P. K. Nair
||This article possibly contains original research. (September 2012)|
6 April 1933 |
|Occupation||Film archivist, film scholar, film teacher, film festival consultant|
P. K. Nair (Paramesh Krishnan Nair) (born April 6, 1933) is an Indian film archivist and film scholar, who was the founder and director of the National Film Archive of India (NFAI) in 1964. He is regarded as the Henri Langlois of India because of his lifelong dedication towards the preservation of films in India. A passionate film archivist, he worked at the NFAI for over three decades, collecting films from India and from all over the world.
He was instrumental in acquiring for the archive several landmark Indian films like Dadasaheb Phalke's Raja Harishchandra and Kaliya Mardan, Bombay Talkies films such as Jeevan Naiya, Bandhan, Kangan, Achhut Kanya and Kismet, S. S. Vasan's Chandralekha and Uday Shankar's Kalpana.
Early life and education
Born and brought up in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Nair developed an early interest in cinema. His initiation into films began with Tamil mythological films in the early 1940s such as K. Subramaniam's Ananthasayanam and Bhakta Prahlada. His fascination for cinema began here, though his family did not support his interest in films.
He graduated in science from the University of Kerala in 1953. Soon after, he went to Bombay to pursue a career in filmmaking.
Film and Television Institute of India
Though he got some practical training in branches of film making from some of the leading film makers of Bombay, particularly Mehboob Khan, Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee, he realised that he did not have the ideal qualities to become a filmmaker himself. His interest lay more in the field of academics.
As advised by Jean Bhownagary of Films Division of India, he appeared for an interview at the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), was selected and joined the institute in March 1961 in the position of research assistant. While at FTII, he assisted Marie Seton and Professor Satish Bahadur in initiating and conducting the film appreciation classes of FTII. He also did the spade work in establishing the film archive set up as a separate wing of FTII. He corresponded with the curators and directors of established film archives in the UK, USA, France, Italy, Poland, Soviet Union and other countries. All of them advised an independent autonomous entity for NFAI and not as a wing of FTII.
National Film Archive of India
The National Film Archive of India was born in 1964 and Nair was appointed to the post of assistant curator in November 1965. He has, since then, established the archive from scratch by collecting films from all over India and the world.
He was promoted as director of the archive in 1982. He spearheaded the NFAI, Pune for nearly three decades and built up the archive which now enjoys a vibrant international reckoning.
He was instrumental in introducing the works of world masters of cinema like Ingmar Bergman, Akira Kurosawa, Andrzej Wajda, Miklós Jancsó, Krzysztof Zanussi, Vittorio De Sica, Federico Fellini, apart from the Indian stalwarts like Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen, V. Shantaram, Raj Kapoor and Guru Dutt to FTII students, film society members, and other film study groups in the country. He was also instrumental in setting up the International Film Festival of Kerala. 
When he retired in April 1991, he had collected over 12,000 films, of which 8,000 are Indian. He currently lives in Pune, not very far away from the NFAI and the Film and Television Institute of India.
Awards and recognition
Nair was awarded the Satyajit Ray Memorial Award in 2008. Celluloid Man, a documentary on Nair was made by Shivendra Singh Dungarpur, which premiered at the Il Cinema Ritrovato in Bologna, Italy in June 2012. Later it won two National Awards at the 60th National Film Awards, including Best Biographical Film and Best Editing. The film was released in India on May 3, 2013 to coincide with the centenary of Indian cinema.
- "PK Nair who Devised IFFK | IFFK 2011". Metromatinee.com. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
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- "P K Nair to Receive Satyajit Ray Memorial Award today". DearCinema.com. 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
- "Programmazione - Cineteca di Bologna". Cinetecadibologna.it. 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
- "60th National Film Awards Announced" (PDF) (Press release). Press Information Bureau (PIB), India.
- "PK Nair, the reel historian". India Today. May 3, 2013l. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
- "The Celluloid Man: PK Nair & the future of our cinematic past". Sunday Guardian. May 2013. Retrieved May 5, 2013.