Radeon HD 6000 Series

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AMD Radeon HD 6000 Series
AMD Radeon logo
Release date October 22, 2010
Codename(s) Northern Islands
Vancouver
Transistors
Fabrication
  • 292M 40 nm (Cedar)
  • 370M 40 nm (Caicos)
  • 716M 40 nm (Turks)
  • 1,040M 40 nm (Juniper)
  • 1,700M 40 nm (Barts)
  • 2,640M 40 nm (Cayman)
Entry-level cards 64xx - 66xx
Mid-range cards 67xx
High-end cards 68xx - 6970
Enthusiast cards 6990
Direct3D support Direct3D 11
Shader Model 5.0
OpenCL support OpenCL 1.2
OpenGL support OpenGL 4.3
Predecessor Radeon HD 5000 Series
Successor Radeon HD 7000 Series

The Northern Islands series is a family of GPUs developed by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) for its Radeon line, based on the 40 nm process.[clarification needed]

Starting with this family, the former ATI brand was officially discontinued in favor of making a correlation between the graphics products and the AMD branding for computing platforms (the CPUs and chipsets). Therefore, the AMD brand was used as the replacement. The logo for graphics products and technologies also received a minor makeover (using design elements of the 2010 AMD VISION logo).

Its direct competitor was Nvidia's GeForce 500 Series; they were launched approximately a month apart.

Architecture[edit]

The 5-way VLIW Architecture which was introduced with the Radeon HD 2000 Series was reused for all models of this series except from the HD 6900 models which feature a 4-way VLIW Architecture.

Products[edit]

The 6800 series was the first batch of the Radeon 6000 series. Codenamed ''Northern Islands'',[1] this series was released on October 22, 2010 after brief delays. Over the following months, the budget, midrange, and high-end cards were filled into the series.

Radeon HD 6400[edit]

Codenamed Caicos, this entry-level GPU was released along with Turks on February 7, 2011. The sole Caicos product is the Radeon HD 6450, meant to replace the HD 5450. Compared to the 5450, it has double the stream processors, GDDR5 support, along with new Northern Island technologies.

Radeon HD 6500/6600[edit]

Codenamed Turks, these entry-level GPUs were released on February 7, 2011. The Turks family includes Turks PRO and Turks XT which are marketed as HD 6570 and HD 6670 respectively. They were originally released to OEMs only, but later released to retail.

The Radeon HD 6570 and 6670 are minor upgrades of their Evergreen counterparts, the HD 5570 and 5670. Turks GPUs contain 80 more stream processors and 4 more texture units. They have also been upgraded to support the new technologies found in the Northern Islands GPUs such as HDMI 1.4a, UVD3, and stereoscopic 3D.

Radeon HD 6700[edit]

Codenamed Barts LE, the Radeon HD 6790 was released on April 5, 2011. There is one retail product available, the Radeon HD 6790. Barts uses shaders of the same 5-way VLIW architecture as HD 5000 series.

  • HD 6790 has 800 stream processors at 840 MHz, a 256-bit memory interface and 1 GB GDDR5 DRAM at 1 GHz with maximum power draw of 150W. Performance is superior to the NVIDIA GTX 550 Ti and Radeon HD 5770, less powerful than the Radeon HD 6850 and close to the GTX 460 768MB and Radeon HD 5830.

AMD has confirmed that the HD 6700 cards use the Juniper XT and Juniper Pro cores from the HD 5700 series, and therefore they are not formally Northern Islands GPUs. Thus 6770 and 6750 are essentially the 5770 and 5750 respectively, with label being the main difference. There are a few enhancements to the 5700 series including:

  • In the HD 6000-series cards, AMD’s Universal Video Decoder was upgraded to version 3.0 which supported Blu-ray 3D codecs, hardware decoding for DivX / XviD and a list of other improvements. The HD 6750 and HD 6770 adds the MVC decode capability of UVD 3.0, but not the rest of the UVD 3.0 features.[2]
  • According to AMD, these cards have been upgraded to support HDMI 1.4a but without the 3D features brought forward by UVD 3.0.

Radeon HD 6800[edit]

Codenamed Barts, the Radeon HD 6800 series was released on October 22, 2010. Products include Radeon HD 6850 and Radeon HD 6870. Barts uses shaders of the same 5-way VLIW architecture as HD 5000 series.[3]

  • HD 6850 has 960 stream processors at 775 MHz, a 256-bit memory interface and 1 GB GDDR5 DRAM at 1 GHz with maximum power draw of 127 W. Compared to competitors, performance falls in line with the 1 GB cards of the Nvidia GeForce GTX 460. Compared to predecessor graphics of the Radeon 5800 series, the 6850 is significantly faster than the Radeon HD 5830 and close to the performance of the Radeon HD 5850. A single 6-pin PCIe power connector requirement makes it suitable for most power supplies.
  • HD 6870 has 1120 stream processors at 900 MHz(most GPUs are able to run with 980-1000 MHz), a 256-bit memory interface and 1 GB GDDR5 DRAM at 1.05 GHz (can be overclocked to 1.2 GHz (4.8 GHz effective)) with a maximum power draw of 151 W. Performance is superior to the GeForce GTX 460, comparable to the GeForce GTX 560, and less than the GeForce GTX 560 Ti. HD 6870x2 with two Barts XT GPUs by Powercolor has 2GB GDDR5 DRAM, 256 x2 bit memory interface and needs twice the power (two 8 pin connectors from a 650 W PSU)more than a HD 6870 graphics card. Having computational power nearly 4.1 TFLOPS is available at stores priced at 500$+ with the same clock rates. Compared to predecessor graphics cards of the Radeon 5800 series, the 6870 is faster than the HD 5850 and close to the performance of the Radeon HD 5870.[4]
  • The HD6870X2 card from Powercolor could crossfire with another 6870 to remove microstutter & increase the performance to similar levels seen in the HD6990/GTX590 for less cost. 2 of the HD6870X2 cards could crossfire as well which resulted in a further increase in performance putting it to similar level of performance to 2 HD6970 or GTX580s.[5]

Radeon HD 6900[edit]

This family includes three different high-end products.

Codenamed Cayman, the Radeon HD 6900 series was expected to be released on November 12, 2010. These release dates were pushed further back and Cayman was released on December 15, 2010. Products include Radeon HD 6950 and Radeon HD 6970. Cayman is based on new 4-way VLIW architecture, which was chosen over AMD's older VLIW5 in order to reduce complexity in the design of AMD's stream processors. Studies showed that few applications fully leveraged the extra stage in a VLIW5 SP. Reducing the stream processors to VLIW4 allows AMD to save on transistors for each individual SP and add more overall in the future.[6]

  • In games, the performance of HD 6970 is comparable to the NVIDIA GeForce GTX 570 and GTX 480. The Radeon HD 6950 is slightly slower than the 6970, comparable to slightly faster than the GTX 560 Ti and faster than the HD 5870. The HD 6950 was further discovered to be nearly identical to the 6970 in core design, though the 6950 has lower rated GDDR5 memory. Other than that, the two only differed in BIOS flashed software. As such, a BIOS flash would essentially upgrade the 6950 to a 6970. This was later addressed by AMD and its partners by laser cutting the extra cores (rather than simply disabling them in BIOS), and/or using non-reference card designs that would not work with a 6970 BIOS. Some 6950s can still be "unlocked", but it is much more difficult, requiring careful card selection and custom BIOS.
  • Codenamed Antilles, the Enthusiast dual-GPU (dual-6970) Radeon HD 6990 was launched on March 9, 2011. It features an 830 MHz reference engine clock speed, 3072 stream processors, 5.1 TFLOPS computing performance, 192 texture units, 4 GB of GDDR5 frame buffer (DRAM), and 375 W maximum board power.[7]
  • The AMD Radeon HD 6990 (As with some other 6000 Series AMD Cards) comes with a dual BIOS switch. This enables what some claim to be a hidden 'AMD Uber Mode', however it is used most commonly as a backup when flashing the BIOS. (The same method used to flash the HD 6950 to appear as a HD 6970)[8]

Chipset table[edit]

Northern Islands (HD 6xxx) Series[edit]

  • All models up to and including HD 6870 are based on the VLIW5 ISA
  • HD 6900 models are based on the VLIW4 ISA.
  • All models support DirectX 11.0, OpenGL 4.3, OpenCL 1.2
Model Launch Codename Fab (nm) Transistors (Million) Die Size (mm2) Bus interface Memory (MiB) Clock rate Config core Fillrate Memory Processing Power
GFLOPS
TDP (W) GFLOPS/W
Single Precision
Release Price (USD)
Core (MHz) Memory (MHz) Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) Single Precision Double Precision Idle Max.
Radeon HD 6350 Apr 7, 2011 Cedar 40 292 59 PCIe 2.1 ×16 512 650 800 80:8:4 2.6 5.2 12.8 DDR3 64 104 No 6.4 19.1 5.45 $23
Radeon HD 6450 Feb 7, 2011 (OEM) Caicos 40 370 67 PCIe 2.1 ×16 512 625
750
533
800
160:8:4 2.5
3.0
5.0
6.0
8.5
12.8
DDR3 64 200
240
No 9 18
27
11.11
13.33
OEM
Radeon HD 6450 Apr 7, 2011 Caicos 40 370 67 PCIe 2.1 ×16 512
1024
2048
625
750
800
900
160:8:4 2.5
3.0
5.0
6.0
25.6
28.8
GDDR5 64 200
240
No 9 18
27
7.41
8.89
$55
Radeon HD 6570 Feb 7, 2011 (OEM) Turks PRO 40 716 118 PCIe 2.1 ×16 1024 650 900 480:24:8 5.2 15.6 28.8 DDR3 128 624 No 10 44 14.18 OEM
Radeon HD 6570 Apr 19, 2011 Turks PRO 40 716 118 PCIe 2.1 ×16 2048
4096
650
650
667
1000
480:24:8 5.2 15.6 21.3
64.0
DDR3
GDDR5
128 624 No 11 60 10.4 $79
Radeon HD 6670 Apr 19, 2011 Turks XT 40 716 118 PCIe 2.1 ×16 512
1024
2048
800
800
800
1000
480:24:8 6.4 19.2 25.6
64.0
DDR3
GDDR5
128 768 No 12 66 11.64 $99
Radeon HD 6750 Jan 21, 2011 (OEM) Juniper PRO 40 1040 166 PCIe 2.1 ×16 512
1024
700
700
1150
1150
720:36:16 11.2 25.2 73.6 GDDR5 128 1008 No 16 86 11.72 OEM
Radeon HD 6770 Apr 19, 2011 Juniper XT 40 1040 166 PCIe 2.1 ×16 512
1024
850
850
1200
1050
800:40:16 13.6 34.0 76.8
67.2
GDDR5 128 1360 No 18 108 12.59 ?
Radeon HD 6790 Apr 4, 2011 Barts LE 40 1700 255 PCIe 2.1 ×16 1024 840 1050 800:40:16 13.4 33.6 134.4 GDDR5 256 1344 No 19 150 8.96 $149
Radeon HD 6850 Oct 22, 2010 Barts Pro 40 1700 255 PCIe 2.1 ×16 1024 775 1000 960:48:32 24.8 37.2 128.0 GDDR5 256 1488 No 19 127 11.72 $179
Radeon HD 6870 Barts XT 40 1700 255 PCIe 2.1 ×16 1024 900 1050 1120:56:32 28.8 50.4 134.4 GDDR5 256 2016 No 19 151 13.35 $239
Radeon HD 6930 Dec 2011 Cayman CE 40 2640 389 PCIe 2.1 ×16 1024
2048
750
750
1200
1200
1280:80:32 24.0 60.0 153.6 GDDR5 256 1920 480 18 186 10.32 $180
Radeon HD 6950 Dec 15, 2010 Cayman Pro 40 2640 389 PCIe 2.1 ×16 1024
2048
800
800
1250
1250
1408:88:32 25.6 70.4 160.0 GDDR5 256 2253 563 20 200 11.27 $259
$299
Radeon HD 6970 Cayman XT 40 2640 389 PCIe 2.1 ×16 2048 880 1375 1536:96:32 28.2 84.5 176.0 GDDR5 256 2703 675 20 250 10.81 $369
Radeon HD 6990 Mar 8, 2011 Antilles XT 40 2640x2 389x2 PCIe 2.1 ×16 2048×2 830 1250 1536:96:32 ×2 2× 26.5 2× 79.6 2× 160.0 GDDR5 256×2 5099 1276.88 37 375 13.6 $699
Model Launch Codename Fab (nm) Transistors (Million) Die Size (mm2) Bus interface Memory (MiB) Core (MHz) Memory (MHz) Config core Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) Single Precision Double Precision Idle Max. GFLOPS/W
Single Precision
Release Price (USD)
Clock rate Fillrate Memory Processing Power
GFLOPS
TDP (W)

1 Unified shaders : Texture mapping units : Render output units
2 The effective data transfer rate of GDDR5 is quadruple its nominal clock, instead of double as with other DDR memory.
3 The TDP is reference design TDP values from AMD. Different non-reference board designs from vendors may lead to slight variations in actual TDP.

IGP (HD 6xxx)[edit]

  • All models are based on the VLIW5 ISA
  • All models support DirectX 11.0, OpenGL 4.3, OpenCL 1.2
  • All models do not feature double-precision FP
  • All models feature the UNB/MC Bus interface
  • All models feature Angle independent anisotropic filtering, UVD3, and Eyefinity capabilities, with up to three outputs. HD 63xxD and higher feature 3D Blu-ray acceleration, while the standard 63xx (non-'D')does not.
Model Released Code name Fab (nm) Core Clock (MHz) Config core1 Fillrate Shared Memory GFLOPS Combined TDP2 (W) GFLOPS/W
Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) Idle Max.
Radeon HD 6250[9] Nov 9, 2010[10] Wrestler[11][N 1] 40 280-400[9] 80:8:4 1.12 2.24 8.525 DDR3-1066 64 44.8 Unknown 9 4.98
Radeon HD 6290 Jan 7, 2011 Ontario[N 2] 276-400 1.12 2.24 8.525 64 44.8 Unknown 9 4.98
Radeon HD 6310[9] Nov 9, 2010[10] Wrestler[11][N 3] 492 2.0 4.0 8.5 64[12] 80 Unknown 18 4.44
Radeon HD 6320 Aug 15, 2011 Zacate (?)[N 4] 508-600 2.0 4.1 10.6 DDR3-1333 64[12] 82-97 Unknown 18 4.56-5.39
Radeon HD 6370D 4th quarter 2011 WinterPark[N 5] 32 443 160:8:4 1.77 3.54 25.6 DDR3-1600 128 142 Unknown 65 2.18
Radeon HD 6410D Jun 20, 2011[10] WinterPark[N 6] 600 160:8:4 2.4 4.8 29.9 DDR3-1866 128 192 Unknown 65 2.95
Radeon HD 6530D Jun 20, 2011[10] BeaverCreek[N 7] 443 320:16:8 3.54 7.08 29.9 DDR3-1866 128 284 Unknown 65-100 2.84-4.37
Radeon HD 6550D Jun 20, 2011 BeaverCreek[N 8] 600 400:20:8 4.8 12 29.9 DDR3-1866 128 480 Unknown 65-100 4.8-7.38
  1. ^ used in C-30 and C-50 APU
  2. ^ used in C-60 APU
  3. ^ used in E-240, E-300 and E-350 APU
  4. ^ used in E-450 APU
  5. ^ used in E2-3200 APU
  6. ^ used in A4-3300 and A4-3400 APU
  7. ^ used in A6-3500, A6-3600, A6-3650 and A6-3670K APU
  8. ^ used in A8-3800, A8-3850, and A8-3870K APU

Vancouver (HD 6xxxM) Series[edit]

  • All models are based on the VLIW5 ISA
  • All models support DirectX 11.0, OpenGL 4.3, OpenCL 1.2
  • All models do not feature double-precision FP
Model[13] Launch Model Number Code name Fab (nm) Bus interface Memory (MiB) Core clock (MHz) Memory clock (MHz) Config core1 Fillrate Memory Processing Power
GFLOPs
TDP (Watts)GPU only Features
Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit)
Radeon HD 6330M[14] November 26, 2010 Robson LP Cedar 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 up to
1024
500 800 80:8:4 2.0 4.0 12.8 DDR3 64 80 7 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6350M[14] November 26, 2010 Robson Pro Cedar 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 up to
1024
500
500
800
900
80:8:4 2.0 4.0 12.8
14.4
DDR3 64 80 7 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6370M[14] November 26, 2010 Robson XT Cedar 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 750 900 80:8:4 3.0 6.0 14.4 DDR3 64 120 11 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6430M[15] January 4, 2011 Seymour LP Caicos 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 480 800 160:8:4 1.92 3.84 12.8 DDR3 64 153.6 Unknown UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6450M[15] January 4, 2011 Seymour Pro Caicos 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 600 800 160:8:4 2.4 4.8 12.8 DDR3 64 192 Unknown UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6470M[15] January 4, 2011 Seymour XT Caicos 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 700
750
800
800
160:8:4 2.8
3.0
5.6
6.0
12.8 DDR3 64 224
240
Unknown UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6490M[15] January 4, 2011 Seymour XT Caicos 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 512 800 800 160:8:4 3.2 6.4 25.6 GDDR5 64 256 Unknown UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6530M[16] November 26, 2010 Capilano Pro Redwood 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 500 900 400:20:8 4.0 10.0 28.8 DDR3 128 400 26 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6550M[16] November 26, 2010 Capilano Pro Redwood 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 600 900 400:20:8 4.8 12.0 28.8 DDR3 128 480 26 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6570M[16] November 26, 2010 Capilano XT Redwood 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 650 900 400:20:8 5.2 13.0 28.8
57.6
DDR3
GDDR5
128 520 30 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6630M[17] January 4, 2011 Whistler LP Turks 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 256(mac)
1024
485 800 480:24:8 3.88 11.64 51.2 (mac)
25.6
GDDR5(mac)
DDR3
128 465.6 Unknown UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6650M[17] January 4, 2011 Whistler Pro Turks 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 600 900 480:24:8 4.8 14.4 28.8 DDR3 128 576 Unknown UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6730M[17] January 4, 2011 Whistler XT Turks 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 725 800 480:24:8 5.8 17.4 25.6 DDR3 128 696 Unknown UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6750M[17] January 4, 2011 Whistler Pro Turks 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 256
512
1024
600 800
900
480:24:8 4.8 14.4 51.2
57.6
GDDR5 128 576 Unknown UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6770M[17] January 4, 2011 Whistler XT Turks 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 1024 725 900 480:24:8 5.8 17.4 57.6 GDDR5 128 696 Unknown UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6830M[18] January 4, 2011 Granville Pro Juniper 40 PCIe x16 2.1 up to 2048 575 800 800:40:16 9.2 23.0 25.6 DDR3 128 920 39 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6850M[18] January 4, 2011 Granville XT Juniper 40 PCIe x16 2.1 up to 2048 675 800 800:40:16 10.8 27.0 25.6 DDR3 128 1080 50 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6850M[18] January 4, 2011 Granville Pro Juniper 40 PCIe x16 2.1 1024 575 800 800:40:16 9.2 23.0 57.6 GDDR5 128 920 39 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6870M[18] January 4, 2011 Granville XT Juniper 40 PCIe x16 2.1 1024 675 1000 800:40:16 10.8 27 64 GDDR5 128 1080 50 UVD2.2, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6950M[19] January 4, 2011 Blackcomb Pro Barts 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 up to
2048
580 900 960:48:32 18.56 27.84 115.2 GDDR5 256 1113.6 50 UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6970M[19] January 4, 2011 Blackcomb XT Barts 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 up to
2048
680 900 960:48:32 21.76 32.64 115.2 GDDR5 256 1305.6 75 UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Radeon HD 6990M[20] July 12, 2011 Blackcomb XTX Barts 40 PCIe 2.1 x16 2048 715 900 1120:56:32 22.88 40.04 115.2 GDDR5 256 1601.6 75 UVD3.0, PowerPlay
Model[13] Launch Model Number Code name Fab (nm) Bus interface Memory (MiB) Core clock (MHz) Memory clock (MHz) Config core1 Fillrate Memory Processing Power
GFLOPs
TDP (Watts) Features
Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit)

IGP (HD 6xxxG)[edit]

  • All models are based on the VLIW5 ISA
  • All models support DirectX 11.0, OpenGL 4.3, OpenCL 1.2
  • All models do not feature double-precision FP
  • All models feature the UNB/MC Bus interface
  • All models feature Angle independent anisotropic filtering, UVD3 and Eyefinity capabilities, with up to 3 outputs.
Model Released Code name Fab (nm) Core Clock (MHz) Config core1 Fillrate Shared Memory GFLOPS Combined TDP2 (W)
Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) Idle Max.
Radeon HD 6380G June 14, 2011 WinterPark[N 1] 32 400 160:8:4 1.6 3.2 17.06 DDR3-1333 128 128 Unknown 35
Radeon HD 6480G June 14, 2011 BeaverCreek[N 2] 32 444 240:12:4 1.77 3.55 17.06 DDR3-1333 128 213.1 Unknown 35-45
Radeon HD 6520G June 14, 2011 BeaverCreek[N 3] 32 400 320:16:8 3.2 6.4 17.06 DDR3-1333 128 256 Unknown 35-45
Radeon HD 6620G June 14, 2011 BeaverCreek[N 4] 32 444 400:20:8 3.55 8.88 25.6 DDR3-1600 128 355.2 Unknown 35-45
  1. ^ used in E2-3000M APU
  2. ^ used in A4-3300M and A4-3310MX APU
  3. ^ used in A6-3400M and A6-3410MX APU
  4. ^ used in A8-3500M, A8-3510MX and A8-3530MX APU

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RadeonFeature". Xorg.freedesktop.org. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  2. ^ Prior, James. "Editorial — AMD Radeon HD 6770/6750 Rebranding". Rage3D. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  3. ^ AnandTech: ATI’s Radeon HD 6870 & 6850: Renewing Competition in the Mid-Range Market by Ryan Smith, 21st Oct 2010
  4. ^ [1] by Anonymous, 15th March 2011
  5. ^ Igor Wallossek (2011-08-21). "CrossFire, SLI, And Micro-Stuttering — Micro-Stuttering And GPU Scaling In CrossFire And SLI". Tomshardware.com. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  6. ^ AnandTech: ATI's Radeon HD 6970 & 6950: Paving The Future For AMD by Ryan Smith, 15th Dec 2010
  7. ^ [2] by Chris Angelini, 8th Mar 2011
  8. ^ [3] by Anonymous, 15th Mars 2011
  9. ^ a b c "Zacate CPU and Platform Details", AMD's Low Power Fusion APU: Zacate Unveiled, HotHardware, 9 November 2010, p. 2 
  10. ^ a b c d AMD Begins to Ship Ontario and Zacate Application Processing Units for Revenue, Xbitlabs.com, 9 November 2010 
  11. ^ a b Ontario/Zacate (Bobcat-Based APUs) And Beta Drivers
  12. ^ a b AMD Intros New C-Series and Two New E-Series APUs
  13. ^ a b AMD Radeon™ HD 6000M Series Graphics
  14. ^ a b c "ATI Mobility Radeon HD 6300 Series Graphics". Amd.com. 2010-11-27. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  15. ^ a b c d "ATI Mobility Radeon HD 6400 Series Graphics". Amd.com. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  16. ^ a b c "ATI Mobility Radeon HD 6500 Series Graphics". Amd.com. 2010-11-27. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "ATI Mobility Radeon HD 6700/6600 Series Graphics". Amd.com. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  18. ^ a b c d "ATI Mobility Radeon HD 6800 Series Graphics". Amd.com. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  19. ^ a b "ATI Mobility Radeon HD 6900 Series Graphics". Amd.com. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  20. ^ "ATI Mobility Radeon HD 6990M Graphics". Amd.com. 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2011-06-14. 

External links[edit]