Papanasam Sivan

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Papanasam Sivan (Tamil: பாபநாசம் சிவன்) (September 26, 1890 – October 10, 1973) was a prominent composer of Carnatic music and a singer. He also foremost film score composer in Kannada cinema as well as Tamil cinema in 1930s and 40s.[1]

A famous composer, Sivan was also known as Tamil Thyagaraja. Using Classical South Indian as a base, Sivan created numerous hits popularized by M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar and M. S. Subbulakshmi.

In 1962, he was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship the highest honour conferred by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama.[2]

Early years[edit]

Papanasam Sivan's early years were spent in the Travancore area of Kerala where the kings patronized fine arts. He was born at Polagam Village in the district of Thanjavur, which was home to the illustrious musical trinity of Carnatic music. His given name was Ramaiya. In 1897, when Ramaiya was just 7, his father died. His mother Yogambal, along with her sons, left Thanjavur and were forced to move to trivandram in 1899 to seek the aid of his uncle. At Thiruvananthapuam, Ramaiya learned Malayalam and later he joined the Maharaja Sanskrit college and obtained a degree in grammar.

Ramaiya was very religious, and with death of his mother Yogambal in 1910, when he was 20, became even more so. He wandered from place to place visiting temples and singing devotional songs. Ramaiya used to be an active participant in the devotional music sessions at the home of Neelakandasivan in Thiruvananthapuram. Thus he learned many of the musical compositions of Neelakandasivan. In this period, his wanderings would take him regularly to the temple at Papanasam, where he would smear bhasma all over his body. Hence people began to refer him as Papanasam Sivan, the name by which he was to become well known later.

He picked up his first music lessons from Noorani Mahadeva Bhagavatar, son of Parameswara Bhagavatar. Later he became the disciple of Konerirajapuram Vaidyanath Iyer, a well-known musician, under whose tutelage Sivan blossomed into a consummate artiste that he was.

In spite of his deep knowledge of music, Papanasam Sivan was more interested in the devotional aspect of music. He preferred to sing devotional songs and encouraged other singers take part in sessions of devotional music with him. Papanasam Sivan was a regular in all the major temple festivals in South India with his devotional songs.

Later in 1962 Papanasam Sivan received the President award and in 1969 he received the Sangeetha Kalasikhamani award bestowed on him by The Indian Fine Arts Society, Chennai. He was conferred the Sangita Kalanidhi in 1971

Family[edit]

Ramaiya (Papanasam Sivan) has a daughter Dr. Rukmani Ramani who is a leading Carnatic Musician in Chennai. Shri Papanasam sivan had three daughters and two son. Ashok Ramani who is his grandson is also a successful Carnatic Musician. Another daughter by name Nila Ramamurthy also used to compose Carnatic music.He had two sons named Ramadoss and P.S.Krithivasan, and is survived by children named K.Ganapathy and K. Balathiripura sundari. K.Ganapathy is a mechanical engineer by full-time profession and is also into part-time light music- performing for various orchestras in and around chennai. K.Balathiripura sundari has learnt carnatic music and currently teaches music to aspiring students of Mumbai. Many of Sri papanasams kritis has the mudhirai ' ramadasa' in tribute to his son. Sri Papanasam sivan had an elder brother Rajagopal Iyer whose daughter V. N. Janaki was an actress and wife of former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. Rajagopal Iyer also had a son P. Narayanan who was a great educationist in Chennai.

Sri Papansam Kumjumani Bhagavathar, Sri Papanasam Ramani Bhagavathar, Smt Radha Kalyanaraman(Vocalist), Sri Papanasam Kumar (Mrudangist), Master Sankaranarayanan R (Mrudangist), Master Gokul Kumar (Violinist), Kum. Sruthi Kumar (Vocalist and Veena player), Kum. Anita Sivaraman (Dancer) are noted artists, Kumar Rajendran (Advocate) and Dr.Latha Rajendran (Special Educator) who are grand/great-grandsons and grand/great-grand daughters of Rajagopala Iyer and related to Papanasam sivam.

Compositions[edit]

Composition Raga Tala Type Language Other Info Audio Links
Abayaambikaaramani sankarabharanam
Adimalarinaiyallaal pharaju
amba Nee irangayenil Atana 'adi' 'Sudha Raghunathan-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UdH-xkME1Pk&list=PL4VMfU6FDx--pmfFZ-9I6uwwG39YzoSN6&index=7'
Ambikaye Kharaharapriya Adi Varnam Tamil
Andavane Shanmukhapriya 'Nithyasree Mahadevan-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WFGqkcJLdxw'
Alavillaiye mukhaari
Anbilaiye kamaas
Balakrishna Dhanyasi Nishevitha Ramesh

- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f1y9n4_fg5o

Candra kalaavadamsam sankarabharanam
Chittham Iranga shahana 'misrachappu' 'sathya-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kmqFNIxZLQM'
Cittam magizhvittidudu bilahari
Dasarataatmajam poorvi kalyaani
Devi paadam paninden Hanumatodi 'Priya Sisters - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yBkuBCrYOXs'
Devi Neeye Thunai Keeravani 'Radha Vishwanathan - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0RDLDPQlDU'

'P. Unni Krishnan-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w52f7hGhtt8'

Dharma samvarttani taaye naatta
Durgaalakshmi saraswati aarab, yamunaa kalyaani
Eesane inda chakravakam
Enadhu Manam Harikambhoji 'Sanjay Subrahmanyan-http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AfFNQOwSvHI'
Enda vidamum mukhaari
Ennatavam seydane yesodaa kaapi

Saketa Raman - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a0RGxUXOZRs
'Sudha Raghunathan-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efsqGgf2KUg&list=PL4VMfU6FDx--pmfFZ-9I6uwwG39YzoSN6&index=4'

Gangaiyani hanumatodi
Gajavadana karunaa shree ranjani 'adi' 'Savitha Narasimman -https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SAj49DrZdAU'
'Prashanth Krishnamoorthy-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LxnZnTSpE9U'
Gowri Manohara Kripakara gowrimanohari
Ihapara menumeru simhendramadhyamam
Inbamenbadilaiye kaanadaa
Kaana kan kodi kambhoji
Kaanarasamudan begada
Kaartikeya gaangeya hanumatodi 'Radha Viswanathan -https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xe8UzGl9M8k'
Kaa vaa vaa Varaali 'adi' 'Sudha Raghunathan-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WWr7GZCjxTI&list=PL4VMfU6FDx--pmfFZ-9I6uwwG39YzoSN6&index=3'
Kadaikkan nokki hanumatodi
Kadaikkan paarvaiyadu kamaas
Kali teerumo hanumatodi
Kallaada ezhaiyallavo saveri
Kanindarul purindaal kalyani 'Tamil'
Kanmana murugacceyya shurutti
Kannan madhura idhazhai bhimpalaas 'Tamil'
Kapali mohanam
Karpagaambike bilahari
Karpagaambikai Nee Allavo Behaag Nishevitha Ramesh

- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7y1Svvn2pg

Karpagame Madhyamavati

Nithyasree Mahadevan - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eIUdUYLbYNo

Karunai Varumo Enrenginen Charukesi 'Adi' 'Carnatic' 'Tamil' N Ramamurthy - http://mio.to/album/10-classical_carnatic_vocal/3166-Ramamurthy_N/#/album/10-classical_carnatic_vocal/3166-Ramamurthy_N/'
Ksheera Saagara Sayee Poorvi Kalyani Nishevitha Ramesh

- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hO2r6nFzTPY

Kumaran taal yadukula kaambhoji
Kunran kudi hanumatodi
Maa ramanan hindolam 'Sudha Raghunathan - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukOo5hj2cgo'
Maal marugaa vasantaa
Mahalakshmi Jaganmathaa 'https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l8XOgVCEt8I'
Mahaaprabo shree arabhi
Malarinai tunaiye reeti gowla 'Tamil'
Maname kanamum 'M.S.Subbulakshmi - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZwsgfnfPauE'
Mariyaadai taano dhanyasi
Marundalittarul gowla
Mayil vAhanA - mohanam Tamil

Priya Sisters - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hWpHBIVAg38

Mulaadhaara murthe hamsadhvani Tamil

Priya Sisters - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KnEIxq0hzgc

Naamamuravu darbaar
Naan oru vilayaattu bommaiyaa navarasa kannada 'Nithyasree Mahadevan-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kSr496QGNb4'
' gowri-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJF4pXDzsRw'
'Abhishek Raghuram-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RM6OgO1WZfo
Naaraayana divya naamam mohanam
Nee arul puriya vendum keeravani
Nee gadiyaladu bhairavi
Neeyallavo kamavardani
Nekk-urugi abhogi 'Aruna Sairam - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hjmVw9lbbUU '
Ninai maname anandabhairavi
Paadamalare tanycam kedaaram
Paamalai inai undo harikambhoji
Paarvati naayakane shanmukhapriya 'adi' 'Sudha Raghunathan-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHqNPqcSnLY'
Padamalare gaiyena mayamalavagowla
Padumaabhan marugaa nagasvaravali
Paraamukham enaiyaa kharaharapriya
Paraashakti jananee hamsadhvani
Paraatpara vachaspati 'sandeep bharadwaj - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4kzxiO0d8Ms'
Parpala porpani (kanni) kamaas
Patita paavana raama hanumatodi
Piravaa varam latangi

Vijayalakshmy Subramaniam - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4RMHpHASzc

Piraviyadanaar sahana
Raadhaa mukhakamala hindustaani kaapi
Raagagopaala devaadi devane hanumatodi
Raamam bhajata shree
Saamagaana lolane hindolam
Saamaja vara gamana madhyamavati
Saa sapaa nabonipaa hamsadhvani
Sada siva kumara sudhasaveri 'T.M.krishna-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amEmjMxNmuA'
Sharanam ayyappaa mukhaari 'Sreeranjini Kodampally-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-IY7F4m8qWo'
Sharavana bhava guhane madhyamavati
Sharavana Bhava Enum Shanmugapriya Nishevitha Ramesh

- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eH4KXL6VnnY

Sivagangaa nagara punnaagavaraali
Sivakaama sundaree jagadamba mukhaari

Vani Sateesh - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPdeutoWoRY

Sivakaama sundaree jagadamba surutti

Abhishek Raghuram - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXLT-0BNUCU

Shree ganapatiye deva manohari
Shree shrI vallI dEva sEnApatE natta bhairavi 'Abhishek Raghuram-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OKClbVfXqbg'
Shree maadhavaa behaag
Sreenivaasa tava kharaharapriya
Shreenivaasa tiruvenkata hamsanandi
Shreeraaman ravikulasoman naaraayana gowla
Shree shhanmukam bhairavi
Shree vaataapi ganapatiye sahana
Sikkal meviya kambhoji
Singaaravelavan vandaan anandabhairavi
Sollu paapaa (paapaa kanni) mukhaari
Sopana Vazhvil Sivakavi mukhaari 'M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hWpHBIVAg38'
Sree valli deva sena pathe Natabhairavi
Swaamy sharanam anandabhairavi
Swami Nan Undran Natakurinji 'Adi' Sudha Raghunathan-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=asipFmKxdF4'
Swaami unran caranam bilahari
, Swamikku Sari Evare Kedaragaula 'Bombay Jayashree-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XfLn3nVDGV4'
Taamasam en swaamy hanumatodi
Taaye ezhaipaal bhairavi 'Nedunuri - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2sXfOc2hV8'
Tanigai valar todi
Tattvamariya taramaa reeti gowla

Priya Sisters - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQy1JvFkXbs
Radha Jayalakshmi - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vnxvv8LfnjI
Nithyasree Mahadevan - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qp6p6zf-r9s
T.S Sankaran (Flute) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nko5YJYIAr0

Tinameede natriname bhupalam
Tirukkumaranaa yavadarittaar sankarabharanam
Tiruvalar mayilaiyun (kanni) kamaas
Tiruvazhundoor vaazh dhanyasi
Tunai purindarul shuddha hindolam
Unadu dayai enai kamavardani
Undenru urudi harikambhoji
Undu kuladeivaraaman hanumatodi
Unnaiyalla vere gatiyillai Kalyani 'Adi' 'Sudha Ragunathan-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=waIkEkP8i7c'
Unnaittudikka kuntala varaali
Un paadame punnaagavaraali
Vaanor vanangu anandabhairavi
Vandadellaam varattum huseni
Swami Nan Undan Adimai Naattakurinji

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mark Slobin (29 September 2008). Global Soundtracks: Worlds of Film Music. Wesleyan University Press. pp. 122–. ISBN 978-0-8195-6882-3. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "SNA: List of Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna Puraskar winners (Akademi Fellows)". Official website. 

See also[edit]