at a political rally in 2007
|Born||Rachmil Pinchus Ben Mosha Cohon
October 10, 1941
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Years active||1967 - present|
|Spouse(s)||Marilyn McCann (1975–1998); divorced
Stefanie Pleet (1998–present)
|Children||daughter, Ariel (out of wedlock); a son and daughter by first marriage|
Peter Coyote (born Rachmil Pinchus Ben Mosha Cohon; October 10, 1941) is an American actor, author, director, screenwriter and narrator of films, theatre, television and audiobooks. His voice work includes narrating the opening ceremony of the 2002 Winter Olympics and Apple's iPad Retina Display campaign. He has also served as on-camera co-host of the 2000 Oscar telecasts. His speaking voice helped him win an Emmy Award in 1992 for narration of "The Meiji Revolution" episode of the PBS series The Pacific Century. He has often been compared with actor Henry Fonda.
Coyote was one of the founders of the Diggers, an anarchist improv group active in Haight-Ashbury during the mid-1960s. Coyote was also an actor, writer and director with the San Francisco Mime Troupe; his prominence in the San Francisco counterculture scene led to his being interviewed for the book Voices from the Love Generation. He acted in and directed the first cross-country tour of The Minstrel Show, and his play Olive Pits, co-authored with Mime Troupe member Peter Berg, won the troupe an Obie Award from the Village Voice. Coyote became a member, and later chairman, of the California Arts Council from 1975 to 1983. In the late 1970s, he shifted from acting on stage to acting in films. In the 1990s and 2000s (decade), he acted in several television shows. He speaks fluent Spanish and French.
Coyote was born in New York City, the son of Ruth (née Fidler) and Morris Cohon, an investment banker. His father was of Sephardic Jewish descent and his mother came from a working-class Ashkenazi Jewish family. Her father, trained as a rabbi in Russia, escaped being drafted into the Imperial Russian Army, and eventually ran a small candy store in the Bronx. Coyote "was raised in a highly intellectual, cultural but unreligious family", involved in left-wing politics. He grew up in Englewood, New Jersey and graduated from the Dwight Morrow High School there in 1960. Coyote later said that he was "half black and half white inside" due to the strong influence of Susie Nelson, his family's African-American housekeeper.
While a student at Grinnell College, Iowa in 1961, Coyote was one of the organizers of a group of twelve students who traveled to Washington, D.C. during the Cuban Missile Crisis supporting U.S. President John F. Kennedy's "peace race". Kennedy invited the group into the White House, the first time protesters had ever been so recognized, and they met for several hours with McGeorge Bundy. The group received wide press coverage. They mimeographed the resulting headlines and sent them to every college in the United States.
Once he graduated from Grinnell College with a BA in English literature in 1964, Coyote moved to the west coast, despite having been accepted at the Iowa Writers' Workshop, and commenced working towards a Master's Degree in creative writing at San Francisco State University.
While still at Grinell College, Coyote ingested peyote and had an hallucination in which he saw his footprints as coyote paw-prints. A few years later, he came across Coyote's Journal, a poetry magazine and recognized its logo as the same paw-prints he has seen during his drug-induced experience. It was this that caused him to change his name to Coyote, after meeting Rolling Thunder (John Pope), a self-styled shaman, who felt that the experience was spiritually significant.
After a short apprenticeship at the San Francisco Actor's Workshop, he joined the San Francisco Mime Troupe, a radical political street theater whose members were arrested for performing in parks without permits. Coyote acted, wrote scripts, and directed in the Mime Troupe. Coyote directed the first cross-country tour of The Minstrel Show, Civil Rights in a Cracker Barrel, a controversial play closed by authorities in several cities.
From 1967 to 1975, Coyote was a prominent member of the San Francisco counterculture community and a founding member, along with Emmett Grogan, Peter Berg, Judy Goldhaft, Kent Minault, Nina Blasenheim, David Simpson, Jane Lapiner, and Billy Murcott, of the Diggers, an anarchist group known for operating anonymously and without money. They created provocative "theater" events designed to heighten awareness around issues of private property, consumerism, and identification with one's work. They fed nearly 600 people a day for "free", asking only that people pass through a six-foot by six-foot square known as The Free Frame of Reference. They ran a Free Store, (where not only the goods, but the management roles were free), a Free Medical Clinic, and even a short-lived Free Bank. The Diggers evolved into a group known as the Free Family, which established chains of communes around the Pacific Northwest and Southwest. Coyote was the best known resident of the Black Bear Ranch commune in Siskiyou County, California.
He was a friend of Rolling Thunder, a Shoshone Medicine man who cured him of Hepatitis A, using traditional medicine. He has also been a friend of Leonard Peltier, a Native American activist and member of the American Indian Movement (AIM). since the 1960s and along with author Peter Mathiessen, is one of Peltier's two non-native advisers.
Of this period of his life, Coyote wrote in Sleeping Where I Fall,
The failure to curb personal indulgence was a major collective error. Our journeys down the path along with Verlaine and Rimbaud, disordered our senses, senselessly wasted young lives, and often sabotaged what we labored so diligently to construct. ... It is the artist's responsibility to manifest sanity and health—something we did not fully understand.
Coyote had first discovered Zen in his teens via the works of Jack Kerouac, Gary Snyder, and other Beats. Coyote met Snyder with the Diggers and was impressed with Snyder's "gravitas and elegance, his care and deliberation".
Beginning in 1975, Coyote undertook meditation practice and eventually became a dedicated practitioner of American Zen Buddhism, moving into the San Francisco Zen Center. He was later ordained a lay priest in the Sōtō tradition.
Coyote performed audiobook recordings of Shunryu Suzuki's Zen Mind, Beginner's Mind, Paul Reps's Zen Flesh, Zen Bones as well as narrated the documentary Inquiry into the Great Matter: A History of Zen Buddhism.
San Francisco Arts Commission and the California Arts Council
In keeping with his dedication to community-based art, Peter Coyote was employed in the early 1970s by the San Francisco Arts Commission in the historical Neighborhood Arts Program (NAP), with funding from the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA, Pub.L. 93–203), a United States federal law enacted by Congress, signed into law by President Richard Nixon, 1973 to train workers and provide them with jobs in the public service. The San Francisco Arts Commission's Neighborhood Arts/CETA Program was the first in the country to use CETA funds to hire artists to work in service to a city. From this position, Coyote was appointed by Governor Jerry Brown to be a member of the California Arts Council, the state agency which determines art policy for the state. He served on the CAC from 1975 to 1983. After his first year, Coyote was elected chairman by his peers three years in a row and during his tenure as chairman, the Council's overhead expenses dropped from 50% to 15%, the lowest in the State, and the Arts Council budget rose from $1 million to $16 million. More importantly, his council introduced the idea of artists as "creative problem solvers" and by paying artists to "solve problems for the state" rather than make art, they bypassed the objections of many conservative lawmakers. Coyote engineered relationships with 14 departments of State which began to use artists in a variety of capacities, paying 50 cents on the dollar for it. It was an immense success and gave him the confidence (after 12 years in the counter-culture) to try his hand at film-acting.
Film and television acting
In 1978, Coyote began acting again ("to shake the rust out") appearing in plays at San Francisco's award-winning Magic Theatre. While playing the lead in the World Premiere of Sam Shepard's True West, a Hollywood agent approached him, and his film career began in 1980 with Die Laughing. Coyote chose his stage name after a spiritual encounter with a coyote. After telling the story to Rolling Thunder, who challenged him not to dismiss it as a hallucination, he took the name as a way of honoring the encounter. He did supporting roles in Tell Me a Riddle, 1981's Southern Comfort, and as the mysterious scientist "Keys" in E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial (1982). In 1980 he was seriously considered for the role of Indiana Jones in Raiders of the Lost Ark, and auditioned for the part. Coyote's first starring role was in the 1982 science fiction adventure Timerider: The Adventure of Lyle Swann. He also starred in Outrageous Fortune and Jagged Edge. Since then, he has made more than 120 films for theaters and television and has played starring roles for many directors, including Roman Polanski (Bitter Moon), Pedro Almodóvar (Kika), Martin Ritt (Cross Creek), Jean-Paul Rappeneau (Bon Voyage), Diane Kurys (A Man in Love) and Walter Salles (Exposure).
Leonard Maltin once wrote, "Coyote's no rubber-stamp leading man", but he seems comfortable with that. "I'm a Zen Buddhist student first, actor second", Coyote has said. "If I can't reconcile the two lives, I'll stop acting. I spend more time off-screen than on." In addition to his movie work in more recent films such as Sphere, A Walk to Remember, and Erin Brockovich, Coyote has also appeared in many made-for-TV movies and miniseries, and he does commercial voice-overs. Coyote was cast in lead roles on several television series: The 4400 in 2004 and The Inside in 2005. After The Inside was canceled, Coyote returned to The 4400 as a special guest star for their two-part season finale, then joined the cast of ABC's series Commander in Chief as the Vice President of the United States, and the next year did a four episode turn as Sally Field's disreputable boyfriend in Brothers & Sisters.
Also in 2005, Coyote served as the narrator for several prominent projects including the documentary film Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room and the National Geographic-produced PBS documentary based on Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel. He also narrated an episode of the series Lost in April 2006. In 2008, he narrated Torturing Democracy, a documentary produced by PBS which details the Bush administration's use of "enhanced interrogation techniques" in the War on Terror. He also narrated the 12-hour Ken Burns series on the National Parks, and 15 episodes for the National Geographic Explorer series. In 2010 he narrated the documentary Solitary Confinement on the effect of long-term isolation, with footage taken from Colorado State Penitentiary where all prisoners are held this way. In 2014, he appeared in the TNT television series Perception, as the father of the main character, Dr. Daniel Pierce, and narrated Burns' The Roosevelts: An Intimate History.
Coyote's left-wing politics are evident in his articles for Mother Jones magazine, some of which he wrote as a delegate to the 1996 Democratic National Convention; in his disagreements with David Horowitz; and in his autobiography Sleeping Where I Fall. In 2006, he developed a political television show for Link TV called "The Active Opposition" and in 2007 created Outside the Box with Peter Coyote starting on Link TV's special, Special: The End of Oil – Part 2.
Many of Coyote's stories from the 1967 to 1975 counter-culture period are included in his memoir, Sleeping Where I Fall, published by Counterpoint Press in April 1998. One of the stories incorporated into his book is "Carla's Story," about a 16-year-old mother who lived communally with Coyote, and who, after learning of her husband's murder, became a drug addict, then a prostitute, had her children stolen, and continued to spiral downhill until she turned her life around. This story was published in Zyzzyva, and awarded the 1993–1994 Pushcart Prize. He also states he was a close friend of singer Janis Joplin. Coyote has a website, which features the titles of all his movies and extended samples of much of his writing. He is a member at RedRoom.com, a web-site for authors.
Television and film actor
- Alcatraz: The Whole Shocking Story (1980) .... Courtney Taylor
- Die Laughing (1980) .... Davis
- Timerider: The Adventure of Lyle Swann (1982) .... Porter Reese
- E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982) .... Keys
- Cross Creek (1983) .... Norton Baskin
- Slayground (1983 ) .... Stone
- Heartbreakers (1984) .... Blue
- The Legend of Billie Jean (1985) .... Detective Larry Ringwald
- Jagged Edge (1985) .... Thomas Kasny
- The Blue Yonder (1985) .... Max Knickerbocker
- Outrageous Fortune (1987) .... Michael Sanders
- Un homme amoureux (1987) .... Steve Elliott
- Stacking (1987) .... Photographer
- Heart of Midnight (1988) .... Sharpe/Larry
- The Man Inside (1990) ... Henry Tobel
- A Grande Arte (1991) .... Peter Mandrake
- Keeper of the City (1991) .... Frank Nordhall
- Road to Avonlea (1991) .... Romney Penhallow
- Bitter Moon (1992) .... Oscar
- Kika (1993) .... Nicholas
- That Eye, the Sky (1994) .... Henry Warburton
- Breach of Conduct (1994) .... Col. Andrew Case
- Moonlight and Valentino (1995) .... Paul
- Buffalo Girls (1995) .... Buffalo Bill Cody
- Unforgettable (1996) .... Don Bresler
- Murder in My Mind (1997) .... Arthur Lefcourt
- Sphere (1998) .... Captain Harold C. Barnes
- Patch Adams (1998) .... Bill Davis
- The Basket (1999) .... Martin Conlon
- Random Hearts (1999)
- Execution of Justice (1999) .... Harvey Milk
- Erin Brockovich (2000) .... Kurt Potter
- Jack the Dog (2001) .... Alfred Stieglitz
- Femme Fatale (2002) .... Watts
- A Walk to Remember (2002) ... Reverend Sullivan
- Bon voyage (2003) .... Alex Winckler
- Grand ro´le, Le (2004) .... Rudolph Grichenberg
- Deadwood (2004) .... General Crook
- Law & Order: Trial by Jury (2005) .... Defense Attorney Mike LaSalle
- Independent Lens (2005–2009) .... Narrator
- The Inside (2005) .... Special Agent Virgil \"Web\" Webster
- Deepwater (2005) .... Herman Finch
- A Little Trip to Heaven (2005) .... Frank
- Return of the Living Dead 4: Necropolis (2005) .... Uncle Charles
- Return of the Living Dead 5: Rave to the Grave (2006) .... Uncle Charles
- Commander in Chief (2005–2006) .... Warren Keaton
- The 4400 (2004–2006) .... Dennis Ryland
- Behind Enemy Lines II (2006) .... President Adair T. Manning
- Brothers & Sisters (2007) .... Mark August
- Brain Fitness: Peak Performance (2007) .... host
- Five Dollars a Day (2008) .... Bert Kruger
- Dr. Dolittle: Tail to the Chief .... US President Sterling
- All Roads Lead Home (2008) .... Hock
- NCIS (2008) .... Ned Quinn
- The Lena Baker Story (2008) .... Elliot Arthur
- Adopt A Sailor (2009) .... Charles Evered
- FlashForward (2009).... President Dave Segovia
- The Story of Bonnie and Clyde (2010) .... Smoot Schmid
- Stage Left: A Story of Theater in the Bay Area (2011) .... Himself
- Law & Order: LA (2010–11) .... District Attorney Jerry Hardin
- La Rançon de la gloire (2014)
- Zen Mind, Beginner's Mind (1988)
- Hatchet by Gary Paulsen
- The Education of Little Tree by Forrest Carter
- Contrary Warriors
- The Breathtaker by Alice Blanchard
- The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge by Carlos Castaneda
- National Geographic: Cyclone! (1995)
- The West executive produced by Ken Burns (1996)
- 21st Century Jet: The Building of the Boeing 777 (1996)
- Survivors of the Skeleton Coast (1997)
- The History of Sex (1999)
- Rome: Power & Glory (1999)
- National Geographic: The Battle For Midway produced by Michael Rosenfeld (1999)
- In the Light of Reverence (2001)
- Color of War
- Out of the Blue
- The Shapes of Life: Origins (2002)
- The Four Agreements: A Practical Guide to Personal Freedom by Don Miguel Ruiz
- The Fifth Agreement: A Practical Guide to Self-Mastery by Don Miguel Ruiz
- The Voice of Knowledge : A Practical Guide to Inner Peace (Toltec Wisdom) by Don Miguel Ruiz (2004)
- National Geographic: Guns, Germs, and Steel (Jared Diamond, 2005)
- Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room (2005)
- Understanding: Extraterrestrials
- The Tribe (2005)
- National Geographic Explorer – Journey to an Alien Moon produced by Mark Mannucci
- National Geographic: Lost Treasures of Afghanistan produced by James Barrat (2006)
- National Geographic: The Gospel of Judas produced by James Barrat (2006)
- The War Prayer (2006)
- Fog City Mavericks (2007)
- Hippies (2007)
- Stealing America: Vote by Vote (2008)
- Torturing Democracy (2008)
- What If Cannabis Cured Cancer
- Illicit: The Dark Trade (2008)
- Wings of Thunder (2009)
- National Geographic Explorer : The Virus Hunter (2009)
- National Geographic Explorer : Inside Guantanamo Bay (2009)
- The National Parks: America's Best Idea directed by Ken Burns (2009)
- Full Color Football: The History of the American Football League (2009)
- Reclaiming Their Voice: The Native American Vote in New Mexico & Beyond (2009)
- For the Rights of All: Ending Jim Crow in Alaska
- The Top 100: NFL's Greatest Players (2010)
- Connected: An Autoblogography About Love, Death, & Technology (2011)
- I Am Fishead: Are Corporate Leaders Psychopaths?
- NHL 36: Patrick Kane (2011)
- NHL 36: Patrice Bergeron (2011)
- Prohibition by Ken Burns (2011)
- NHL 36: Niklas Lidstrom (2012)
- NHL 36: Mike Richards (2012)
- NHL 36: James Neal (2012)
- The Dust Bowl (2012) Host and narrator of PBS miniseries directed by Ken Burns
- PBS: The Ghost Army (2013)
- Big Bend: Life on the Edge(2013)
- PBS: The Roosevelts: An Intimate History by Ken Burns (2014)
- Peter Coyote (1998) Sleeping Where I Fall: A Chronicle, autobiography ISBN 1-58243-011-X
- Michael Corrigan (2008) A Year and a Day, a Grief Journal, Idaho State University, ISBN 978-0937834763. Includes Peter Coyote's emails to Michael Corrigan after Corrigan lost his wife.
- Ringolevio: A Life Played for Keeps by Emmett Grogan; 1990
- Contemporary Authors Online (2002) Gale, Detroit
- "Peter Coyote", Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television Vol. 57 (2004) Gale, Detroit
- Official Website, Biography
- Comment on Coyote's voice and 1992 Emmy
- "Peter Coyote's Biography". redroom. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
- "Spring 2004 Newsletter". petercoyote.com. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
- Peter Coyote profile at Film Reference.com
- "Peter Coyote: 'an outsider with a Jewish sense of humor' "
- Tie Dayenu
- Peter Coyote biodata, Jack Magazine. Accessed November 25, 2007. "At fourteen he was a campaign worker in the Adlai Stevenson presidential campaign in his home town of Englewood New Jersey."
- "Susie Nelson's other son" by Al Wheless, The Daily Dispatch, Henderson, North Carolina, April 29, 2008.
- "Krassner reviews 'Sleeping Where I Fall' by Peter Coyote" (Sep/Oct 1999) Tikkun Vol.14 No.5 pp. 71-74
- "Mime Troupe Gets Injunction, Acclaim" (6 Feb 1968) Los Angeles Times
- Overview: who were (are) the Diggers?
- Digger Virtual Free Store
- David Kupfer. "Against The Grain: Peter Coyote On Buddhism, Capitalism, And The Enduring Legacy Of The Sixties". The Sun (426). Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- The Free-Fall Chronicles: Elsa's Story
- Peter Coyote: Hollywood Radical
- Peter Coyote (1998) Sleeping Where I Fall: A Chronicle, Counterpoint Press, Berkeley, California ISBN 1-58243-011-X
- Peter Hosho Jishi Coyote. Interview with Sweeping Zen. June 16, 2008. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
- Zen Flesh, Zen Bones
- "Peter Coyote lay ordained in Mill Valley, CA". Cuke Sangha News. April 22, 2007. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
- Joyce Kleiner (February 15, 2012). "Coyote reflects on wild dogs and the next 1,000 years". The Mill Valley Herald. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- "Inquiry into the Great Matter: A History of Zen Buddhism". Retrieved May 20, 2012.
- Manpower training programs, The Library of Congress
- Video on YouTube
- Peter Coyote's website
- "For the Rights of All: Ending Jim Crow in Alaska Production Team". Retrieved 2014-04-13.
- "ABOUT "I am fishead" MOVIE". Retrieved 2001-02-01.
- Official website
- Peter Coyote at the Internet Movie Database
- The Diggers Archives
- The Free-Fall Chronicles excerpts from Sleeping Where I Fall
- Heyoka Magazine Interview with John LeKay
- Peter Coyote Papers at Special Collections Dept., University Library, University of California, Davis