McCook Army Air Field

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McCook Army Airfield
McCook Army Airfield - Nebraska.jpg
2006 USGS Orthophoto
IATA: noneICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner USAAF
Location Red Willow County,
near McCook, Nebraska
Coordinates 40°18′25″N 100°42′07″W / 40.30694°N 100.70194°W / 40.30694; -100.70194
Map
McAAF is located in Nebraska
McAAF
McAAF
Location of McCook Army Airfield
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
17/35 7,500 2,286 Concrete
13/31 7,500 2,286 Concrete
04/22 7,500 2,286 Concrete
All runways removed except a 20' strip
McCook Army Airfield, 1944, looking northeast
McCook Army Airfield, 1944, looking northwest

McCook Army Airfield was activated on 1 April 1943. It is located nine miles (14 km) northwest of McCook, a city in Red Willow County, Nebraska, United States and is southwest of Lincoln, Nebraska. It was constructed in 1943 . The 2,100-acre (8.5 km2) site is bordered on all sides by level farm ground.

History[edit]

McCook AAF was one of eleven United States Army Air Forces training bases in Nebraska during World War II. The 2,100-acre (8.5 km2) base included three 150 by 7,500-foot (2,300 m) concrete runways, five hangars, and barracks for 5,000 men. It operated with three divisions: Base Services (hospital, chapel, theater, band, gymnasium, fire station, post office, photo lab, library, and military police); Maintenance and Supply (air service groups, post engineers, machine shop, warehouses); and Training (celestial navigation, gunnery and bombing, communications, radar, and aircraft maintenance). Approximately 110 buildings and structures were constructed.

The airfield was activated on 1 April 1943, under the command of Second Air Force Headquarters, Colorado Springs, Colorado. The host unit at the airfield was the 520th Operational Training Unit as part of Air Technical Service Command. The 520th was assigned to the 16th Bombardment Operational Training Wing (August 1943 - March 1944), then transferred to the 17th Bombardment Training Wing in March 1944 for B-29 training.

McCook provided final training of heavy bomber crews for the B-17 Flying Fortress, Consolidated B-24 Liberator and Boeing B-29 Super Fortress. Some 15,000 servicemen and 500 civilians were stationed at McCook. Bomber crew members received final proficiency training at the field before deployment in North Africa, Europe, and Pacific Theater of Operations.

Among the bomb groups trained at McCook were elements of the 8th, 15th, and 20th Air Forces. These bomb groups saw combat in the European, Mediterranean, and Pacific Theaters.

The following USAAF Groups were stationed at McCook:

736th, 737th, 738th and 739th Bombardment Squadrons
Deployed to Fifteenth Air Force in Italy (B-24 Liberator)
832nd, 833rd, 834th and 835th Bombardment Squadrons
Deployed to Eighth Air Force in England (B-24 Liberator)
780th, 781st, 782nd and 783rd Bombardment Squadrons
Deployed to Fifteenth Air Force in Italy (B-24 Liberator)
860th, 861st, 862nd and 863rd Bombardment Squadrons
Deployed to Eighth Air Force in England (B-17 Flying Fortress)
1st, 5th, 99th and 430th Bombardment Squadrons
Deployed to Twentieth Air Force in Tinian (B-29 Superfortress)
355th, 356th, and Bombardment 357th Squadrons
Deployed to Twentieth Air Force in Guam (B-29 Superfortress)
343rd, 344th, 345th and 415th Bombardment Squadrons (B-29 Superfortress)
Inactivated 18 November 1945
712th, 713th, 714th, and 715th Bombardment Squadrons
Inactivated 4 December 1945

With the inactivation of the 448th Bomb Group, McCook AAF was inactivated and placed in reserve status under supervision of the 2347th Air Force Reserve Training Center. The Airfield closed on 31 December 1945, and was acquired by the state of Nebraska from the War Assets Administration in 1947.

Large low building with plowed fields in foreground; two small grain bins in front of hangar; farmer working on tractor in hangar entrance
Hangar at McCook AAF, now used for farm storage

In 1950, the city of McCook took possession of the airfield for a municipal airport, however, found that its distant location from the city made it inconvenient. The city of McCook turned the McCook airfield back to the State of Nebraska in 1952.

Today the land is owned primarily by farmers and the Nebraska Bureau of Land Management. Most of the concrete runways have been removed except for a 20' strip on the E-W and SW-NE runways. About a dozen World War II-era buildings still exist at the former airfield in various states of deterioration including all the hangars.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.


External links[edit]