Narungga

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Historical extent of traditional Narungga territory.

The Narungga are a group of Indigenous Australians whose traditional lands are located on Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. The boundary of their traditional lands runs roughly between the towns of Port Broughton and Port Wakefield.[1]

They were a nomadic people who practiced fire-stick farming to flush out wildlife and control vegetation. Their diet also included seafood; their expertise at fishing was much admired by early European settlers and a variety of fish species were often traded for tobacco and other goods.[1]

Soon after the establishment of Adelaide in 1836, settlers began moving into Yorke Peninsula. The British concepts of property ownership were incompatible with the Narrunga's nomadic lifestyle, resulting in the gradual displacement of the indigenous population. In 1868, the Point Pearce Aboriginal Mission was established by the Moravian missionary Julius Khun. After ten years, the mission was largely self-sufficient. Many of the buildings remain today.[1]

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