Mona Van Duyn
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Mona Jane Van Duyn (May 9, 1921 – December 2, 2004) was an American poet. She won every major American award for poetry and was appointed Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1992.
Van Duyn was born in Waterloo, Iowa. She grew up in the small town of Eldora (pop. 3,200) where she read voraciously in the town library and wrote poems secretly in notebooks from her grade school years to her high school years. Van Duyn earned a B.A. from Iowa State Teachers College in 1942, and an M.A. from the State University of Iowa in 1943, the year she married Jarvis Thurston. She and Thurston studied in the Ph.D. program at Iowa. In 1946 she was hired as an instructor at the University of Louisville when her husband became an assistant professor there. Together they began Perspective: A Quarterly of Literature and the Arts in 1947 and shifted that journal to Washington University in St. Louis when they moved there in 1950.
In St. Louis, Thurston became chair of the Washington University Department of English, and Van Duyn and Thurston drew to St. Louis and presided over what would become a unique literary circle of creative writers and critics. (It included poet Howard Nemerov, novelist and critic William Gass, novelist Stanley Elkin, poets Donald Finkel and John Morris, critic Richard Stang, authors Wayne Fields and Naomi Lebowitz, and others.)
Continuing to edit Perspective until it ceased publication in 1975, they are recognized for their role in fostering literary talent nationwide and for publishing early works by Anthony Hecht, W. S. Merwin, Douglas Woolf, and many others.
Van Duyn was a friend of poet James Merrill and instrumental in securing his papers for the Washington University Special Collections in the mid 1960s. She was a lecturer in the University College of Washington University until her retirement in 1990. In 1983, a year after she had published her fifth book of poems, she was named Adjunct Professor in the English Department and became the "Visiting Hurst Professor" in 1987, the year she was invited to be a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters.
Career as a poet
Van Duyn won every major U.S. prize for poetry, including the National Book Award (1971) for To See, To Take, the Bollingen Prize (1971), the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize (1989), and the Pulitzer Prize (1991) for Near Changes. She was the U.S. Poet Laureate between 1992 and 1993. Despite her accolades, her career fluctuated between praise and obscurity. Her views of love and marriage ranged from the scathing to the optimistic. In "What I Want to Say", she wrote of love:
- It is the absolute narrowing of possibilities
- and everyone, down to the last man
- dreads it
But in "Late Loving", she wrote:
- Love is finding the familiar dear
To See, To Take (1970) was a collection of poems that gathered together three previous books and some uncollected work and won the National Book Award for Poetry. In 1981 she became a fellow in the Academy of American Poets and then, in 1985, one of the twelve Chancellors who serve for life. A recent Collected Poems, If It Be Not I (1992) included four volumes that had appeared since her first collected poems. It was published simultaneously with a new collection of poetry, Firefall.
In 1993 she was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame. She was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1996. She died of bone cancer at her home in University City, Missouri, on December 2, 2004, aged 83.
- Valentines to the Wide World (Cummington Publishing), 1959.
- A Time of Bees (University of North Carolina Press), 1964.
- To See, To Take: Poems (Atheneum), 1970 —winner of the 1971 National Book Award for Poetry
- Bedtime Stories (Ceres Press), 1972.
- Merciful Disguises:: Poems Published and Unpublished (Atheneum), 1973.
- Letters From a Father, and Other Poems (Atheneum), 1982.
- Near Changes (Knopf), 1990 —winner of the 1991 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
- If It Be Not I: Collected Poems, 1959-1982 (Knopf), 1994.
- Firefall (Knopf), 1994.
- Selected Poems (Knopf), 2003.
- "Poet Laureate Timeline: 1991-2000". Library of Congress. 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-01. (Six women poets preceded her as Consultants in Poetry to the Library of Congress. Also see United States Poet Laureate.)
- "Famous Iowans: Van Duyn, Mona". DesMoinesRegister.com. The Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 16, 2010.
- "National Book Awards – 1971". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
(With acceptance speech by Van Duyn and essay by Dilruba Ahmed from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
- "Poetry". Past winners & finalists by category. The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
- St. Louis Walk of Fame. "St. Louis Walk of Fame Inductees". stlouiswalkoffame.org. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter V". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- Mona Van Duyn Papers at Washington University, St. Louis — with brief biography
- Mona Van Duyn pages at Modern American Poetry, Department of English, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
- Mona Van Duyn at the Academy of American Poets
- Mona Van Duyn at the St. Louis Walk of Fame
- Mona Van Duyn Web Guide at the Library of Congress