|Born||October 26, 1979
Argun, Chechen Republic, Soviet Union
|Died||October 26, 2002
|Other names||Movsar Suleimanov|
|Known for||Moscow hostage crisis|
Movsar Buharovich Barayev (Russian: Мовсар Бухарович Бараев) (October 26, 1979 - October 26, 2002), earlier known as Suleimanov, was a Chechen militia leader during the Second Chechen War, who led the seizure of a Moscow theater that led to the deaths of over 170 people.
Movsar Barayev, born 1979, was the nephew of the notorious Chechen warlord Arbi Barayev who allegedly worked under FSB guidance. After his uncle's death in June 2001 until his own, Movsar was the leader of a Chechen terrorist militia known as the Special Purpose Islamic Brigade (SPIR). Barayev junior was said to be a sworn enemy of the Chechen leader and elected president, Aslan Maskhadov. He used the nom-de-guerre of "Yassir".
He was incorrectly reported by the command of the Russian forces in Chechnya to have been killed on August 21, 2001, and again on October 12, 2002, eleven days prior to the Moscow theater crisis (this report of Barayev's death came from Colonel Boris Podoprigora, deputy commander of Russia's Joint Group Forces). It was also claimed that two months before the hostage-taking, the Russian GRU military intelligence had arrested Barayev and contained him "until his release had provided leads to the hostage taking at the Dubrovka theatre".
On October 23, 2002, Barayev and a mysterious man known as "Abu Bakar" led a group of some forty SPIR militants and their family members (who had dubbed themselves "the suicide squad from the 29th Division") to seize the theater in the Russian capital Moscow, demanding negotiations with Russian authorities for an end to the second war in Chechnya, withdrawal of Russian forces and Chechen independence, threatening to execute his hostages.
Movsar Barayev was killed on the third day of the crisis, when the Russian FSB special forces launched a chemical attack and stormed the theater. He died on his 23rd birthday. Barayev's bloodied corpse was shown by the Russian TV lying on the ground of the theater amid broken glass with an intact bottle of cognac near his hand. Later, the Russian authorities said his body was secretly buried in an undisclosed location.
- The Security Organs of the Russian Federation. A Brief History 1991-2004 by Jonathan Littell, Psan Publishing House 2006.
- Reputed Warlord Barayev Killed Transitions online, 15 October 2002
- "Young, ruthless leader heads new generation of guerrillas" The Guardian, October 25, 2002
- Who is Movsar Barayev? Gazeta, 24 October 2002
- Crimes of War > Chechnya Magazine: Brutality and Indifference
- The Moscow Hostage Crisis: An Analysis of Chechen Terrorist Goals
- Who is Movsar Barayev?, Gazeta.ru, 24 October 2002
- Chechen rebel an unlikely leader, San Francisco Chronicle, October 25, 2002
- Barayev Known More for Gun Exploits Than Religious Devotion, The Moscow Times, October 26, 2002
- The Man Who Would Be Martyred, TIME, Oct. 27, 2002
- A Son of Perestroika, Moscow News, October 30, 2002