Ali Akbar Salehi

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علی اکبر صالحی
Ali Akbar Salehi
Ali Akbar Salehi.jpg
Salehi in 2013
Head of Atomic Energy Organization
Incumbent
Assumed office
16 August 2013
President Hassan Rouhani
Deputy Mohammad Ahmadian
Preceded by Fereydoon Abbasi
In office
16 July 2009 – 13 December 2010
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Deputy Mohammad Ahmadian
Preceded by Gholam Reza Aghazadeh
Succeeded by Mohammad Ahmadian
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
13 December 2010 – 15 August 2013
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Deputy Ramin Mehmanparast
Abbas Araghchi
Preceded by Manouchehr Mottaki
Succeeded by Mohammad Javad Zarif
Personal details
Born (1949-03-24) 24 March 1949 (age 65)
Karbala, Iraq
Nationality Iranian
Spouse(s) Zahra Rad
Alma mater American University of Beirut
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Religion Twelver Shia Islam

Ali Akbar Salehi About this sound pronunction  (Persian: علی اکبر صالحی‎, born 24 March 1949) is an Iranian academic, diplomat and the head of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran. He served as head of AEOI from 2009 to 2010 and was appointed to the post for a second time on 16 August 2013. Before his appointment of his current position, he was foreign affairs minister from 2010 to 2013. He was also the Iranian representative in the International Atomic Energy Agency from 1998 to 2003.

Early life and education[edit]

Salehi was born in Karbala, Iraq, on 24 March 1949.[1] He received a bachelor of science degree in mechanical engineering from the American University of Beirut in 1971 and a PhD in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1977.[2][3][4]

Salehi is fluent in English and Arabic, in addition to his native Persian.[5]

Career[edit]

Salehi speaking at Munich Security Conference

Salehi is full professor and was chancellor of the Sharif University of Technology[6] and a member of the Academy of Sciences of Iran and the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Italy. He served as the chancellor of the Sharif University of Technology[2] from 1982 to 1985 and once again from 1989 to 1993. While chancellor, Salehi was involved in an attempt to obtain dual-use technologies from a European supplier, according to David Albright of the Institute for Science and International Security, citing some 1,600 telex documents from the 1990s.[7] He was also chancellor of Imam Khomeini International University for two years (1988–1989).

An ISIS report claims the Physics Research Center acted as a front in the late 1980s and early 1990s to obtain illicit nuclear technologies. ISIS claims that, as head of Sharif University, was aware of purchases.[8]

Salehi was appointed as permanent representative of Iran to International Atomic Energy Agency by the then president Mohammad Khatami on 13 March 1997 and remained in the post until 22 August 2005. On 18 December 2003, Salehi signed the Additional Protocol to the safeguard agreement, on behalf of Iran. He was replaced by Ali Asghar Soltanieh.

Salehi was deputy secretary-general of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference under Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu from 2007 to 2009. He resigned on 16 July 2009 when then President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad appointed Salehi as the new head of Iran's Atomic Energy Organization, replacing Gholam Reza Aghazadeh who resigned on 10 July. Salehi resigned from office on 23 January 2011 when Ahmadinejad nominated him as foreign minister.

On 13 December 2010, Ahmadinejad dismissed Manouchehr Mottaki for unknown reasons and appointed Salehi in an acting capacity.[9] On 23 January 2011, Ahmadinejad nominated Salehi to become foreign minister. The Iranian Parliament voted him on 30 January and he became the foreign minister of Iran, gaining 146 positive votes.[10] The European Union and the Treasury of the United Kingdom had put Salehi into the sanction list as an asset freeze target on 18 November 2009 due to his previous involvement in Iran's nuclear programme.[11] The EU waived this designation when he became foreign minister in 2010.[12] His term as foreign minister ended on 15 August 2013 when Mohammad Javad Zarif took the position in the elected President Hassan Rouhani's government.[13]

A day after, Rouhani appointed Salehi as head of Atomic Energy Organization for a second time on 16 August 2013.[3][13] Salehi replaced Fereydoon Abbasi in the post.[14]

Sanctions[edit]

As the head of the AEOI when Iran was facing increased scrutiny in light of International Atomic Energy Agency findings, Salehi was designated for financial sanctions and travel restrictions by the European Union and the United Kingdom.[11][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boroujerdi, Mehrzhad (31 January 2011). "Iran's New Foreign Minister: Ali Akbar Salehi". PBS. Retrieved 15 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Kambiz Tavana; Arash Karami (1 December 2011). "The Man to Watch in Iran?". PBS. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "President appoints Salehi as Nuclear Energy Organization Chief". IRNA. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  4. ^ http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/16333
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Elsevier SCIENTIA IRANICA Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  7. ^ "US nuclear expert: Iranian FM Salehi linked to past program". The Jerusalem Post. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012. 
  8. ^ Zakaria, Tabassum (15 May 2012). "U.S. nuclear expert: Iran official linked to past program". Reuters. Retrieved 15 May 2012. 
  9. ^ Theodoulou, Michael (14 December 2010). "Ahmadinejad fires foreign minister on overseas trip". The National. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "Parliament Okays Salehi as Iran's New Foreign Minister". Fars News. 30 January 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Asset Freeze Targets". HM Treasury. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  12. ^ Ben Weinthal (6 July 2012).“Cyprus detains Iran FM due to old sanctions” The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  13. ^ a b Khalaj, Monavar (15 August 2013). "Iran parliament approves new president’s cabinet nominees". Financial Times (Tehran). Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Iran Parliament approves big Rouhani cabinet nominees, rejects 3". Hurriyet (Dubai). Reuters. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  15. ^ Iranian FM, a driving force behind the nuclear program, visits New York, Realite, 20 September 2011
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Mohammad Raeesi
Ambassador of Iran to the IAEA
1997–2005
Succeeded by
Ali Asghar Soltanieh
Political offices
Preceded by
Gholam Reza Aghazadeh
Head of Atomic Energy Organization
2009–2010
Succeeded by
Mohammad Ahmadian
Preceded by
Manouchehr Mottaki
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Mohammad Javad Zarif
Preceded by
Fereydoon Abbasi
Head of Atomic Energy Organization
2013–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Academic offices
Preceded by
Abbas Anvari
Chancellor of Sharif University of Technology
1982–1985
Succeeded by
Abbas Anvari
Preceded by
Mahmoud Boroujerdi
Chancellor of Imam Khomeini International University
1988–1989
Succeeded by
Gholamreza Shirazian
Preceded by
Abbas Anvari
Chancellor of Sharif University of Technology
1989–1993
Succeeded by
Mohammad Etemadi