Petre S. Aurelian (13 December 1833 – 24 January 1909) was a Romanian politician who served as a Prime Minister of Romania between 2 December 1896 and 12 April 1897.
He studied at Saint Sava College, Bucharest and then in France at the Superior School of Agronomy of Grignon, where he studied between 1856 and 1860. After he returned to Romania, he became an engineer at the Public Works Ministry and a Professor at the Agriculture School of Pantelimon, as well as a redactor at the "Monitorul" and "Agronomia" publications.
He was a deputy, a senator, the minister of Public Works (1877–1878 and 1887–1888), of agriculture and of Education (1882–1884).
Aurelian was elected as member of the Romanian Academy in 1871 and was its president between 1896 and 1897. He died in Bucharest on 24 January 1909.