Osbert Peake, 1st Viscount Ingleby
|The Right Honourable
The Viscount Ingleby
|Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
Minister of National Insurance (1951–1953)
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill
|Preceded by||Edith Summerskill|
|Succeeded by||John Boyd-Carpenter|
|Born||30 December 1897|
|Died||11 October 1966
Osmotherley, North Yorkshire, England
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Osbert Peake, 1st Viscount Ingleby, PC (30 December 1897 – 11 October 1966) was a British Conservative Party politician. He served as Minister of National Insurance and then as Minister of Pensions and National Insurance from 1951 to 1955.
Early and personal life
Peake was educated at Eton before training at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He served with the Coldstream Guards during the First World War, before joining the Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry. He entered Christ Church, Oxford in 1919 and graduated in history in 1921. In 1923 he was called to the bar at the Inner Temple.
On 19 June 1922, he married Lady Joan Capell (the younger daughter of the Earl and Countess of Essex) and they had five children. One of his daughters, Sonia, married David Hay, 12th Marquess of Tweeddale.
After unsuccessfully contesting Dewsbury in 1922, he entered Parliament as Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds North in 1929. In April 1939, he was appointed as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department and in October 1944 he became Financial Secretary to the Treasury. Whilst in opposition, he became a leading spokesman for the Beveridge social reform proposals, and on the Conservatives return to power in 1951 he became Minister of National Insurance (Minister of Pensions and National Insurance from September 1953 and a member of the Cabinet from October 1954). In December 1955, shortly after Anthony Eden succeeded Winston Churchill as Prime Minister in April, Peake resigned from the government.
Peake became a Privy Counsellor in 1943 and was raised to the peerage on 17 January 1956 as Viscount Ingleby, of Snilesworth in the North Riding of the County of York. On his death in 1966, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Martin.
- The London Gazette: . 17 January 1956. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- Pottle, Mark (2004). "Peake, Osbert, first Viscount Ingleby (1897–1966)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/75167. Retrieved 13 September 2009. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Osbert Peake
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Gervase Beckett, Bt.
|Member of Parliament for Leeds North
1929 – 1955
|Member of Parliament for Leeds North East
1955 – 1956
|Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
The Earl of Munster
|Financial Secretary to the Treasury
|Minister of Social Insurance
|New office||Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Viscount Ingleby