Kurnool

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Kurnool district.
Kurnool
కర్నూలు
Kandanavolu[1]
City
View of Rajvihar Center, one of the busy centers in Kurnool City
View of Rajvihar Center, one of the busy centers in Kurnool City
Nickname(s): The Gateway to Rayalaseema[2]
Kurnool is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kurnool
Kurnool
Location in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 15°50′N 78°03′E / 15.83°N 78.05°E / 15.83; 78.05Coordinates: 15°50′N 78°03′E / 15.83°N 78.05°E / 15.83; 78.05
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Kurnool
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
Area[3]
 • City 49.73 km2 (19.20 sq mi)
Area rank 105
Elevation 274 m (899 ft)
Population (2011)[4]
 • City 424,920
 • Density 8,500/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[5] 478,124
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 518001
Vehicle registration AP 21
Website Kurnool Municipal Corporation

Kurnool is a city and administrative seat of Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh state in southern India, about 212 kilometres (132 mi) south of state capital Hyderabad. Kurnool is the Sixth-most populous city of Andhra Pradesh. It is the known as the Gateway to Rayalaseema.Kurnool served as the capital of Andhra State from 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956.

Etymology[edit]

The name Kurnool derived from "Kandenavolu". The city known as Kandenapalli or the city of Kandena. Kandena is a Telugu word it means Grease.[6] The city was also called as the city of Skanda or Kumaraswamy (the chief God of Wars)[6]

History[edit]

Palaeolithic era[edit]

Rock Paintings ketavaram
Painting at Ketavaram caves

The Ketavaram[7] rock painting's are dated back to the Paleolithic era (18 kilometres from Kurnool). Also the Jurreru Valley, Katavani Kunta[8] and Yaganti in Kurnool District have some important rock art's and painting's in their vicinity, may be dated back to 35,000 to 40,000 years ago.

History[edit]

Little was known about Kurnool Town before the 11th century. The earliest knowledge of this settlement dates back to 11th Century. It is developed as transit place on the southern banks of the river Tungabhadra and was commonly known as 'Kandenavolu'. It was a greasing place for the carts which used to transport stone for the construction of temples at Alampur from which the name 'Kandenavolu' was derived. It was ruled by Cholas and later by Kakatiya kings in the 12th and 13th Centuries. Later on it became an independent part of the country under Jagirdars. Late it came under the influence of Vijayanagar Kings and it was during the 16th Century that Achyuta Raya built the Kurnool Fort. During the 17th Century it was ruled by Gopal Raja. Abdul Wahab conquered king Gopal Raja and ruled over the country for 16 years. The town came under the influence of Moghal Emperor Aurangazeb in 1686. Later the town was ruled by Nawabs from Dawood Khan to Gulam Rasool Khan (1823). In 1839 the British Government took over control. In 1858 it was made over to a Collector under the General regulations. The British rule continued till 1947 during which period, Kurnool town was a part of Madras presidency. After separation of the 11 districts of Andhra from the composite of Madras state in 1953, Kurnool became the state Headquarters on 1 October 1953.

The Telugu speaking areas of erstwhile Hyderabad State were merged with Andhra Pradesh and then Andhra Pradesh State came into existence in November 1956, and the State Capital was shifted from Kurnool to Hyderabad. Kurnool has remained as District Headquarters.

Political administration[edit]

It is the headquarters of the mandal, the revenue division and the district of the same name. From 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956, Kurnool was also the capital of Andhra State (not Andhra Pradesh), which was carved out of Madras State in 1953. Tangutoori Prakasam Pantulu was the chief minister of Andhra State during this period. The present day District court buildings were used as premises of state Assembly.

Pending plans: The Mayor said the proposal to augment drinking water supply system of the city at a cost of Rs. 360 million was pending with the Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT). The State Government cleared the proposal and forwarded to the Centre. If cleared by the Centre, the city would have water supply infrastructure capable of supporting up to the year 2026. Also, underground drainage was proposed for the city at a cost of Rs. 891.5 million.

Rail Road Railway plans has been a great stretch of failure to implement apart from the advisory railway ministry designation held. The Kurnool city corporation doesn't even hold an proper railway junction as per the city norms. Only NH7 has been reconstructed to a hygiene road system and NH18 is completely ignored by the administration causing a failure and loss to the human system.

Formal proposal:The stretch between Kurnool city and Alampur crossroads was developing as an industrial township attached to the city. MP Kotla Jayasuryaprakasa Reddy already wrote to the Surface Transport Ministry which has responded to the proposal. The corporation too would make a formal move for the ORR, Mr. Reddy said.

Geography and climate[edit]

Kurnool

Period – 1951–2000

Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0
 
29
18
 
 
1
 
33
20
 
 
4
 
36
23
 
 
25
 
38
25
 
 
41
 
39
25
 
 
86
 
34
23
 
 
145
 
31
22
 
 
140
 
31
22
 
 
170
 
31
22
 
 
115
 
31
22
 
 
13
 
29
19
 
 
7
 
28
17
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [1] IMD

Kurnool is located at 15°50′00″N 78°03′00″E / 15.8333°N 78.05°E / 15.8333; 78.05.[9] It has an average elevation of 273 metres (898 feet).

Kurnool lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. The Hundri and Neeva rivers also flow through the city. The K.C. Canal (Kurnool–Cuddapah) was built by the Dutch for transportation, but later used for irrigation.

The climate is tropical with temperatures ranging from 26 °C to 45 °C in the summer and 12 °C to 31 °C in the winter. The average annual rainfall is about 30 inches (762 mm).

Demographics[edit]

As per final data of 2011 census, Kurnool urban agglomeration had a population of 484,327. The literacy rate was 77.37 per cent.[10] note: The Office of Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India. note: UA = Urban Agglomeration.

Education[edit]

The following are some important educational institutions Rayalaseema University, Kurnool Medical College , G Pulla Reddy College of Engineering & Technology, Osmania College, Kurnool , Ravindra Group of Institutions, Kottam Group of Institutions & apart from these there are many colleges that offer courses in Engineering, Polytechnic, Pharmacy, Dental, Nursing, Physiotherapy, B.Ed., Law, Physical Education, Degree Colleges, There are also schools for blind and physically challenged.

Transportation[edit]

Kurnool is considered as the Gateway of Rayalaseema as one must pass through Kurnool to reach Kadapa or Chittor or Anantapur districts while travelling from Hyderabad.

Roadways[edit]

Kurnool Bus Station is the third largest bus station in Andhra Pradesh after Hyderabad and Vijayawada.[citation needed] Kurnool is connected to most cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh as well as to other largest cities Bengaluru and Chennai by the state owned bus service Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) and the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC). National Highway 7 (India) connects Kurnool to Hyderabad (210 km, 4.0 hours), Anantapur (140 km, three hours), Hindupur {245 km, 5.5 hours} and Bengaluru (360 km;8 hrs). The State Highway 51 connects to Srisailam, Vinukonda, Guntur, Vijayawada. The National Highway 18 (Kurnool-Chittoor) connects the city to Panyam, Nandyal, Allagadda,Ahobilam(near to the highway), Mahanandi(near to the highway), Maidukuru, Kadapa, Rayachoty Pileru, and Chittoor.

Railway[edit]

Kurnool City Railway Station lies on the Hyderabad – Guntakal railway line and has express trains to Hyderabad, Delhi, Chennai, Chittoor, Tirupati, Jaipur, Madurai, Shirdi and Bengaluru. There are also passenger trains to Hyderabad, Guntakal and Guntur, which caters to the short distance passengers.

The four railway stations in Kurnool District are Kurnool city, Adoni, Nandyal and Dhone junction. Adoni is on the Chennai-Mumbai Railway Line and several trains run daily to these cities and New Delhi. Nandyal is on the Guntakal -Vijayawada line and has daily trains to Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Bengaluru, Vishakhapatnam and Howrah. Dhone junction is situated on the Guntakal – Secunderabad / Vijayawada line. All the trains which pass through Nandyal and Kurnool pass through this junction.

Airport[edit]

The nearest airport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, at Hyderabad, three and half hours drive from Kurnool City. Another nearest airport is Kempegowda International Airport, at devanahalli, Bengaluru which takes an four to five hours drive from Kurnool city on NH7

Tourist attractions[edit]

Front View of Kondareddy Buruju.
Gole-Gumma, Near Osmania College.
  • Srisailam, one of the jyothirlingas is in Kurnool district. Srisailam Dam over here is one of the most important dam in Andhra Pradesh for irrigaion & hydro-electric power generation.
  • Belum Caves, Kurnool is the longest cave system and is one of the Kurnool attractions which are visited by most of the people. It is an underground cave and has three well like cavities. The main attraction of the cave is the exquisite stalactite and stalagmite formations. Huge marble Buddha statue on these caves is the sign of worship of Buddhist monks. Natural waterfall is also seen in this cave which is very beautiful and attractive.
  • Oravakallu Rock Garden, Kurnool, which has natural rock formations. This place is located between water bodies.The Kethavaram Rock paintings, from the Paleolithic era, are located along a stretch of the Orvakal Rock Formations.It is also a perfect place for picnics.
  • Mahanandi, Mahanandi is a village located east of the Nallamala Hills near Nandyal, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is a picturesque village surrounded by thick forests. Within 15 km of Mahanandi, there are nine Nandi shrines known as Nava Nandis. Mahanandi is one of the Nava Nandis. The Mahanandiswara Swamy Temple, an important shrine, is located here. This ancient temple dates back over 1,500 years.
  • Ahobilam, Ahobhilam also known as Ahobalam is located in the Allagadda mandal of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh, India. It is 40 km from Nandyal and about 150 km from Kurnool, the district headquarters. There are two temple houses, lower Ahobilam and upper Ahobilam.
  • Yaganti, is a temple to Lord Shiva in Kurnool District in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. approximately 100 km from the city of Kurnool.The temple is in the Banaganapalle mandal,14 km west of Banagapalle (Mandal headquarters) on the Banaganapalle-Peapully road.
  • Konda Reddy Fort, Kurnool is one of the worth visiting sites for the tourists as it was built between the period of 14th to 16th centuries. History enthusiasts visit this place and see several inscriptions in Arabic and Persian. This fort reflects the glorious history of the past.
  • Gole-Gumbaz (Round Dome) is the mousoleum of Kurnool Nawab, near Osmania college.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]