PC-BSD

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PC-BSD
The PC-BSD logo
PC-BSD-10.png
PC-BSD 10 with Plasma Desktop
Developer iXsystems
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source
Initial release 2006
Latest release 10.1 / November 16, 2014; 31 days ago (2014-11-16)
Package manager PBI & FreeBSD Ports/Packages
Platforms x86-64
Kernel type Monolithic
Default user interface KDE Plasma Desktop (Version 4.14.2)
License BSD licenses
Official website www.pcbsd.org

PC-BSD, or PCBSD, is a Unix-like, desktop-oriented operating system built upon the most recent releases of FreeBSD. It aims to be easy to install by using a graphical installation program, and easy and ready-to-use immediately by providing KDE SC, LXDE, Xfce, and MATE[1] as the graphical user interface. It provides official binary nVidia and Intel drivers for hardware acceleration and an optional 3D desktop interface through Kwin, and Wine is ready-to-use in running Microsoft Windows software. PC-BSD is able to run Linux software,[2] in addition to FreeBSD ports, and it has its own package management system that allows users to graphically install pre-built software packages from a single downloaded executable file, which is unique for BSD operating systems.

PC-BSD supports ZFS, and the installer offers disk encryption with geli so the system will require a passphrase before booting.

History[edit]

PC-BSD was originally founded by FreeBSD professional Kris Moore in early 2005. In August 2006 it was voted the most beginner friendly operating system by OSWeekly.com.[3]

The first Beta consisted of only a GUI installer to get the user up and running with a FreeBSD 6 system with KDE3 pre-configured. This was a major innovation for the time as anyone wishing to install FreeBSD would have to manually tweak and run through a text installer. Kris Moore's goal was to make FreeBSD easy for everyone to use on the desktop and has since diverged even more in the direction of usability by including additional GUI administration tools and PBI packages (see Package management).

Since October 10, 2006 PC-BSD has been supported by the enterprise-class hardware solution provider iXsystems.[4][5] iXsystems now employs Moore as a full-time developer and leader of the project. In November 2007, iXsystems entered into a distribution agreement with Fry's Electronics whereby Fry's Electronics stores nationwide carry boxed copies of PC-BSD version 1.4 (Da Vinci Edition).[6] In January 2008, iXsystems entered into a similar agreement with Micro Center.[7]

Release history[edit]

Version Release date FreeBSD codebase
1.0 April 29, 2006 6.0
1.1 May 29, 2006 6.1
1.2 July 12, 2006 6.1
1.3 December 31, 2006 6.1
1.4 September 24, 2007 6.2-STABLE
1.4.1.x Various 6.3-PRERELEASE
1.5 March 12, 2008 6.3-STABLE
1.5.1 April 23, 2008 6.3-STABLE
7.0 September 16, 2008 7.0-STABLE
7.0.1 October 17, 2008 7.0-STABLE
7.0.2 December 10, 2008 7.1-PRERELEASE
7.1 April 10, 2009 7.2-PRERELEASE
7.1.1 July 6, 2009 7.2-STABLE
8.0 February 23, 2010 8.0-RELEASE-P2
8.1 July 21, 2010 8.1-RELEASE
8.2 February 24, 2011 8.2[8]
9.0 January 13, 2012 9.0[9]
9.1 December 18, 2012 9.1[10]
9.2 October 7, 2013 9.2-CURRENT[11]
10.0 January 29, 2014 10.0[12]
10.1 November 14, 2014 10.1[13]

Since version 7, PC-BSD began following the same numbering system as FreeBSD. PC-BSD exclusively used KDE SC, until version 9.0, which has been customized to support tighter application integration and the PBI package management system. While manual installation of other desktops such as Xfce and GNOME was technically possible, none of these were supported and major functionality was lost when not using PC-BSD's special build of KDE SC.[14] GNOME is offered, including Xfce, LXDE and other Desktop Environments, starting with PC-BSD 9.0.

PC-BSD used to support both x86 and x86-64 architectures. Support for x86 was dropped in version 9.2.[15][16]

Package management[edit]

PC-BSD's package management system takes a different approach to installing software than many other Unix-like operating systems. Instead of using the FreeBSD ports tree directly (although it remains available), PC-BSD uses files with the .pbi filename extension which, when double-clicked, bring up an installation wizard program. An autobuild system tracks the FreeBSD ports collection and generates new PBIs daily.

All software packages and dependencies are installed in their own self-contained directories in /Programs. This convention is aimed to decrease confusion about where binary programs reside, remove the possibility of a package breaking if system libraries are upgraded or changed, and prevent dependency hell. The PC-BSD package manager also takes care of creating categorized links in the KDE menu and on the KDE SC desktop.

The PC-BSD package management system aims to be similar to that of major operating systems such as Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X, where applications are installed from a single downloaded file with graphical prompts, rather than the traditional package management systems that many Unix-like systems use.

Lumina[edit]

The PC-BSD project is now developing a new desktop environment from scratch, named Lumina. Lumina is based on Qt toolkit and currently is under development and is not ready for production use, though it has been included in PC-BSD's software repositories. It is aimed to be a full-featured, lightweight, stable and open source desktop environment that eventually will replace KDE in the base installation of PC-BSD. Lumina's main developer is Ken Moore.[17]

License[edit]

PC-BSD was originally licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL) because the developers were under the impression that applications using the Qt, which PC-BSD uses for its interface development, must be licensed under the GPL or the QPL. Upon discovering that there was no such restriction in fact, the PC-BSD developers later relicensed the code under a BSD-like license. In March 2009 Qt added an LGPL License.

Hardware requirements[edit]

Here are the hardware requirements for PC-BSD 10.0 according to the PC-BSD wiki:[18]

Minimum[edit]

Recommended[edit]

To play modern video games, a fast CPU is recommended, and to create a collection of music and videos, a larger hard disk drive is recommended.[clarification needed]

Notes on storage and RAM requirements[edit]

The PC-BSD® installer's hardware check will display a warning message if the selected partition contains less than 20GB for a server installation or less than 50GB for a desktop installation. The installation itself does not require this much disk space. Instead the minimum recommendation is to provide sufficient room for the installation of multiple desktops, applications, and to store local ZFS snapshots.

You can never have too much RAM, so install as much as you can afford. To play modern video games, you should use a fast CPU. If you want to create a collection of tunes and movies on your computer, you will want a large hard disk drive which can be internal or external.

UEFI[edit]

UEFI support has been added to the installer and the boot manager from version 10.1.[19] This includes ACPI detection and setup of RSDP, XDST, and RSDT pass-through values to the kernel. Note that a new installation will be needed in order to install UEFI support as it requires the creation of a small FAT partition. The current UEFI does not support secureboot. If a secureboot option exists in the BIOS, disable it.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]