Meløy within Nordland
|• Mayor (2011)||Per Swensen (H)|
|• Total||873.89 km2 (337.41 sq mi)|
|• Land||798.45 km2 (308.28 sq mi)|
|• Water||75.44 km2 (29.13 sq mi)|
|Area rank||127 in Norway|
|• Rank||145 in Norway|
|• Density||8.3/km2 (21/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-2.4 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1837|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
Meløy is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Salten traditional region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Ørnes. Other villages include Eidbukta, Glomfjord, Halsa, Reipå, and Ågskardet.
The municipality is situated just to the north of the Arctic Circle on Norway's west coast. It encompasses the island of Meløya and some 700 other islands of various sizes around the Meløyfjorden, Glomfjorden, and Holandsfjorden in the south, along with a stretch of mainland coast.
The municipality of Meløy was established on 1 January 1884 when the northern district of the municipality of Rødøy was separated to become the new municipality of Meløy. The initial population of Meløy was 2,696. The municipal borders have not changed since then.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the island of Meløya (Old Norse: Mjǫlva), since the first church (Meløy Church) was built there. The old name of the island is probably derived from mjǫl which means "flour" or "meal" (referring to fine sand on the beaches of the island). The last element øy which means "island" was added to the name around 1500. Historically, the name was spelled Melø.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 7 December 1984. The arms show a yellow poppy plant (Papaver radicatum subglobosum) on a blue background. The village is near the second largest glacier in continental Norway, the Svartisen (black ice), and the plant is one of the plants growing closest to the ice. The colors symbolize the blue glacial ice and the yellow flowers.
of the Church
|Fore og Meløy||Fore Church||Reipå||1909|
Meløy has been inhabited for many centuries and still possesses various relics from the Viking period. The Benkestok family, one of Norway's original noble families, established one of its seats at Meløy gård (farm) on the island of Meløya in the 16th century.
Due to the expansion of the community during the 19th century, it was split from its southern neighbour Rødøy in 1884. Its administrative centre was originally on Meløya, but it was later moved to the mainland coastal village of Ørnes. Ørnes is one of the stops on the route of the Hurtigruten (coastal express boat), with a notably scenic entrance via the fjord.
The municipality of Meløy is a coastal community that includes many of the surrounding islands. Many parts of the mainland were fairly isolated until road tunnels were built during the 20th century that connected them to the rest of Norway. Some of the main islands of Meløy are Meløya, Bolga, Mesøya, Støtt, and Åmnøya. Åmnøya is connected to the mainland via the Brattsund Bridge. The other islands are all accessible by boat or ferry only. The Kalsholmen Lighthouse is located in the southwestern part of the municipality.
The Vestfjorden passes Meløy in the northwest, and the Meløyfjorden, Glomfjorden, and Holandsfjorden cut into the mainland from the west. The Saltfjellet–Svartisen National Park is located in the southeast in the Saltfjellet mountain range, surrounding the Svartisen glacier.
The industrial development—and thus the main contributor to the economic development and growth of the Meløy community—started around the time of World War I. It was based on electrical power production in then new Glomfjord power plant from water coming from the Svartisen glacier and the lake Storglomvatnet and gathered in the mountains. In the bottom of Glomfjorden, Norsk Hydro (today YARA) started out producing fertilizers in Glomfjord. A conglomerate of industries is found there today in Glomfjord Industry Park. The municipality's overall industries are some light industry, agriculture, forestry, fishing, salmon production, and tourism.
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 173.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-11-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Meløy.|
- Nordland travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Video from Engabreen • Svartisen