Papanasam

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This article is about the town in Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu, India. For other uses, see Papanasam (disambiguation).
Papanasam
பாபநாசம்
Panchayat Town
Papanasam is located in Tamil Nadu
Papanasam
Papanasam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°56′00″N 79°17′00″E / 10.9333°N 79.2833°E / 10.9333; 79.2833Coordinates: 10°56′00″N 79°17′00″E / 10.9333°N 79.2833°E / 10.9333; 79.2833
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Thanjavur
Elevation 22 m (72 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 16,397
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 614 205
Telephone code 914374
Vehicle registration TN-68

Papanasam is a panchayat town in Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The town is 25 km from Tanjore and 15 km from Kumbakonam. There are 4 rivers named Cauvery, Thirumalairajan, Arasalaru and KudaMurutti.

The name of the town literally means "Destruction of Sins" in the Tamil language.

Geography[edit]

Papanasam is a taluk and panchayat town of Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu, located at 10°56′00″N 79°17′00″E / 10.9333°N 79.2833°E / 10.9333; 79.2833. It has an average elevation of 22 metres (72 ft).

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).

Climate data for Papanasam (altitude: 37m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
31.1
(88)
33.6
(92.5)
35.3
(95.5)
36.7
(98.1)
36.7
(98.1)
35.4
(95.7)
34.8
(94.6)
34.2
(93.6)
32.1
(89.8)
29.7
(85.5)
28.5
(83.3)
33.12
(91.62)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
26.5
(79.7)
28.5
(83.3)
30.6
(87.1)
31.7
(89.1)
31.6
(88.9)
30.7
(87.3)
30
(86)
29.6
(85.3)
28.2
(82.8)
26.4
(79.5)
25.1
(77.2)
28.68
(83.64)
Average low °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
21.9
(71.4)
23.5
(74.3)
26
(79)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.1
(79)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
24.3
(75.7)
23.1
(73.6)
21.8
(71.2)
24.32
(75.78)
Precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.38)
12
(0.47)
13
(0.51)
36
(1.42)
55
(2.17)
39
(1.54)
60
(2.36)
134
(5.28)
99
(3.9)
198
(7.8)
208
(8.19)
137
(5.39)
1,026
(40.41)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 37m)[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Papanasam had a population of 16,397. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Papanasam has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 70%. In Papanasam, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History[edit]

108 Shivalayam

There are two temples; The Pallaivanatha Swamy temple constructed by the Chola King and the other is the 108 Sivalayam temples. There is also a Granary (storehouse of paddy) which measure 86 feet (26 m) in width and has a height of 36 feet (11 m) with a capacity of 3,000 kalam. The Nayaks between 1600–1634 constructed it. The State Archaeological Department declared it a monument.

This is also the birthplace of great people like Poet Papanasam Sivan and Sri Sri Ravishankar of Art Of Living.

Education[edit]

Computer Centre[edit]

  • PIXEL INFO TECH, Railway Station Road, Papanasam
  • IMAGE SYSTEMS ,MAIN ROAD ,PAPANASAM

Schools[edit]

  • S.I(B.M.S)Higher Secondary School, Valuthoor.
  • S.I(B.M.S)Nur Pri School,Valuthoor.
  • Alif Matriculation School, Valuthoor.
  • Saraswathi Ammaal Elementary School, Valuthoor.
  • Al-Mubeen Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Ayyampet.
  • Star-Lions Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Ayyampet.
  • Pattukkottai Alagiri Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Mani Matriculation Hr Sec School.
  • The High School Umayalpuram.
  • Panchayat Union Primary School.
  • St.Mary's Higher Secondary School.
  • Govt.Girls Higher Secondary School.
  • Govt.Higher Secondary School.(Boys)
  • RC High School.
  • St.Bastins Matriculation Higher Secondary School.
  • Christ The King Nursery Primary School, Thirupalathurai.
  • Tansri Ubaidulla Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Rajagiri.
  • Kasmiya Higher Secondary School, Rajagiri.
  • RDB National Matriculation School. Rajagiri.
  • Crescent Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Pandaravadai.
  • Soofi Nagar elementary school, Pandaravadai.
  • Sakesphere Nur Pri School.
  • RDB Matriculation School.
  • Andrews Matriculation School
  • Jack And Jill Matric School.
  • Srividyasram Matriculation School, vadakurangaduthurai.

College[edit]

  • RDB College of Arts and Science www.rdbcollege.com

Railway station[edit]

The station is between Thanjavur and Kumbakonam where all passenger and express trains (except weekly express) are stop here. Three consecutive railway stations are in Papanasam Taluk which are Pandaravadai, Ayyampettai and Pasupathikoil.

Reservation Time at Papanasam Railway Station

Morning 10:00 to 12:00
Evening 16:00 to 18:00
Train No. Type Timings Place
16179E Exp 03:39 Mannargudi
16106E Exp 04:40 Chennai
16232E Exp 05:10 Mayiladuthurai
16183E Exp 06:08 Thanjavur
56811 Pass 07:14 Trichy
56039 Pass 08:22 Thanjavur
56824 Pass 08:48 Mayiladuthurai
16233E Exp 08:49 Trichy
06190E Exp 10:01 Mayiladuthurai
16854E Exp 10:43 Chennai
76826 Pass 11:42 Mayiladuthurai
56821 Pass 12:09 Tirunelveli
16234E Exp 13:53 Mayiladuthurai
16853E Exp 14:23 Trichy
56822 Pass 15:35 Mayiladuthurai
06191E Exp 16:37 Thanjavur
16231E Exp 18:29 Mysore
56040 Pass 18:38 Mayiladuthurai
76825 Pass 19:04 Thanjavur
56812 Pass 19:38 Mayiladuthurai
56823 Pass 20:48 Trichy
16184E Exp 21:04 Chennai
16105E Exp 21:54 Thiruchendur
16180E Exp 23:06 Chennai

Hospitals[edit]

  • Government Hospitals, Papanasam
  • Danvantri Hospitals, Papanasam
  • Dr. T. Rajmohan MD DCH, Papanasam
  • Dr. Neelakandan & Dr. Girish Hospitals, Papanasam
  • Dr. Karunanithi Clinic, Papanasam
  • Thilagavathi PolyClinic, Papanasam
  • Pounpappa Nursing Home, Papanasam
  • Dr. Alagappa Hospital, Papanasam
  • Dr. Krishna Moorthy - Papanasam

Holy Places[edit]

Temples[edit]

  • Sri Ramalingaswami temple - Papanasam, on the Papanasam – Thanjavur Road.
  • 108 Sivalayam temple - Papanasam, on the Papanasam – Thanjavur Road.
  • Srinivasa Perumal Temple - Papanasam.
  • Palaivana Nathar temple - Thiruppalaithurai, Papanasam, on the Papanasam – Kumbakonam Road.

Churches[edit]

  • St. Sebastian's Church - Roman Catholic Parish Church, Kumbakonam Diocese, Parish Priest - Rev. Fr. Peter Arokyadoss.
  • St. Antony's Church - Roman Catholic Non-Parish Church.

Mosques[edit]

  • Big Mosque - Chinna Kadaitheru, Papanasam.
  • Mohideen Andavar - Big Mosque - Small Street, Valoothoor.
  • Madharsha - Masjid - Main Road - Valoothoor.
  • Halima - Masjid - Main Road - Hajiyar St, Valoothoor.

Holy places around Papanasam[edit]

  • Kabisthalam – Gajendra Varadan Temple - 4 km from Papanasam, on the Papanasam – Thiruvaiyaru Road.
  • Nalloor – Kalyana Sundareswarar Temple - 4 km from Papanasam, on the Papanasam-Kumbakonam Road via Vazhapazhakadai.
  • Thiruvalanchuzhi – Karpaga Natheswarar Temple - 7 km from Papanasam, on the Papanasam-Kumbakonam Road .
  • Thirukkarugavoor – Karparatchambigai Temple - 7 km from Papanasam, on the Papanasam-Saliyamangalam Road.
  • Swamimalai – Swaminatha Swami (one of the six houses of Lord.Muruga) - 8 km from Papanasam, on the Papanasam-Kumbakonam Road via Thiruvalanchuzhi.
  • Avoor – Pasupatheeswarar Temple - 8 km from Papanasam, on the Papanasam-Kumbakonam Road via Patteeswaram.
  • Thiruvaigavoor – Vilvavaneswarar Temple - 8 km from Papanasam- mini buses every half hour.
  • Patteeswaram – Dhenupureeswarar Temple - 10 km from Papanasam, on the Papanasam-Kumbakonam Road via Avoor.
  • Soundhara Raja Perumal Kovil – Sundaraperumalkovil ta:சுந்தரபெருமாள் கோவில் - 4 km from Papanasam – town buses and private buses available.
  • Valangaiman- Mariamman Temple - 10 km from Papanasam, on the Papanasam-Kumbakonam Road via Nalloor.
  • Darasuram – Airavadeswarar Temple - 12 km from Papanasam, on the Papanasam-Kumbakonam Road.
  • Karupoor – Akillandasweery Temple - 2 km from Papanasam, on the Kabisthalam-Thiruvaiyaru Road (near Sarukkai village).
  • Thanjavur- Peruvudaiyar Temple- The Big Temple- 26 km from Papanasam.
  • Thiruppalaithurai- Palaivananathar Temple — one kilometre from Papanasam.
  • Valoothoor- Hajrath As Saihu Mohamed Valiullah Darha — Seven kilometre from Papanasam.

Gallery[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Composer, Sivan was also known as Tamil Thyagayya. Using a classical South Indian base, Sivan created numerous hits popularised by M.K.Thyagaraja Bhagavathar and MS Subbulakshmi.
  • U.V.Swaminatha Iyer, a great Tamil scholar and researcher, who brought many classical Tamil literature works to light hailed from Uthamadhanapuram, a village near Papanasam.
  • The Late Thiru.G.K. Moopanar, Senior leader of Indian National Congress, parliamentarian, philanthropist, patron of art and music.
  • Late Thiru. N.Venkata Raghavan, Madras High Court Advocate - A devoted legal professional who has advised numerous organizations; written columns; delivered speeches in various platforms with regard to empowering the weaker sections of the society.
  • Sri Sri Ravishankar – A divine leader who is famous for conducting 'Art of Living' courses all over the world.
  • Umayalpuram Shri K. Sivaraman, world renowned Mirudangam Mastero hails from a small village Umayalpuram which is near Papanasam
  • Late Janaki (1923 – May 19, 1996) who was the wife of Ex. Chief minister of Tamil Nadu. Sri Papanasam sivan had an elder brother Rajagopal Iyer whose daughter V. N. Janaki was an actress and wife of former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. She was born to Rajagopal Iyer and Narayani Amma in the town of Vaikom in Kerala State. Her father's younger brother was Papanasam Sivan. She was a successful actress and starred in more than 25 movies including Mohini, Raja Mukthi, Velaikaari, Aiyiram Thalaivangiya Aboorva Chintamani, Devaki and Marudhanaattu Ilavarasi. She starred opposite M. G. Ramachandran in many films whom she later married

Politics[edit]

Papanasam assembly constituency is part of Mayiladuturai (Lok Sabha constituency).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Climate: Papanasam (altitude: 37m) - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2013-12-29. 
  2. ^ "Climate: Papanasam (altitude: 76m) - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2013-12-29. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 

External links[edit]