Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar

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Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar
Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar.JPG
Minister of Interior
In office
9 August 2009 – 15 August 2013
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Deputy Ali Javadi
Mohammad Ardakani
Preceded by Sadegh Mahsouli
Succeeded by Abdolreza Rahmani
Minister of Defense
In office
9 August 2005 – 9 August 2009
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Deputy Ahmad Vahidi
Preceded by Ali Shamkhani
Succeeded by Ahmad Vahidi
Personal details
Born (1956-12-02) 2 December 1956 (age 58)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Military service
Allegiance Iran Iran
Service/branch IRGC-Seal.svg IRGC Ground Forces
Years of service 1981-2009
Rank 18- Sartipp-IRGC.png Brigadier General

Mostafa Mohammad Najjar (Persian: مصطفى محمد نجّار‎, born 2 December 1956) is an Iranian politician and former army general. He was interior minister of Iran from 2009 to 2013[1] and minister of defense in the first cabinet of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad from 2005 to 2009.[2] He is also a veteran of the IRGC.[3]

Early life[edit]

Najjar was born on 2 December 1956 in Tehran,[4] ethnicity Azerbaijani.[5] He graduated from K. N. Toosi University of Technology in 1977 and holds a BSc in Mechanical Engineering from Khajeh Nasir Toosi University of Technology (1984) and a master’s degree in strategic management from the University of Industrial Management (2004).[4][6]

Military career[edit]

Najjar joined the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (IRGC) when the body was established in 1979, where he was in charge of the Middle East Department, with Israel, Lebanon and the Persian Gulf as places of particular attention. As an IRGC commander, he served in Lebanon.[7]

Previous positions include:[8]

  • Staff Officer in the IRGC Central Command HQ responsible for the affairs of Sistan and Baluchestan Province.
  • IRGC’s Director of Cooperatives in 1981.
  • Acting Commander of the Weaponry Support Unit of the Ministry for IRGC Affairs and responsible for equipment and industrial technical assistance in Hadid industries.
  • Deputy Head of the Armament Section of the Military Industries Organization (MIO) from 1986 to 2007.
  • Head of the operational council of the arms industry group in the defense industries organization.
  • Head of the MIO's Munitions Section.

He was also active for military service in Kurdistan from 1980 to 1985 in the Iran-Iraq War and was appointed head of Saad by Yahya Rahim Safavi in 1995.[6]

Political career[edit]

Najjar was posted to the Parliament and ministry of defense by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in August 2005.[3] He received 191 to 62 of votes and became minister in 9 August 2005. He was minister until August 2009, when Ahmadinejad was reelected and appointed Mohammad-Najjar as minister of interior. He received 178 to 72 of votes and became minister to succeed Sadegh Mahsouli.

Activities and views[edit]

During his tenure as minister of defense, Najjar frequently attacked the West's nuclear abilities and fiercely defended Iran's right to advance its peaceful nuclear energy program.[9] According to his military philosophy, missile capabilities play an important role in the defense of Iran and in its overall military abilities. Najjar believes that "they serve the interests of stability and peace in the region" and are an integral part "…of the power of defense of the Islamic world."

According to Najjar (October 2007), "Iranian missiles are not a threat to any country, and they will only fall on the heads of those who attack Iranian territory."[10][11] In response to the test of the long-range surface-to-surface Sajil missile, Najjar said it was designed "…for deterrence and to safeguard the stability of the region."[12] Throughout his tenure, Najjar has focused on Iran's military-technological independence and on ensuring the country would not be dependent on the supply of weapons systems from other countries.[13] This was emphasized in his statement upon handing over the reigns of his position to his successor (September 2009):

After assuming the position of interior minister, Najjar gathered all the employees of the ministry, sharing both his worldview and the main tasks of the Ministry:

During his term, there were increasingly harsh punishments for dress code violations and morals. The enforcement of the dress code gained significant momentum and dedicated mechanisms and organizations were established to promote enforcement along with measures "…to strengthen the Islamic faith." Throughout his term, he has taken a hard line when it comes to suppressing protests and the opposition in Iran, referring to them as fitna, and saying that they were acting against the best interests of the Iranian people. In the middle of July 2010 demonstrations, he called in Iran's Law Enforcement Forces (LEF), warning against a "Velvet Revolution" and "imperialist plots."[16]

Najjar warned against activity on social networks and satellite channels: "The West is taking advantage of electronic systems and the virtual world to undermine the security of our society and break down the family unit in Iran. This is a matter which must be thoroughly investigated."[17] There has been an increase in Iran of monitoring of the Internet, arrests of bloggers and blocking of e-mail accounts.

At the same time, Najjar responded to the increased activity of the Sunni opposition (Jundallah) with a security clampdown on Iran's eastern borders. During his tenure, Najjar had to grapple with the assassination of Iranian nuclear scientists and said (July 2011) that "this issue is our top priority" and that his Ministry had implemented a special program to guard nuclear scientists."[18]

The tough and violent approach taken by Najjar during the repression of the protests after the 2009 elections put him and other senior Iranian officials on the U.S. designation for serious human rights abuses involving Iran. The Fact Sheet issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury stated the following about Najjar:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iran urges Pakistan to hand over rebel group leader". Reuters. 23 October 2009. Retrieved 16 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Iran unveils long-range missile". The Guardian. 27 November 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Haeri, Safa (5 August 2005). "Iran's new president presents and "undiscovered island"". Iran Press Service (Paris-Tehran). Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "A Brief Biography of Iran's New Ministers". Payvand. 7 September 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  5. ^ http://www.farhangname.org/مصطفی-محمد-نجار
  6. ^ a b "Guard Brigadier General Mostafa Mohammad Najjar", "Islamic Republic of Iran, Ministry of Defense"
  7. ^ Bar, Shmuel (2009). "Iranian terrorist policy and "export of revolution"". Interdisciplinary Center. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  8. ^ "Biography of Mostafa Mohammad Najjar"
  9. ^ “Americans Should be Sanctioned, “Fardanews”
  10. ^ “Iranian Advanced Missiles”, “Fardanews”
  11. ^ “Najjar: Iran's missiles down on rapists”, “Fardanews”
  12. ^ “Shahab-3 missile has a longer range than Sajil”, “Fardanews”
  13. ^ “Defense Minister attended the opening of five new systems”, “Fardanews”
  14. ^ “East and West, “Fardanews”
  15. ^ "The main tasks of the Ministry of Interior Minister", "Fardanews"
  16. ^ "Minister: There is no border control necessary", "Fardanews"
  17. ^ “Minister: Facebook, satellite and chat and are examples of soft war”, “Aftab News”
  18. ^ “Protection of the elites is government priority”, “Fardanews”
  19. ^ “New Executive Order Targeting Iranian Officials Responsible For Or Complicit In Serious Human Rights Abuses”, “US Treasury Press Center”, 29 September 2010
Political offices
Preceded by
Ali Shamkhani
Minister of Defense
2005–2009
Succeeded by
Ahmad Vahidi
Preceded by
Sadegh Mahsouli
Minister of Interior
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Abdolreza Rahmani