Nevada Department of Corrections
|Nevada Department of Corrections|
|Patch of the Nevada Department of Corrections.|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||State of Nevada, USA|
|Map of Nevada Department of Corrections's jurisdiction.|
|Size||110,567 square miles (286,370 km2)|
|Population||2,700,551 (2010 Census)|
|Headquarters||Carson City, Nevada|
|Agency executive||Greg Cox, Director|
|Nevada DOC Website|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
In 1862, the first prison in Nevada was created by the Territorial Legislature. The Legislature leased the property of the Warm Springs Hotel, just east of Carson City, for use as a Prison. This property was owned by Abraham Curry, who operated the Warm Springs Hotel on the property, which was also the meeting place of the Territorial Legislature. This prison is located on what is now Fifth Street in Carson. Curry became the first Warden of the Prison. A quarry on the site of the Prison was used for stone for the State Capitol and other public buildings. It also provided materials for the construction of the Prison and was the major work activity for inmates for many years.
In 1864, the Territorial Legislature purchased the site of the Prison from Curry and an additional 20 acres (8.1 ha) for $80,000. Nevada became a State in October of that year, and the new constitution provided that the Lieutenant Governor of the State also served as the Warden of the Prison. The Governor, Secretary of State, and the Attorney General were named as the Board of Prison Commissioners, an arrangement that continues today.
In May 1870, a substantial portion of the prison burned and construction of new facilities began immediately, using the native stone and inmate labor. Portions of that early construction are still visible in the current structure of the Prison. This Nevada State Prison remained the only state correctional facility in Nevada for many decades. Both men and women were housed in the facility, in separate areas. Expansion of the Prison began in the early 1960s with the construction of a second facility on Carson City, which became the Northern Nevada correctional Center. A separate institution was also constructed next to the Nevada State Prison, for the separate housing of female offenders. The construction of the first facility in the Las Vegas area was completed in early 1978.
There are presently nine major institutions; one restitution center; one re-entry center; 10 conservation camps; and one Boot Camp operated by the Department of Corrections.
Correction Officers (C/O's) are SWORN Peace Officers and are recognized under the Nevada Revised Statutes (NRS's). Correctional Cadets undergo a hiring process through the department's personnel unit in Carson City, Las Vegas and Ely, Nevada. Written, physical and psychological exams are administered before a person can enter the 14 week academy. Upon acceptance, an enrollee is now a CO/T (correctional officer trainee.) Trainees must attend and successfully complete didactic (classroom) and physical training. Upon academy graduation, CO/T's are assigned to institutions and are of probationary status. According to the NRS's, the definition of any probationary employee means the person may be terminated at any time for any-or no reason.
The Nevada Department of Corrections utilizes five custody levels. These custody levels are:
- Maximum - This is the most restrictive custody level in the Department. These inmates may not exit their cells without constant, direct supervision. They have a very high potential for violence, and are generally segregated from one another.
- Close - This level is assigned to inmates who require housing in a very secure institution or who require frequent, direct supervision. These are inmates with a high potential for misconduct or escape.
- Medium - This is the largest custody category of inmates. This is the custody assigned to inmates who would be an escape risk if they were not inside a secure institution, but who are expected to behave without constant, direct supervision. These are the general population inmates of most institutions.
- Minimum - This custody is used for inmates who are not considered escape risks when supervised. When they are away from their assigned facility, they must be supervised by a State employee. The facilities they live in do not have gun towers or barrier fences.
- Community - This is the least restrictive level, and generally applies to inmates assigned to restitution centers or to State government jobs in Carson City. These inmates are not supervised when they are away from their assigned facility.
Inmates not confined to institutions, yet still monitored by the Department of Corrections are assigned to Residential Confinement. These inmates meet a strict criminal history and behavioral criteria and are supervised by the Division of Parole & Probation. In this program inmates live in their residence and work in the community. When not at work or authorized appointments the inmates remain in their residence under electronic surveillance
The death row for men is located at Ely State Prison. The death row for women is in the Florence McClure Women's Correctional Center (previously Southern Nevada Women's Correctional Center). The execution chamber is in Nevada State Prison, which is located in Carson City. Nevada executes inmates via lethal injection. The process is carried out in the former gas chamber.
Since the establishment of the Nevada Department of Corrections (1862), two officers have died in the line of duty.
- List of United States state correction agencies
- List of law enforcement agencies in Nevada
- Denver S. Dickerson
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- "Contact Us." Nevada Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- Nevada Department of Corrections History section
- Nevada Department of Corrections Organization page
- "Organization." Nevada Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 5, 2010.
- "Lone woman on Nevada's death row dies in prison." Associated Press at North County Times. January 31, 2005. Retrieved on September 5, 2010.
- Officer Down Memorial Page