List of national parks of Thailand

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Haeo Suwat waterfall in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand's first national park, designated in 1961.

National parks in Thailand (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติ) are defined as an area that contains natural resources of ecological importance or unique beauty, or flora and fauna of special importance. Currently there are 127 national parks (including 22 marine national parks, อุทยานแห่งชาติทางทะเล). Often forest parks (วนอุทยาน) are miscalled as national parks as well.

The parks are administrated by the National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department (DNP), of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE). The department was newly created in 2002, and took over the national parks from the Royal Forest Department of the Ministry of Agriculture.

The first national park was Khao Yai in 1961, when the National Park Act B.E. 2504 was passed. The first marine park was Khao Sam Roi Yot, established in 1966. In 1993 the administration of the national parks was split into two divisions, one for the terrestrial and one for the Marine National Park Division (MNPD).[1]

Controversies about Thailand's national parks include excessive development and private concessions. Ko Samet, and other island-based national parks, are particularly impacted by private concessions, often in the form of excessive bungalow developments. Further, many of the northern parks are greatly impacted by illegal swidden farming and poaching.

There are 33 national parks and three marine parks in the process of creation, and are scheduled to be officially gazetted in the future.

National parks of Thailand[edit]

A view over Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park in Loei, Phitsanulok and Phetchabun provinces.
Wachirathan (lit. "Diamond Creek") waterfall on Doi Inthanon, the highest mountain in Thailand.
Khao Yai National Park is the second largest in Thailand, covering an area of 2,168 square kilometers.
Phraya Nakhon Cave in Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park, Thailand's first national marine park.
One of the many beaches of Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park
Name Province Area (km²) Date created Source
Doi Inthanon Chiang Mai 482.4 1954 [1]
Doi Pha Hom Pok Chiang Mai 524 [2]
Doi Suthep–Pui Chiang Mai 261.06 1981 [3]
Huai Nam Dang Chiang Mai 1252.12 [4]
Khun Khan Chiang Mai 208 [5]
Mae Wang Chiang Mai[2] 120 [6]
Op Luang Chiang Mai 553 1991 [7]
Pha Daeng Chiang Mai 1154.92 2000 [8]
Si Lanna Chiang Mai 1406 1989 [9]
Doi Luang Chiang Rai, Phayao, Lampang 1170 [10]
Khun Chae Chiang Rai 270 1995 [11]
Chae Son Lampang 592 1988 [12]
Mae Wa Lampang, Tak 587 2000 [13]
Doi Khun Tan Lamphun 255.29 1975 [14]
Mae Ping Lamphun, Tak, Chiang Mai 1003.75 [15]
Namtok Mae Surin Mae Hong Son 396.6 1981 [16]
Salawin Mae Hong Son 721.52 [17]
Tham Pla–Namtok Pha Suea Mae Hong Son 511 [18]
Doi Phu Kha Nan 1704 [19]
Khun Nan Nan 208 [20]
Mae Charim Nan 432 [21]
Si Nan Nan 1024 [22]
Doi Phu Nang Phayao 860 [23]
Mae Puem Phayao, Chiang Rai 350.948 [24]
Phu Sang Phayao, Chiang Rai 284.88 [25]
Doi Pha Klong Phrae 189 [26]
Mae Yom Phrae 454.75 [27]
Wiang Kosai Phrae, Lampang 410 [28]
Lam Nam Nan Uttaradit, Phrae 999.15 1998 [29]
Phu Soi Dao Uttaradit 340 [30]
Ton Sak Yai Uttaradit 520 [31]
Ta Phraya Buriram, Sakaeo 594 [32]
Pa Hin Ngam Chaiyaphum 112 1994 [33]
Phu Laenkha Chaiyaphum 201 [34]
Sai Thong Chaiyaphum 319 [35]
Tat Ton Chaiyaphum 217.18 1980 [36]
Nam Phong Khon Kaen, Chaiyaphum 197 [37]
Phu Kao–Phu Phan Kham Khon Kaen 322 [38]
Phu Pha Man Khon Kaen, Loei 340 [39]
Phu Wiang Khon Kaen 325 1991 [40]
Phu Kradueng Loei 348.12 1962 [41]
Phu Ruea Loei 120.84 [42]
Phu Suan Sai Loei 117.16 1991 [43]
Phu Pha Thoep Mukdahan 48.5 [44]
Phu Sa Dok Bua Mukdahan, Ubon Ratchathani, Yasothon 231 [45]
Phu Langka Nakhon Phanom, Nong Khai 50 [46]
Khao Yai Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Prachinburi 2168.635 1962 [47]
Phu Pha Lek Sakon Nakhon, Ubon Ratchathani 404 [48]
Phu Pha Yon Sakon Nakhon, Nakhon Phanom, Mukdahan 828.56 1987 [49]
Phu Phan Sakon Nakhon, Kalasin 664.7 [50]
Khao Phra Wihan Sisaket, Ubon Ratchathani 130 1998 [51]
Kaeng Tana Ubon Ratchathani 80 1981 [52]
Pha Taem Ubon Ratchathani 350 [53]
Phu Chong–Na Yoi Ubon Ratchathani 686 [54]
Khlong Lan Kamphaeng Phet 300 1985 [55]
Khlong Wang Chao Kamphaeng Phet, Tak 747 1990 [56]
Mae Wong Kamphaeng Phet, Nakhon Sawan 894 1987 [57]
Khao Kho Phetchabun 483 [58]
Nam Nao Phetchabun 966 1972 [59]
Tat Mok Phetchabun 290 1998 [60]
Namtok Chat Trakan Phitsanulok 543 [61]
Phu Hin Rong Kla Phitsanulok, Loei 307 1984 [62]
Thung Salaeng Luang Phitsanulok, Phetchabun 1262.4 1972 [63]
Namtok Sam Lan Saraburi 44.57 1981 [64]
Ramkhamhaeng Sukhothai 341 1980 [65]
Si Satchanalai Sukhothai 213.2 1981 [66]
Phu Toei Suphanburi 317.48 1987 [67]
Khao Khitchakut Chanthaburi 58.31 1977 [68]
Khao Sip Ha Chan Chanthaburi 118 [69]
Namtok Phlio Chanthaburi 134.5 1975 [70]
Thap Lan Prachinburi, Nakhon Ratchasima 2235.8 1981 [71]
Khao Chamao–Khao Wong Rayong, Chanthaburi 83.68 1975 [72]
Khao Laem Ya–Mu Ko Sameta Rayong 131 1981 [73]
Pang Sida Sa Kaeo, Prachinburi 844 1982 [74]
Mu Ko Changa Trat 650 1982 [75]
Namtok Khlong Kaeo Trat 198 [76]
Chaloem Rattanakosin Kanchanaburi 59 1980 [77]
Erawan Kanchanaburi 549.98 [78]
Khao Laem Kanchanaburi 1497 1987 [79]
Khuean Srinagarindra Kanchanaburi 1532 1981 [80]
Lam Khlong Ngu Kanchanaburi 673 [81]
Sai Yok Kanchanaburi 500 1980 [82]
Thong Pha Phum Kanchanaburi 1120 [83]
Kaeng Krachan Phetchaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan 2914.7 1981 [84]
Hat Wanakona Prachuap Khiri Khan 38 1992 [85]
Khao Sam Roi Yota Prachuap Khiri Khan 98.08 1966 [86]
Kui Buri Prachuap Khiri Khan 969 [87]
Namtok Huai Yang Prachuap Khiri Khan 161 1991 [88]
Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan Ratchaburi 329 [89]
Khun Phawo Tak 220 [90]
Lan Sang Tak 104 1978 [91]
Mae Moei Tak 185.28 1990 [92]
Taksin Maharat Tak 149 1981 [93]
Mu Ko Chumphona Chumphon 317 1999 [94]
Hat Noppharat Thara–Mu Ko Phi Phia Krabi 387.9 1983 [95]
Khao Phanom Bencha Krabi 50.12 [96]
Mu Ko Lantaa Krabi 134 1990 [97]
Than Bok Khorania Krabi 104 1998 [98]
Khao Luang Nakhon Si Thammarat 570 1974 [99]
Khao Nan Nakhon Si Thammarat 410 [100]
Namtok Yong Nakhon Si Thammarat 205 [101]
Namtok Si Khit Nakhon Si Thammarat, Surat Thani 145 1999 [102]
Budo–Su-ngai Padi Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala 341 1974 [103]
Namtok Sai Khao Pattani, Yala, Songkhla 70 [104]
Ao Phang-ngaa Phang Nga 400 1981[2] [105]
Khao Lak–Lam Rua Phang Nga 125 1991 [106]
Khao Lampi–Hat Thai Mueanga Phang Nga 72 1986 [107]
Mu Ko Similana Phang Nga 140 1982 [108]
Mu Ko Surina Phang Nga 135 1981 [109]
Si Phang-nga Phang Nga 246.08 1988 [110]
Khao Pu–Khao Ya Phattalung 694 [111]
Sirinata Phuket 90 1981 [112]
Laem Sona Ranong 315 1983 [113]
Lam Nam Kra Buria Ranong 160 1999 [114]
Mu Ko Ranonga Ranong 357 [115]
Namtok Ngao Ranong, Chumphon 668 [116]
Mu Ko Phetraa Satun, Trang 494.38 1984 [117]
Tarutaoa Satun 1490 1976 [118]
Thale Bana Satun 196 1980 [119]
Khao Nam Khang Songkhla 212 [120]
Kaeng Krung Surat Thani 541 1990 [121]
Khao Sok Surat Thani 738.74 1980 [122]
Khlong Phanom Surat Thani 410.4 2000 [123]
Mu Ko Ang Thonga Surat Thani 102 1980 [124]
Tai Rom Yen Surat Thani 425 1991 [125]
Hat Chao Maia Trang 230.87 1981 [126]
Bang Lang Yala 261 [127]

a Marine parks

Not yet gazetted[edit]

The beach at the under-development Hat Khanom - Mu Ko Thale Tai National Park.
A Siam Tulip (Curcuma alismatifolia) in the proposed Pa Hin Ngam National Park in Chaiyaphum Province.
Name Province Area (km²)
Mae Ngao Mae Hong Son, Tak, Chiang Mai 412
Op Khan Chiang Mai 484
Than Sadet–Ko Pha-ngan Surat Thani 65.93
Hat Khanom–Mu Ko Thale Tai Nakhon Si Thammarat, Surat Thani 739
Ao Manao–Khao Tanyong Narathiwat 37
Mu Ko Ra–Ko Phra Thong Phang Nga 642
Namtok Sipo Narathiwat, Pattani 289
San Kala Khiri Songkhla, Yala 215
Namtok Chet Sao Noi Saraburi 28
Na Yung–Nam Som Udon Thani, Loei, Nong Khai 344
Lam Nam Kok Chiang Rai 733
Doi Wiang Pha Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai 583
Mae Takhrai Chiang Mai 1114
Mae Tho Chiang Mai 491
Namtok Pha Charoen Tak 855
Khun Sathan Nan 419
Tham Sakoen Nan 248
Nanthaburi Nan 877
Kaeng Chet Khwae Phitsanulok 261
Doi Chong Lampang, Lamphun 332
Tham Pha Thai Lampang 1214

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meprasert, Somrudee; Oregon State University (2006). The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Tourism impacts and recovery progress in Thailand's marine national parks. ProQuest. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-0-542-96361-2. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/travel/5651_info_mae-wang-national-park.html

External links[edit]