Mohammad Nahavandian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
محمد نهاوندیان
Mohammad Nahavandian
Mohammad Nahavandian.jpg
Chief of Staff of the President of Iran
Incumbent
Assumed office
4 August 2013
President Hassan Rouhani
Preceded by Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei
President of the Chamber of Commerce Industries and Mines
In office
1 July 2010 – 4 August 2013
Preceded by Mohammad Reza Behzadian
Succeeded by Mohammad Sadeq Moffateh (Acting)
Deputy Secretary of Supreme National Security Council
In office
15 August 2005 – 20 October 2007
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Preceded by Hossein Mousavian
Succeeded by Ali Bagheri
Deputy Minister of Commerce
In office
4 June 1994 – 12 January 2002
Minister Yahya Ale Eshaq
Mohammad Shariatmadari
Preceded by Masoud Movahedi
Succeeded by Masoud Movahedi
Personal details
Born (1954-02-06) 6 February 1954 (age 60)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Islamic Coalition Party
Residence Tehran, Iran
New York, United States
Alma mater Alavi Institute
Qom Hawza
University of Tehran
George Washington University
Profession Politician, Economist
Website Official website

Mohammad Nahavandian (Persian: ‌محمد نهاوندیان‎, born 2 February 1954) is an Iranian American politician and economist and the chief of staff of the President of Iran. He was the president of Iran Chamber of Commerce Industries and Mines from 1 July 2010 until 4 August 2013 and also, the head of Iran's membership request commission to World Trade Organization. He was also the deputy secretary of Supreme National Security Council under Ali Larijani.

Early life and education[edit]

Nahavandian is the son of Jafar Nahavandian, a famous Iranian religious figure and founder of Hossienieh Zanjaniha. He was born on 2 February 1954 in Tehran. He graduated from Alavi Institute in 1976 with a degree in economics and then moved to United States for education at George Washington University. He left the United States and returned to Iran before Iranian Revolution. He was one of the closest people to the Morteza Motahari and Mohammad Javad Bahonar. He then founded Economic Council of Iran in 1980 but returned to the United States to continue his education. He received his Ph.D in economics in 1989 and founded Islamic Cooperation of the Americans. He returned to Iran after eight years in 1994.[1]

Career[edit]

Nahavandian became deputy minister of commerce, having been appointed by Yahya Ale Eshaq. After Mohammad Shariatmadari succeeded Ale Eshaq, he remained at his position. In 2002, he resigned from office to become Economic adviser to the President Mohammad Khatami.[2] He also became head of economic programs at IRIB in the same year. After Ali Larijani was appointed as the Secretary of Supreme National Security Council, he named Nahavandian as his deputy in economic affairs. He was also choice of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the head of Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE) in 2006 but he rejected it to continue his career at the Security Council. After the resignation of Larijani, he also do same.

In December 2007, he was elected as the deputy president of Iran Chamber of Commerce Industries and Mines. After resignation of long time president of the chamber Mohammad Reza Behzadian, Nahavandian was elected as his successor with 165 votes from representatives of cities and organizations and becomes president of the chamber.[3] He was one of the campaign members of Ali Akbar Velayati during 2013 presidential election but after the election of Hassan Rouhani, he was named as his economic adviser and head of economic commission for the transition affairs. It was reported that Nahavandian will become chief of staff of the president after the inauguration of Rouhani. After Rouhani took office as the President of Iran, he officially appointed Nahavandian for the position, effective from 4 August 2013.[4]

Controversies[edit]

He held the Permanent residence of the United States (Green Card) since 1990. In 2005, Financial Times reports that Nahavandian had traveled to the United States and meet with the officials to discuss about Iran's nuclear program. At that time, Nahavandian was deputy secretary of Supreme National Security Council. Ali Larijani later denied Nahavandian's private meet with the United States officials. Both Iran and United States' diplomats also denied the meeting. Iran's Ministry of Foreign Affairs published an official statement and called Nahavandian's travel to the United States personal and no communication between the two countries relations.

Works[edit]

  • “New Horizons in Trade Policy-Making”, Commerce Publishing Co., Tehran, 2002
  • “Tobacco Conflict, Study of Iran-British Economic Relations in 19th Century”, Fajr Publications, Tehran, 1978[5]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Hossein Mousavian
Deputy Secretary Supreme National Security Council
2005–2007
Succeeded by
Ali Bagheri
Preceded by
Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei
Chief of Staff of the President of Iran
2013–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Business positions
Preceded by
Mohammad Reza Behzadian
President of the Chamber of Commerce Industries and Mines
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Mohammad Sadeq Moffateh
Acting