Pandalam

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Pandalam
പന്തളം
town
Pandalam is located in Kerala
Pandalam
Pandalam
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 9°19′N 76°44′E / 9.32°N 76.73°E / 9.32; 76.73Coordinates: 9°19′N 76°44′E / 9.32°N 76.73°E / 9.32; 76.73
Country  India
State Kerala
District Pathanamthitta
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Pandalam is one among the fastest growing towns in Kerala, India. Known far and wide for its legendary connection with Lord Ayyappa and Sabarimala, Pandalam is considered to be a holy town. It is also a renowned educational and health care center in central Travancore. Pandalam hosts a lot of educational institutions ranging from reputed schools to post graduate, training, ayurveda,[1] and engineering colleges. There are seven colleges and 23 schools at Pandalam, including N. S. S. College and Mannam Ayurveda Co-operative Medical College. The Kerala state government plans to make the place a special township,[2] by including the gram panchayats of Pandalam and Kulanada.[3]

The centuries old Kurunthottayam market (now known as the "Pandalam market") is one among the largest agricultural markets in central Travancore. The market was situated near the central junction and it was later shifted to a place by the Pandalam-Mavelikkara road. Kerala's widest suspension bridge is constructed at Pandalam over the Achankovil river.[4] The bridge is 70 meter long and 2.5 meter wide.[4]

There are several devotional places at Pandalam of which the most famous are Valiyakoikkal Temple, Mahadeva Temple, Pattupurakkavu Bhagavathi Temple, Thumpamon Vadakkumnatha Temple, Kadakkadu Sree Bhadrakali Temple, Kadakkad Juma Masjid, Thumpamon St. Mary's Orthodox Cathedral, and St. Bursouma's Orthodox Church,St Peters Malankara Catholic church.

Legend[edit]

According to legend, Lord Ayyappan, the presiding deity of Sabarimala had his human sojourn at Pandalam as the adopted son of the King of Pandalam.[5] [6] During Sabarimala pilgrimage season, devotees come to Pandalam in large numbers to worship the deity of Valiyakoikkal Temple near the Pandalam Palace.[7] This temple is on the banks of river Achenkovil. Three days prior to the Makaravilakku festival, the Thiruvabharanam (sacred ornaments) is taken in a procession from Pandalam to Sabarimala.[8]

History[edit]

It is believed that the Pandya kings of Tamil Nadu fled to Pandalam in the face of an attack from Cholas[9] and settled there in the land they bought from Kaipuzha Thampan, a landlord. The Pandya dynasty had provinces on either sides of the Western Ghats. The King of Pandalam helped Marthanda Varma to conquer the Kayamkulam province. In return for this help, Marthanda Varma did not attempt to attack and conquer Pandalam, during the expansion of his kingdom. The princely state of Pandalam had extended up to Thodupuzha in Idukki district once. Pandalam was added to Travancore in 1820.

Before the formation of Pathanamthitta district, Pandalam was in Mavelikara taluk of Alappuzha district. Pandalam is a panchayat which was once converted to a municipality. The popular opinion is to convert the place to a municipality again.[10]

Notable personalities[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ayurveda varsity taking shape at Pandalam — Defunct sugar mill's brush with health". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Pandalam to be made a special township: V.S. Sivakumar". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Government to set up township at Pandalam". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Suspension bridge at Pandalam gets ready". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Roshen Dalal (2010). The Religions of India: A Concise Guide to Nine Major Faiths. Penguin Books. p. 43. ISBN 9780143415176. 
  6. ^ Caroline Osella, Filippo Osella (2006). Men and Masculinities in South India. Anthem Press. p. 145. ISBN 1843312328. 
  7. ^ http://sabarimala.kerala.gov.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=90&Itemid=92
  8. ^ "Hundreds throng Pandalam to worship Thiruvabharanam". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Yoginder Sikand (2003). Sacred Spaces: Exploring Traditions of Shared Faith in India. Navi Mumbai: Penguin Books. p. 27. ISBN 9780143029311. 
  10. ^ "TDB member promises transparency". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 December 2013.