Moses Yale Beach
|Moses Yale Beach|
January 7, 1800|
|Died||July 18, 1868
|Known for||New York Sun
|Children||Alfred Ely Beach
Moses Sperry Beach
|Relatives||Elihu Yale, cousin
Brewster Yale Beach, great great grandson
Moses Yale Beach (January 7, 1800 – July 18, 1868) was an American inventor and publisher who started the Associated Press.
He was born in Wallingford, Connecticut. His father was a plain farmer, and gave him an ordinary education. He early showed a mechanical aptitude, and at 14 was apprenticed to a cabinetmaker. Before his term was up, he purchased his freedom and established a cabinet making business in Northampton, Massachusetts. The business failed, and he moved to Springfield. There he endeavored to manufacture a gunpowder engine for propelling balloons; but this enterprise was also a failure. He next attempted to open steam navigation on Connecticut river between Hartford and Springfield, and would have succeeded if financial difficulties had not obliged him to cease operations before his steamer was completed.
He then invented a rag-cutting machine for paper mills. The invention was widely used, but Beach derived no pecuniary benefit due to his tardiness in applying for a patent. He then settled in Ulster County, New York, where he invested in an extensive paper mill. At first he was successful, and after six years was wealthy; but after seven years an imprudent investment dispersed his fortune, and he was compelled to abandon his enterprise.
In the meantime though, he had married the sister of the founder and proprietor of the New York Sun, Benjamin Day. In 1835, he acquired an interest in the paper, then small, both in the size of its sheet and circulation. And with a $40,000 payment, he soon became sole proprietor.
During the Mexican–American War, U.S. President James K. Polk sent him to Mexico to arrange a treaty of peace; but the negotiations were broken off by a false report announcing the defeat of General Zachary Taylor by Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
He retired in 1857 with an ample fortune, and left the paper to his sons. He then returned to Wallingford. He was married twice and left five sons, Moses Sperry, Henry, Alfred Ely, Joseph and William, and one daughter.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- "Moses Y. Beach". New York Times. July 21, 1868. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
Moses Yale Beach died suddenly Sunday morning at Wallingford, Conn,, where he was born, Jan. 7, 1800. In 1814 he was apprenticed to a cabinetmaker in Hartford, Conn., whom he served for four years, and then, purchasing his freedom, went into the cabinet business on his own account at Northampton, Mass.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Beach, Moses Yale". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.