Røst

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Røst kommune
Municipality
Roest-1.jpg
Coat of arms of Røst kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Røst kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Røst within Nordland
Røst within Nordland
Coordinates: 67°31′12″N 12°5′56″E / 67.52000°N 12.09889°E / 67.52000; 12.09889Coordinates: 67°31′12″N 12°5′56″E / 67.52000°N 12.09889°E / 67.52000; 12.09889
Country Norway
County Nordland
District Lofoten
Administrative centre Røst
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Tor-Arne Andreassen (Ap)
Area
 • Total 10.46 km2 (4.04 sq mi)
 • Land 10.13 km2 (3.91 sq mi)
 • Water 0.33 km2 (0.13 sq mi)
Area rank 430 in Norway
Population (2011)
 • Total 605
 • Rank 421 in Norway
 • Density 59.7/km2 (155/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -7.2 %
Demonym Røstværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1856
Official language form Bokmål
Website www.rost.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Røst is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Lofoten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Røstlandet.

General information[edit]

View of Røst from the air

The municipality of Røst was established on 1 July 1928 when it was separated from the municipality of Værøy. Initially, it had 731 residents. The municipal boundaries have not changed since that time.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the main island of Røstlandet (Old Norse: Rǫst). The name is identical with the word rǫst which means "maelstrom". (See Moskstraumen.)[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 28 November 1986. The artist was Arvid Sveen. The arms show three black shags (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) on a grey background. The shags play a role in a local legend in which three brothers can transform themselves into shags.[4]

See also: Coats-of-arms of Loppa and Skjervøy

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Røst. It is part of the Bodø deanery in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Røst
Parish
(Sokn)
Church Name Location
of the Church
Year Built
Røst Røst Church Røstlandet 1899

History[edit]

A vivid description of medieval island life has been delivered by the shipwrecked Venetian sea captain Pietro Querini, who was rescued by the islanders in 1432. He described the society as very harmonious and pious, and described how they made a living from fishing cod and some agriculture. The Norwegian Lundehund originated from this part of Norway, where it natively would have climbed along cliff paths to hunt puffins. Fishing is the main economic activity on Røst.

Transportation[edit]

The ferry in Røst harbor

As an isolated island municipality, there are no road connections to Røst. It can be reached by boat and airplane. There are ferry connections to neighboring Værøy and also to the town of Bodø on the mainland. Røst Airport has regularly scheduled flights to Bodø.

Economy[edit]

During the winter, the population of Røst gets doubled due to the number of boats arriving at Røst to fish. Yearly, the small island of Røst produces fish and fish-related products worth more than US$40 million.

Environment[edit]

Atlantic puffins; Røst has the largest sea bird colonies in Norway.

Geography[edit]

There are 365 islands and skerries in the municipality situated some 100 kilometres (62 mi) off the mainland, at the southwestern tip of the Lofoten island chain in the Vestfjorden. Skomvær Lighthouse is located in the southern part of the municipality on the small island of Skomvær.

Birdlife[edit]

Røst is one of the few bird watching localities in Norway that is known worldwide. The seabird colonies that are to be found are regarded as internationally important. The island offers a range of habitats, and as one would expect, a stop-over point for many species that are migrating even further north. During the last few years, birders have been showing an interest for Røst during the autumn, producing a whole range of rarities.

The municipality also has one of the biggest bird cliffs in the North Atlantic, with puffin colonies, as well as colonies of shag, kittiwake, and cormorants.

Climate[edit]

Despite its northerly location, Røst features a subpolar oceanic climate. Røst and Værøy are known by meteorologists as the most northern locations in the world with average temperatures above freezing all winter. The winter temperatures in southern Lofoten represent the largest temperature anomaly in the world relative to latitude. The mean annual temperature is 5.4 °C (41.7 °F) (1961–1990), and the average annual precipitation is 680 millimetres (27 in). The wettest months are October through December with approximately 90 millimetres (3.5 in) precipitation each month, and the driest period is during May and June with on average of 30 millimetres (1.2 in) each month.[5] Precipitation varies considerably and June 2009 saw only 1 millimetre (0.039 in) precipitation and July 2009 only 7 millimetres (0.28 in), while in December 2008 there was 127 millimetres (5.0 in) of precipitation registered.[6]

Climate data for Røst
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4
(39)
3
(37)
3
(37)
6
(43)
9
(48)
11
(52)
14
(57)
14
(57)
12
(54)
9
(48)
6
(43)
5
(41)
8
(46.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0
(32)
−1
(30)
0
(32)
2
(36)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
10
(50)
8
(46)
5
(41)
2
(36)
1
(34)
4.2
(39.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.72)
54
(2.13)
54
(2.13)
41
(1.61)
28
(1.1)
32
(1.26)
43
(1.69)
48
(1.89)
68
(2.68)
88
(3.46)
76
(2.99)
79
(3.11)
680
(26.77)
Source: [7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 351. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  5. ^ Røst climate statistics
  6. ^ yr.no weather statistics last 12 months
  7. ^ "Røst average conditions - base period 10 last years". Storm Weather Center. Retrieved 5 December 2009. 

External links[edit]