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Bull Creek||RBK||2||Bateman, Brentwood, Bull Creek||●||●||●||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Murdoch||RMU||2||Bateman, Bull Creek, Murdoch, Leeming||●||●||●||●||●||Bus transfers, CircleRoute
TransWA coach services
|Cockburn Central||RCL||3||Jandakot, Atwell, Success, Cockburn Central||●||●||●||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Kwinana||RKA||4||Bertram, Orelia, Parmelia, The Spectacles||●||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Wellard||RWD||4||Leda, Wellard||●||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Rockingham||RRM||5||Cooloongup, Hillman, Rockingham||●||●||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Warnbro||RWO||5||Warnbro, Waikiki||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Mandurah||RMH||7||Greenfields, Mandurah||●||●||Bus transfers, TransWA coach services|
- New MetroRail
- Transperth Trains
- List of Perth railway stations
- Doncaster railway line - a similar line proposed in 1890 in Melbourne, began construction in the 1970s and aborted despite massive requirement
- Pemble, Louise (9 November 2007). "Perth to Mandurah railway line open soon". The Sunday Times.
- "PTA History at a Glance, 1976 to 2000".
- "PTA History at a Glance, 2001 to Present".
- Brochure - Tunnel Boring Machine
- "First of twin rail tunnels completed".
- "Final breakthrough of CBD tunnel achieves engineering feat".
- Public Transport Authority (14 October 2007). "Perth’s new underground railway stations ready for action". Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- "1500 people take the first Perth to Mandurah train journey". Archived from the original on 2007-12-24. Retrieved 2007-12-23.
- "DESTINATION MANDURAH". Retrieved 2007-12-12.
- "Destination: Canning Bridge, Bull Creek and Murdoch". Retrieved 2007-12-16.
- "Transperth patronage". Public Transport Authority. Retrieved 2014-09-27.