Mars Hill Church
|Mars Hill Church|
|Weekly attendance||15,000 +|
|Founder(s)||Mark Driscoll, Lief Moi and Mike Gunn|
The Sing Team
Mars Hill Church is a Reformed Christian megachurch based in Seattle, Washington and with 14 campuses in 4 U.S. states. Services are offered at its 14 locations; the church podcasts content of weekend services, as well as conferences on the Internet with more than 100,000 downloads every week. In 2012 approximately 14,000 people attended services at Mars Hill Church locations every week. As of February, 2012, Mars Hill had 5,417 actual members.
The early years
Mars Hill Church was founded in spring 1996 by Mark Driscoll, (at that time he was 25 years old), Lief Moi and Mike Gunn. The church started at the apartment of Driscoll and his wife Grace with the blessing of Antioch Bible Church and the exodus of about 30 of its students. They outgrew the apartment and started meeting in the youth rooms of another church. The church had its first official service October 1996, with 160 people attending; attendance quickly fell to around 60 because of discussions about the visions and mission of the church.
In the spring of 1997 the church expanded to two evening services. The transition to two different congregations resulted in some anxiety and stir by members who didn't want the church to grow bigger, but it resulted in growing attendance. Later that same year Mark Driscoll was invited to speak at a pastors' conference in California. The speech Driscoll made inspired many and had great influence on the emerging church movement and changed the focus from reaching Generation X, to reaching the postmodern world. The speech resulted in overwhelming media coverage of Mars Hill Church and Mark Driscoll, and put Driscoll in connection with Leadership Network.
Structure and organization
The church continued growing and it became obvious that the church needed organization and leadership. Inspired by Alan Roxburgh, Driscoll settled on an emerging and missional ecclesiology, and a complementarian view on women in ministry. The church installed the first team of elders and they took over much of the work teaching classes, counseling and training new leaders. Furthermore the church started a course for new members, called the Gospel Class, to ensure that members were focused on the mission of the church and that they agreed with the central doctrinal statements of the church. The class has been running every quarter since. In the fall of 1999 the church had grown to 350 in attendance every week and was able to pay Driscoll full-time.
As a result of the large growth of the church, their bylaws, which outline how the church is organised, have been rewritten on a few occasions. The outcome of this process in November 2007 led to changes in leadership organization. The new bylaws installed Lead pastor Jamie Munson and preaching pastor Mark Driscoll and pastors Scott Thomas and Tim Beltz as "executive pastors" who led the objectives of the church "under the authority of the Board of Directors" on which the executive pastors also serve as directors. The change precipitated the firing of two pastors.
"Mars Hill leaders said in forum postings that one fired pastor was removed, in part, for "displaying an unhealthy distrust in the senior leadership." They said the other was removed for "disregarding the accepted elder protocol for the bylaw deliberation period" and "verbally attacking the lead pastor" — charges the fired pastor denied, the leaders added."
In 2003, Mars Hill Church moved into a renovated hardware store in the Ballard neighborhood of Seattle. In 2006, in an effort to reduce the overcrowding at its services, Mars Hill opened its first satellite campus in Shoreline. This change also marked their transition to a multi-site church, using video sermons as well as other multimedia improvements to the church's web site to connect the campuses. Later in 2006, Mars Hill acquired two new properties, in West Seattle and Wedgwood which later became their West Seattle and Lake City campuses. After less than three years of operation, the Lake City campus announced it would be closing as of July 2010 and its members were encouraged to scatter to other campuses because the Lake City campus did not produce enough funds to justify its continued existence. Pastor James became the executive pastor for Mars Hill Shoreline.
New locations of Mars Hill have been added using multi-campus "meta-church" structure connecting via high-definition video to the remote campuses during weekly worship services. This format has allowed each location to retain local ministries while benefiting from the programs afforded to them by the larger body - all under the leadership of the main campus. A fourth, and then a fifth, campus opened in 2007 and in 2008, a sixth location was added in downtown Seattle. A seventh campus, in Olympia, Washington, opened in Fall 2008 and an eighth campus, the first outside of Washington state, opened in Albuquerque, New Mexico in Fall 2009. The church launched four new churches on January 15 in Portland, Rainier Valley, Sammammish, and Orange County, the same day as the first sermon in the "Real Marriage" sermon series, based on Mark and Grace Driscoll's #1 New York Times Bestseller, Real Marriage.
In 2008 the church launched an online community-building network, called The City, to improve communication on all levels in the church. It was such a success that The City was purchased by the Christian publishing brand, Zondervan, before Christmas 2008.
Mars Hill Church currently meets at fourteen locations (Ballard, Shoreline, West Seattle, Bellevue, Downtown, Olympia, U-District, Federal Way, Rainer Valley, Orange County, Sammamish, Portland, Everett, and Albuquerque, NM) with a total of forty-two services each Sunday.
- Ballard church. Led by pastor Alex Early.
- Bellevue church. Led by pastor Thomas Hurst and is where pastor Mark Driscoll preaches live.
- Downtown Seattle church. Started by Pastor Tim Gaydos who recently resigned right after the grand opening celebration of their new location in a historic church building in downtown Seattle, aka Daniels Recital Hall, formerly the First United Methodist Church..
- West Seattle church. Led by pastor David Fairchild.
- Olympia church. Led by Pastor Seth Winterhalter.
- U-District church is a plant of the Ballard campus. Led by pastor Drew Hensley.
- Federal Way church. Led by pastor Bubba Jennings at Saghalie Middle School.
- Albuquerque, New Mexico church (located at former Lobo Theater). Led by pastor Donovan Medina.
- Orange County, California church. Led by pastor Nick Bogardus.
- Everett church. Led by pastor Ryan Williams.
- Portland church (located at former Sunnyside Congregational Church). Led by pastor Tim Smith.
- Sammamish church. Led by pastor Alex Ghioni.
- Rainier Valley church. Led by pastor Willie Wilson.
Growth and influence
In 2007 Mars Hill Church was rated as the second most church planting church, the 9th most innovative church, and it was the 23rd fastest growing church in the United States in 2007 with a growth in attendance of 38% in one year. A recent report that rate by relevance and influence concluded that Mars Hill Church is the eighth most influential church in the United States.
Acts 29 Church Planting Network
Acts 29 Church Planting Network is a separate 501(c)(3) from Mars Hill Church but was founded by Mars Hill in 2001. It is an interdenominational network of pastors and churches from around the world whose focus is to assess and equip qualified leaders, plant new churches, and rejuvenate declining churches. The current president of Acts 29 is Matt Chandler. The offices and leadership of Acts 29 moved from Mars Hill Church in Seattle to The Village Church in Texas in March 2012.
TheResurgence.com is an outgrowth of the teaching ministry at Mars Hill Church. The intent of the ministry is to provide a large repository of free missional theology resources in hopes of serving the cause of the gospel of Jesus Christ in culture. Additionally, Resurgence announced that starting in 2008 they began publishing a line of books called Re:Lit (Resurgence Literature) in partnership with Crossway.
Some have criticized the church for its harshness in dealing with dissent within its leadership, citing as an example an incident during the church reorganization in 2007 where two elders disapproved of and suggested revisions to a draft version of the rewritten bylaws, which they viewed as consolidating power in the hands of Mark Driscoll and his closest aides. Both elders were subsequently disciplined and fired shortly thereafter. Church leadership instructed members of the congregation to shun the two former elders as unrepentant. Additionally, members who have openly questioned or dissented with Mars Hill leaders have been asked to leave the church. This policy of church discipline was discussed during a lecture given on April 20, 2009 by Mark Driscoll for The Gospel Coalition.
In early 2012 the church once again became a source of controversy over shunning and disciplinary proceeding when a young man under discipline released documents from his disciplinary contract to blogger & author Mathew Paul Turner. The documents include a discipline contract as well as an email from church leaders to the congregation directing them to shun him.
In 2012 The Stranger ran an article on Mars Hill Church based on interviews with former members. The article questions some of the church's practices, which, it claims, are more typical of a cult than of a congregation.
Singer-songwriter Mary Lambert formerly attended Mars Hill, but said going there made her ashamed and caused her to cry after church, feeling that she needed to apologize to God for her homosexuality. The line "I'm not crying on Sundays" from Lambert and Macklemore's hit song Same Love refers to her experiences at the church. 
- Only coordinates for Ballard Main Campus.
- Rose Egge (2008-07-14). "Mars Hill Church one of nation's fastest growing". Ballard News-Tribune. Archived from the original on 2008-08-03. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
- "Mars Hill Church Media Library". Mars Hill Church. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
- Ronald E. Keener. "Seattle is among the least churched cities in America". Church Executive. Retrieved October 4, 2008.[dead link]
- Sutton Turner. "Jesus Just Stepped On The Gas". Church Executive. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 38.
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 54.
- From the section Story of http://www.harambeechurch2.org/aboutHarambee.php
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 76: "Between 160 and 200 had shown up for our big kick off service."
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 82-83: "Though our church was brand-new, we had already lost focus of our mission [...] Our attendance had declined to about sixty or seventy people..."
- Dricoll, Confessions, p 93: "Since we still could not find a Sunday morning location, we decided to split our 6:00 p.m. service into two services [...] When I told our people that we were going to grow beyond 150 people and expand to two services, some of them freaked out."
- "Generation X...Three Myths and Realities" (PDF). Leadership Network. Retrieved 2008-11-09.[dead link]
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 98: "And it shifted the conversation from reaching Generation X to the emerging mission of reaching postmodern culture."
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 98: "I was not prepared for the media onslaught that came shortly thereafter. Before I knew it, National Public Radio was interviewing me, Mother Jones magazine did a feature on our church, Pat Robertson's 700 Club gave me a plaque for being America's "Church of the Week" and did a television story on us, other media outlets started asking for interviews, large denominations were asking me to be a consultant..."
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 108: "I began wrestling with his basic concept and came up with the following emerging and missional ecclesiology, which has governed our church ever since."
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 110-111.
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 112: "The Gospel Class is a series of Bible studies that I taught to ground our people in our essential doctrines and missiology... The class has run every quarter since it began."
- Driscoll, Confessions, p 113-116.
- Tu, Janet I. (2007-11-18). "Firing of pastors roils Mars Hill Church". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
- "Mars Hill - History". Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- "Mars Hill Church". Retrieved 2008-08-08. Text " Lake City » Welcome to Mars Hill Lake City " ignored (help)
- A Word from Pastor James...
- Parishioners connect at new campus of Mars Hill Church
- "Zondervan Acquires Online Community-Building Resource for Churches - The City". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
- Bhatt, Sanjay. "Mars Hill Church to move into historic Methodist Church building downtown" The Seattle Times. August 6, 2012.
- Holden, Dominic. "Pastor Unexpectedly Quits Mars Hill Church" The Stranger. March 14, 2013.
- "2007 America's Top 25 Multiplying Churches" (PDF). Outreach Magazine's. Retrieved 2008-11-12.[dead link]
- "The 25 Most Innovative Churches in America" (PDF). Outreach Magazine's. Retrieved 2008-11-12.[dead link]
- "101 Fastest-Growing U.S. Churches" (PDF). Outreach Magazine's. Retrieved 2008-10-04.[dead link]
- "50 Most Influential Churches in America of 2007". 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
- 50 Most Influential Churches
- Acts 29 Network
- http://www.acts29network.org/acts-29-blog/a-note-on-some-transitions/ Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- Worthen, Molly. "Who Would Jesus Smackdown?". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
- "Gospel Coalition 2009 - Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth". The Gospel Coalition. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- http://www.slate.com/articles/life/faithbased/2012/02/mars_hill_pastor_mark_driscoll_faces_backlash_over_church_discipline_case_.html Retrieved 2012-03-12
- http://www.komonews.com/news/local/Mars-Hill-church-again-a-source-of-controversy-140996563.html Retrieved 2012-03-12
- Brendan Kiley (2012-01-31). "Church or Cult? The Control-Freaky Ways of Mars Hill Church". The Stranger. Retrieved 2012-02-01.
- "Mary Lambert: The voice behind Macklemore's 'Same Love'".