Crimes and Misdemeanors

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Crimes and Misdemeanors
Crimes and misdemeanors2.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Woody Allen
Produced by Robert Greenhut
Written by Woody Allen
Starring Caroline Aaron
Alan Alda
Woody Allen
Claire Bloom
Mia Farrow
Joanna Gleason
Anjelica Huston
Martin Landau
Jenny Nichols
Jerry Orbach
Sam Waterston
Music by Franz Schubert
Cinematography Sven Nykvist
Edited by Susan E. Morse
Distributed by Orion Pictures
Release dates
  • October 13, 1989 (1989-10-13) (United States)
  • April 24, 2010 (2010-04-24) (TCM Classic Film Festival)
[1]
Running time 104 minutes [2]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $19 million
Box office $18,254,702[3]

Crimes and Misdemeanors is a 1989 existential drama written, directed by and co-starring Woody Allen, alongside Martin Landau, Mia Farrow, Anjelica Huston, Jerry Orbach, Alan Alda, Sam Waterston and Joanna Gleason.

The film was met with critical acclaim and was nominated for three Academy Awards: Woody Allen, for Best Director; Martin Landau, for Best Actor in a Supporting Role; and Allen again, for Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen.

Plot[edit]

The story follows two main characters: Judah Rosenthal, a successful ophthalmologist, and Clifford Stern, a small-time filmmaker.

Judah, a respectable family man, is having an affair with flight attendant Dolores Paley. After it becomes clear to her that Judah will not end his marriage, Dolores, scorned, threatens to inform his wife of their affair. Dolores's letter to Miriam is intercepted and destroyed by Judah, but she sustains the pressure on him with her threats of revelation. She is also aware of some questionable financial deals Judah has made, which adds to his stress. He confides in a patient, Ben, a rabbi who is rapidly losing his eyesight. Ben advises openness and honesty between Judah and his wife, but Judah does not wish to imperil his marriage. Desperate, Judah turns to his brother, Jack, who hires a hitman to kill Dolores. Before her corpse is discovered, Judah retrieves letters and other items from her apartment (where he sees her bloody corpse) in order to cover his tracks. Stricken with guilt, Judah turns to the religious teachings he had rejected, believing for the first time that a just God is watching him and passing judgment.

Cliff, meanwhile, has been hired by his pompous brother-in-law, Lester, a successful television producer, to make a documentary celebrating Lester's life and work. Cliff grows to despise him. While filming and mocking the subject, Cliff falls in love with Lester's associate producer, Halley Reed (Mia Farrow).

Despondent over his failing marriage to Lester's sister Wendy, he woos Halley, showing her footage from his ongoing documentary about Prof. Louis Levy (the psychologist Martin S. Bergmann[4]), a renowned philosopher. He makes sure Halley is aware that he is shooting Lester's documentary merely for the money so he can finish his more meaningful project with Levy.

Cliff's dislike for Lester become evident in a first screening of the film. It juxtaposes footage of Lester with clownish poses of Benito Mussolini addressing a throng of supporters from a balcony. It also depicts Lester yelling at his employees and clumsily making a pass at an attractive young actress.

Cliff learns that Professor Levy, whom he had been profiling on the strength of his celebration of life, has committed suicide, leaving a curt note, "I've gone out the window." When Halley visits to comfort him, he makes a pass at her, which she gently rebuffs, telling him she isn't ready for romance in her life.

Adding to Cliff's burdens, Halley leaves for London, where Lester is offering her a producing job; when she returns several months later, Cliff is astounded to discover that she and Lester are engaged. Hearing that Lester sent Halley a bouquet of white roses every week they were in London, Cliff is crestfallen as he realizes he is incapable of that kind of ostentatious display. His last romantic gesture to Halley had been a love letter which, he admits with humor, he had plagiarized from James Joyce.

In the final scene, Judah and Cliff meet by happenstance at the wedding of the daughter of rabbi Ben, who is Cliff's brother-in-law and Judah's patient. Once deeply anguished by the murder he arranged, Judah has worked through his guilt and is enjoying life once more; the murder had been blamed on a drifter with a record. He draws Cliff into a supposedly hypothetical discussion that draws upon his moral quandary. Judah says that with time, any crisis will pass; but Cliff morosely claims instead that one is forever fated to bear one's burdens for "crimes and misdemeanors."

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

After viewing the first cut of the film, Allen decided to throw out the first act, call back actors for reshoots, and focus on what turned out to be the central story.[5][clarification needed]

Music[edit]

Allen makes use of classical and jazz music in many of the film's scenes. The soundtrack includes Franz Schubert's String Quartet No. 15 (a recording by the Juilliard Quartet), which is used in the scenes leading up to Dolores' death, and Judah discovering her body.

Influences[edit]

The outline of Judah's moral dilemma - whether a person can continue with his everyday life with knowledge of having committed a murder - evokes [6] the pivotal idea of Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (and provides a resolution opposite to one in the novel). The theme would be revisited by Allen in his films Match Point and Cassandra's Dream. The character of both Judah and his gangster brother were said to be influenced by a Jewish medical student who attended NYU with one of Marshall Brickman's relatives.

Reception[edit]

Crimes and Misdemeanors received positive reviews; it currently holds a 93% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, and a 77/100 weighted average score on Metacritic, which translates to "generally favorable reviews".[7] In a poll of Empire magazine's poll of the 500 greatest movies of all time, the film was ranked number 267.[8]

In 2010, it was the first film to win the 20/20 Award for Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay (Woody Allen), and Best Supporting Actor (Martin Landau). It also received three additional nominations for Best Director (Woody Allen), Best Supporting Actor (Jerry Orbach) and Best Supporting Actress (Anjelica Huston).

In October 2013, the film was voted by the Guardian readers as the third best film directed by Woody Allen.[9]

Box office[edit]

The film grossed a domestic total of $18,254,702.[3]

Release[edit]

Home media[edit]

Crimes and Misdemeanors was released through MGM Home Entertainment on DVD June 5, 2001. A limited edition Blu-ray of 3,000 units was later released by Twilight Time on February 11, 2014.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989) - Release dates". Internet Movie Database. Amazon.com. 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  2. ^ "CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 1989-12-06. Retrieved 2012-03-01. 
  3. ^ a b Crimes and Misdemeanors at Box Office Mojo
  4. ^ In the Shadow of Moloch, New York Times Book Review 98, 1993: 43, retrieved 2012-03-27 
  5. ^ "2046". Chicago Sun-Times. 
  6. ^ Mary P. Nichols, Reconstructing Woody: Art, Love, and Life in the Films of Woody Allen (Rowman and Littlefield, 2000) ISBN 978-0-8476-8990-3, pp 149-164 (Part 10 The Ophthalmologist and the Filmmaker)
  7. ^ Crimes and Misdemeanors at Rotten Tomatoes
  8. ^ http://www.empireonline.com/500/45.asp
  9. ^ "The 10 best Woody Allen films". The Guardian. October 4, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Crimes And Misdemeanors (1989) (Blu-Ray)". Screen Archives Entertainment. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]