Apostol Arsache

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Apostol Arsache
Apostol Arsache1.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
22 January 1862 – 24 June 1862
Preceded by office established
Succeeded by Alexandru Cantacuzino
acting Prime Minister of Romania
In office
8 June 1862 – 23 June 1862
Monarch Alexandru Ioan Cuza
Preceded by Barbu Catargiu
Succeeded by Nicolae Crețulescu
Personal details
Born 1789 (1789)
Hotovë, Vilayet of Yannina, Ottoman Empire[1]
Died 1869 (1870) (aged 80)
Bucharest

Apostol Arsache (in Romanian) or Apostolos Arsakis (Greek: Απόστολος Αρσάκης; 1792–1874) was a Greek-Romanian politician and philanthropist. He was one of the major benefactors of 19th century Greece,[2] while at the same time he became a leading political figure in Romania.[3]

Arsache was born in the village of Hotovë, Përmet District, southern Albania (Northern Epirus), then in Ottoman Empire. In 1800 Arsache moved together with his family to Vienna, there he was educated in a school of the local Greek diaspora. Among his teachers was Neophytos Doukas, prominent figure of the modern Greek Enlightenment. At 1807 Doukas published an epigram composed by Arsache about the work, Breviarium historiae Romanae, of historian Eutropius.[4] He then went to the University of Halle and studied Medicine.[5] Arsache composed a treatise under the title Έκθεσις συνοπτική της Ιατρικής ιστορίας (Coincise Report of the History of Medicine) in Ancient Greek,[4] which was published at the Greek periodical Hermes o Logios, in Vienna.[5] At 1807 he published his thesis De Piscium Celebro et Medulla Spinali in Latin.[4]

In 1814 he moved to Bucharest, Romania. In the Cabinet of Barbu Catargiu (22 January to 24 June 1862), he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and following Catargiu's assassination on 20 June, Arsache briefly served as interim Prime Minister of Romania.

He became one of the major benefactors of the newly established Greek state. In 1850 he offered large sums of money for the establishment of a female educational institutions in the Greek capital, Athens, housed in a luxurious manions at the city center.[1] Arsache donated a total of 600,000 golden drachmas for this purpose. This institution bore the name Arsakeio after him.[6] Because of his initiative the Greek Parliament gave him honorary Greek citizenship. He also managed to built a school in his home town in 1870.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Benefactors of Filekpaideftiki Etaireia". Φιλεκπαιδευτική Εταιρεία. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Alexakis, Eleftherios. "Benefaction and Benevolence: The Concept of the Pure Gift and Realization of the Community in Greece". Academy of Athens. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Augustinos, Gerasimos (1992). The Greeks of Asia Minor : confession, community, and ethnicity in the nineteenth century. Kent, Ohio u.a.: Kent State Univ. Press. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-87338-459-9. 
  4. ^ a b c d Αναστασιάδου, Αλεξάνδρα. "Ο Ηπειρωτικός Ευεργετισμός ως Συνεκτικός Πολιτισμικός Παράγοντας μεταξύ των Λαών της Δύσης και της καθ' ημάς Ανατολή". Ένωση επιστημόνων Αθηνών. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Οι Ευεργέτες". arsakeio.gr. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Georgeta Filitti-Penelea – Apostol Arsachi. În: PVB, 1995, 1, pp. 57–62.
    Georgeta Filitti-Penelea – Apostol Arsaki – un personaj istoric uitat (Le docteur Apostol Arsaki (XIX s.). În: Magazin Istoric, 1996, 30, nr. 1, pp. 20–22
    Dimitris Michalopoulos, "Apostol Arsachi", Revue Roumaine d'Histoire, tomes XL-XLI (2001–2002), pp. 139–158.
    Dimitris Michalopoulos, Arsaki. La vie d'un homme d'Etat, București: Editura Academiei Române, 2008.