|Nickname(s): Land of the 'Ongolu Gitta'|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||AP 27 xx xxxx|
|Sex ratio||979:1000 ♂/♀|
|Distance from Guntur||100 kilometres (62 mi) S (land)|
|Distance from Chennai||292 kilometres (181 mi) N (Rail)|
|Distance from Hyderabad||330 kilometres (210 mi) S (land)|
Previously Prakasam District was known as 'Ongole' District, this district was renamed as Prakasam in order to pay homage to the great patriot and Andhra Leader, Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu, also known as Andhra Kesari (Lion of Andhra) who was born in Kanuparthi village of this district
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Real boom
- 7 Society
- 8 Ongole bull
- 9 Politics
- 10 Education
- 11 Transport/Travel
- 12 References
Ongole was originally known as Gundigapuri(Town Near to Gundlakamma rivilet), Vangalaprolu, Vangavolu and Vangolu after the surname of an astrologer in the court of an Addanki chief. It was part of Punginadu during the time of Ikshavakus, and was in the area of Karmarashtra(means work place) during the Pallava period.
The town's history goes back to the era of the Mauryas and Sathavahanas who ruled most of what is now present day Andhra Pradesh. A few inscriptions dating to the Satavahana period were found in a village called China Ganjam, near Ongole. After the Satavahanas, this place came into the limelight again during the Kakatiya dynasty, when the nearby towns of Motupalli and Voda Revu served as major seaports. Ongole is also mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallava rulers of the 3rd and 4th Century A.D. The City was also ruled by Krishna Deva Raya. The last dynasty to rule the Ongole region before the British was the Mandapati Dynasty(Zamindars). According to the historical inscriptions available at Sri Raja Rajeswara Swami Temple in Ongole City was Constructed by Cholas. Kaasi Visweswara Swami temple, Chenna Keswva Swami Temple and Veeranjaneya Swami temple were built in early 17th century by King Vankayalapati Mantri and Army Chief.
Following the decision of the Union Government of India on 30 July 2013 to bifurcate Andhra Pradesh with the formation of Telangana, speculations are rife that a plan for Ongole as the new capital of Andhra Pradesh is being proposed. 
- Winter: December To February
- Summer: March to June
- South West Monsoons - July to September
- North East Monsoons - October to November
Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. The cyclones could occur any time of the year, but commonly between August and November.
As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Ongole(Rural and Urban) in 2011 was 302,643 .
In education section, total literates in Ongole town are 153,888 of which 82,322 are males while 71,566 are females. Average literacy rate of Ongole town is 83.57 percent of which male and female literacy was 89.41 and 77.72 percent.
Total children (0-6) in Ongole town are 18,673 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 9,651 boys while 9,022 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 935 per 1000 boys.
Ongole City is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Ongole Urban Agglomeration. Ongole City has urban / metropolitan population of 262,548 of which 134,541 are males and 128,007 are females.
Agriculture, specifically family farming is the primary industry of Ongole was largely started by agricultural families within Prakasam district. Ongole is one of the major centres for tobacco trading in Andhra Pradesh.
During the 70s and 80s many small scale manufacturing enterprises dealing with shoes, paints, PVC and pharmaceuticals were prevalent but the vast majority did not survive competition from other parts of Andhra Pradesh and those out of state. The 80s and 90s saw a proliferation of hospitals and educational institutions. As the 90s progressed businesses involving granite mining, cutting and polishing companies sprang up around Ongole. Chimakurthy, which is located in close proximity to ongole is famous for its galaxy granite which has been a great income fetcher to the Government through royalty. This particular type of granite is exported to several nations like the U.S, China, Japan etc.The Granite industry led to good employment to both local and non-local labour.
Ongole is the district headquarters of Prakasam District. Over the years it has developed into a city with good schools and colleges. Lately, the quality of education has become quite good and is comparable to that of most cities in the state. With the advent of reforms in the educational sector, private engineering and medical college have started to serve the city.
Real estate business has boomed in the past few years. Apartments have sprung up in the vicinity of main roads. The town has been expanding horizontally mostly adjacent to the main roads. Granite mining in an adjacent town has brought in plenty of revenue.
Ongole has a large Hindu population followed by Muslim and Christian population. There are significant Malayalee and Rajastani families settled in Ongole.
Ongole is famous for the breed of bulls in that area. Ongole bulls have gone as far as America, Holland, Malaysia, Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, Mexico, Paraguay, Indonesia, West Indies, Australia, Fiji, Mauritius, Indo-China and Philippines. The Brahmana bull in America is an off-breed of the Ongole. An Island in Malaysia where there are many Ongoles is named as Ongole Island. The population of Ongole off-breed in Brazil is said to be around several millions. During the time of Rev. Clough of Ongole, an Ongole bull named Potu Ramudu owned by Sri Potu Venkatadri Naidu was reported1 to have gone to Holland. It is said that in the WageningenAgriculturalUniversity in Holland, a commemorative plaque exists with the name and image of Potu Ramudu. The mascot of the 2002 Indian National Games was Veera, an Ongole Bull. The original breed of Ongole stud bulls are found in a small region around Ongole town between rivers Gundlakamma, and Musi. Ongole Cattle are the pride of India for they are unequivocally world class.
Short horned Ongole bulls exactly look like Nandi sculptures seen in any Temple of Lord Shiva. Further the Ongoles are phylogenetically related to Tharparkar breed of North Western India and Sind area of Pakistan where the Indus Valley Civilization thrived approximately between 8000 to 2000 years BCE. Going by the theory that the civilization was initiated by Dravidians, it is not unlikely that Ongoles evolved into Tharparkars.
Ongole bull rock-pulling competitions (Banda Lagudu Potilu) are conducted as a part of traditional festival celebrations at a few villages near the Prakasam district. In the competitions, a pair of ongole bulls are made to pull a heavy rock, weighing around one and a half tons.
Ongole is a Parliament constituency in Andhra Pradesh.
|First||1952-57||Pashupati Venkata Raghavaiah||CPI|
|Second||1957-62||R. Narapa Reddy||Congress|
|Third||1962-67||M. N. Swamy||CPI|
|Fourth||1967-71||K. Jaggaiah(Cine Actor)||Congress|
|Fifth||1971-77||P. Ankineedu Prasada Rao||Congress|
|Sixth||1977-80||Puli Venkata Reddy||Congress|
|Seventh||1980-84||Puli Venkata Reddy||Congress|
|Eighth||1984-89||Bezawada Papi Reddy||TDP|
|Ninth||1989-91||Mekapati Rajmohana Reddy||Congress|
|Tenth||1991-96||Magunta Subbarami Reddy||Congress|
|Eleventh||1996-98||Magunta Parvathamma Reddy||Congress|
|Twelfth||1998-99||Magunta Sreenivasulu Reddy||Congress|
|Thirteenth||1999-04||Karanam Balarama Krishna Murthy||TDP|
|Fourteenth||2004-09||Magunta Sreenivasulu Reddy||Congress|
|Fifteenth||2009–Till||Magunta Sreenivasulu Reddy||Congress|
Ongole is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh.
|1955||Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu and Telluri Jiyyardas.|
|1962||Bollineni Venkata Lakshmi Narayana|
|1972||Srungarapu Jeevaratnam Naidu|
|1978||Srungarapu Jeevaratnam Naidu|
|1983||Panugupati Koteswara Rao||TDP|
|1985||Panugupati Koteswara Rao||TDP|
|1994||Edara Hari Babu||TDP|
|1999||Balineni Srinivasa Reddy||Congress|
|2004||Balineni Srinivasa Reddy||Congress|
|2009||Balineni Srinivasa Reddy||Congress|
|2012||Balineni Srinivasa Reddy||YSR Congress|
Ongole is the district headquarters of Prakasam District. Over the years it has developed into a town with good schools and colleges. Lately, the quality of education has become quite good and is comparable to that of most cities in the state. With the advent of reforms in the educational sector, a few private engineering and medical colleges have been set up in the town.
- Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences - RIMS - Govt Medical College & Hospital Link  www.rimsongole.org
- Vijayateja Medical College and Research foundation (Under construction)
- RajivGandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) College of Nursing - Government Nusing College
- Aluri College of Nursing
- bhargavi nursing college
- Rao & Naidu Engineering College
- QIS Institute of Technology
- QIS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
- RISE Prakasam Engineering College
- RISE Gandhi Engineering College
- Prakasam Engineering College
- PACE INSTITUTE OF TECH & SCIN
- Nimra Institute of Engineering and Technology
- Sri Veera venkata Satyanarayana
- Sri Satyanarayana Engineering College
- mallineani laksmaiah group of colleges
Below are the Government colleges in Ongole and there are several private degree colleges and junior colleges in Ongole.
- Chivukula SriRama Sarma College(Also called as C.S.R.Sarma College).
- Velidi Venkateswarlu and Mangamma College (Also called as V V & M College.
- Andhra Kesari Vidya Kendram College.
- American Baptist Mission Degree College (Also called as ABM College)ESTD 1800.
- Damacharla Sakkubai Govt. college for women(Govt).
- St.Xaviers Junior College.
- HCM junior college for women.
- Indian Blossoms International School.
- Ongole Public School.
- Narayana Public School.
- Narayana E-Techno School.
- Akshara Concept School
- Sai Baba Central School
- Qis public School.
- Montissori Public School.
- Pace Global School.
- Bhashyam Public School.
- Sri Chaitanya Techno School.
- Vignan Global Gen Schools.
- Akshara Concept School.
- Ravindra Bharati Public School.
- Damodara Public School.
- St. Xavier's School.
- Aditya Public School.
- Samavesam High School.
- Montessori Public School.
- Sivani Public School.
- Gorantla Venkanna Samskruthonnata Patasala( GVS High School)
- apex high school
The town is also connected by a well maintained network of roads to all major towns and cities of the state and country its on the national golden quadriangle route of NH5 which is serving it with six way lane highway.APSRTC runs buses from Ongole to all major towns and cities in India ranging from its Express service to the recently flag shipped Garuda-Plus and Vennela services apart from different Private tours and travels. NH-214A Ongole to Digammarru Highway i shortest way to NH5 nearly decreasing 204 km from chennai to vizag,NH-214A popularly called as COASTAL HIGHWAY.
The nearest port to Ongole is the Vodarevu port (55 km),This Port is a Greenfield Port and Government have designated the Vodarevu Port as specialized port for Ship Breaking Industry. The Government is planning to develop this Port under private sector.
The nearest major airport to Ongole is Vijayawada Airport (VGA / VOBZ). This airport is in Vijayawada, India and is about 160 km from Ongole. Domestic Airport is under construction near to Ongole town(10 km).
APSRTC is planning to run City Buses(Metro Services) under JNNURM Scheme in Ongole Municipal Corporation Limits.Auto-Rickshaw, Puller-Rickshaws,Steering Autos and Taxis are Local Means of Transport. APSRTC runs few buses through main roads of City. APSRTC to Pellur via Old Market Centre, Prakasam Bhavan and Nellore Bustand Centre, APSRTC Bustand to Koppolu via Old Market Centre,Kothapatnam Bustand Centre,FCI Godowns, APSTRC Bustand to Throvagunta via Addanki Bustand Centre or North Bypass Junction, APSTRC Bustand to Railway station, APSRTC Bustand to Pernamitta via North Bypass Junction, APSRTC Bustand to Vengamukkalapalem APSRTC Butand to Mangammur via Gandhi Nagar are routes through which RTC busses are running. Bus Fares Rs5 and Rs6. Auto Rickshaw/ Puller Rickshaw Minimum Fares Rs10/-. Stearing Auto Minimum Fares Rs5/-.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ongole.|
- "Breeds of Livestock - Ongole Cattle". Ansi.okstate.edu. 2001-07-16. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
- "Ongole likely to be new capital of Andhra Pradesh". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
- "Election Commission of India.APAssembly results.1955". Eci.gov.in. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
- "RIMS College - ONGOLE". Rimsongole.org. Retrieved 2013-09-29.