Paranaguá

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Paranaguá
Municipality
Município de Paranaguá
Municipality of Paranaguá
Ilha da Cotinga as seen from the top ofthe Palácio do Café
Ilha da Cotinga as seen from the top of
the Palácio do Café
Flag of Paranaguá
Flag
Coat of arms of Paranaguá
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Berço da civilização paranaense
Mãe do Paraná
Grande mar redondo
Location of Paranaguá in Paraná
Location of Paranaguá in Paraná
Paranaguá is located in Brazil
Paranaguá
Paranaguá
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 25°31′15″S 48°30′34″W / 25.52083°S 48.50944°W / -25.52083; -48.50944Coordinates: 25°31′15″S 48°30′34″W / 25.52083°S 48.50944°W / -25.52083; -48.50944
Country  Brazil
Region South
State Bandeira do Paraná.svg Paraná
Founded July 29, 1648
Government
 • Mayor Edison Kersten
(2013–2016)
Area
 • Total 826.674 km2 (319.181 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 148,232
 • Metro density 169.92/km2 (440.1/sq mi)
  [1]
Demonym Parnanguara
Time zone BRT (UTC−3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC−2)
[1]
Panorama of old port of Paranaguá waterfront area

Paranaguá (Great Round Sea, in Tupi) is a city in the state of Paraná in Brazil. Founded in 1648, it is Paraná's oldest city. It is known for the Port of Paraná, which serves as both the sea link for Curitiba, 110 kilometres (68 mi) to the north and the capital of Paraná, and as one of the largest ports of Brazil.[2]

As of 2013, the city has an estimated population of 148,232 and a population density of 169.92 persons per km², making it the tenth most populated city in the state of Paraná. The total area of the city is 826.674 km2 (319.18 sq mi).[1]

HDI(2000): 0.782

Port of Paranaguá[edit]

The economy of the city is driven by the deepwater Port of Paranaguá, which dates to the 16th century. The port was a point of entry for the settlement of the south of Brazil beginning early in the colonial period. It exports the largest volume of agricultural products of any of the ports of Brazil, notably of grain grown in the southern regions of the country. The port is also a major trade center of automobiles, fertilizer, lumber, paper, petroleum products, salt, soy beans, and sugar. It is administered by the Port Administration of Paranaguá and Antonina (Administração dos Portos de Paranaguá e Antonina), which was created by the state of Paraná in 1947.[2]

Climate[edit]

Although Paranaguá is situated in the southern part of Brazil, where temperatures are cooler, it is known for its very sultry summers and relatively mild winters.

Summer

Paranaguá is one of Paraná's hottest cities in the summer. Temperatures above 35°C (95°F) happen rather frequently from January through early March, but rarely reaching 40ºC (104ºF).

Winter

The coolest month of the year is usually July, with average highs of 21-22°C and lows of around 13°C. After the passage of cold fronts, temperatures usually dip below 10ºC (50ºF), but very rarely below 5ºC (41ºF).

Sports[edit]

Rio Branco Sport Club is the city football club. In 2006, the club disputed the Campeonato Brasileiro Série C. Estádio da Estradinha is the city stadium.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Paranaguá is served by Paranaguá Airport, a small general aviation airport. The closest international airport to the city is Afonso Pena International Airport in São José dos Pinhais, which is directly adjacent to Curitiba.[3]

Sister Cities[edit]

Paranaguá is sister cities with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "O Cidades: Paraná-Paranaguá" (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Port of Paranagá". Paranaguá, PR, Brazil: Administração dos Portos de Paranaguá e Antonina - APPA. 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  3. ^ "Aeroporto Internacional de Curitiba - Afonso Pena" (in Portuguese). Brasilía, DF, Brazil: Empresa Brasileira de Infraestrutura Aeroportuária, Estrada do Aeroporto, Setor de Concessionárias. 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-26.