Nakhon Ratchasima Province
|— Province —|
|• Governor||Rapee Phongbupakit|
|• Total||20,494.0 km2 (7,912.8 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 1st|
|• Rank||Ranked 2nd|
|• Density||130/km2 ( 330/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 34th|
|Human Development Index|
|• HDI (2010)||0.659 (medium)|
|Pattani control||1603|
|Accession into Federation of Malaya||1948|
Nakhon Ratchasima is positioned in the north-east of Thailand. It is bordered by Chaiyaphum to the north, Sa Kaeo to the south-east, Saraburi to the west, and Prachin Buri to the south. To the north-east of Nakhon Ratchasima is the Khon Kaen.
The name Khorat is said, by some, to be a corruption of nakhon rat, i.e. the Thai word for the royal kingdom. Other theories claim the name comes from the Indian word gorakhpur. Khorat was called Koreach (Khmer: គោរាជ) by the Khmer when it was under their influence.
The area around Khorat was already an important center in the times of the Khmer empire in the 11th century, as can be seen by the temple ruins in the Phimai historical park. Still, Nakhon Ratchasima Province is one of the provinces where there is a sizable Northern Khmer population.
A new walled-city with a surrounding moat, designated as Nakhon Ratchasima, was built in the seventeenth century by order of the King Narai, as the easternmost 'command post', guarding the Kingdom's border and supervising its Lao and Cambodian 'vassals'. It continued this duty during the Bangkok Period, although it was seized by deceit during Chao Anuwong of Vientiane's 1826 revolt against the King Rama III of Siam.
Nakhon Ratchasima has long been the most important political and economic center in the northeastern region. In the late nineteenth century, the railroad reached Khorat became the junction of two main rail lines in the Northeastern, Isan, region.
In 1933 it was the stronghold of the royalist troops in the Boworadej Revolt, against the new ostensibly democratic government in Bangkok.
In the 1970s, the province was the site of United States military bases supporting the Vietnam War.
The province is located on the western end of the Khorat Plateau, separated from the Chao Phraya river valley by the Phetchabun and Dong Phaya Yen mountain ranges. Two national parks are in the province - the Khao Yai in the west and the Thab Lan in the south. Both parks are in the forested mountains of the Sankamphaeng Range, the southern prolongation of the Dong Phaya Yen mountains
Nakhon Ratchasima, or "Khorat," is a large province on the northeastern plateau and acts as a gateway to other provinces in the Northeast. It is 259 kilometres (161 mi) from Bangkok and has an area of around 20,494 square kilometres (7,913 sq mi), making it the biggest Thai province. The province is rich in Khmer culture and has a long history.
In the early 1980s, trunk roads were built to link it with nearby provinces. Presently, one can travel by road from the capital city Bangkok to Nakhon Ratchasima through the mountain range within 5 hours.
The Khorat cuisine, heavily influenced by Lao cuisine, is quite popular among Thai. In fact, many visitors come to Nakhon Ratchasima just to taste the special delicacies that cannot be found elsewhere. The use of chili is a must in every Khorat kitchen, and thus most Khorat dishes are spicy.
Government structure of Nakhon Ratchasima 
- Amphoe Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima (เมืองนครราชสีมา)
- Amphoe Khon Buri (ครบุรี)
- Amphoe Soeng Sang (เสิงสาง)
- Amphoe Khong (คง)
- Amphoe Ban Lueam (บ้านหเลม)
- Amphoe Chakkarat (จักราช)
- Amphoe Chok Chai (โชตช้ย)
- Amphoe Dan Khun Thot (ด้านชุนทด)
- Amphoe Non Thai (โนนไทย)
- Amphoe Non Sung (โนนสุง)
- Amphoe Kham Sakaesaeng (ขามสเกแสง)
- Amphoe Bua Yai (บัวไหญ่)
- Amphoe Prathai (ประทาย)
- Amphoe Pak Thong Chai (ปักธงชัย)
- Amphoe Phimai (พิมาย)
- Amphoe Huai Thalaeng (ห้วยแถลง)
- Amphoe Chum Phuang (ชุมพวง)
- Amphoe Sung Noen (สูงเนิน)
- Amphoe Kham Thale So (ขามทะเลสอ)
- Amphoe Sikhio (สิคิ้ว)
- Amphoe Pak Chong (ปากช่อง)
- Amphoe Nong Bun Mak (หนองบุญมาก)
- Amphoe Kaeng Sanam Nang (แก้งสนามนาง)
- Amphoe Non Daeng (โนดแดง)
- Amphoe Wang Nam Khiao (วังนำ้เขียว)
- Amphoe Thepharak (เทพารักษ์)
- Amphoe Mueang Yang (เมืองยาง)
- AMphoe Phra Thong Kham (พระทองคำ)
- Amphoe Lam Thamenchai (ลำทะเมนชัย)
- Amphoe Bua Lai (บัวลาย)
- Amphoe Sida (สีดา)
- Amphoe Chaloem Phra Kiat (เฉลิมพระเกียรติ)
Ranking Population Nakhon Ratchasima.
|4||Dan Khun Thot||141,400|
|6||Pak Thong Chai||132,400|
- Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand
- Official website
- Nakhon Ratchasima provincial map, coat of arms and postal stamp
- 24th Southeast Asian Games Nakhon Ratchasima 2007 Website
||Lopburi Province||Chaiyaphum Province||Khon Kaen Province|
|Saraburi Province||Buriram Province|
|Nakhon Nayok Province||Prachin Buri Province||Sa Kaew Province|