Philip II Philoromaeus
Philip II himself briefly reigned parts of Syria in the 60s BC, as a client king under Pompey. He competed with his second cousin Antiochus XIII Asiaticus for the favours of the great Roman general, but Pompey would have none of them and had Antiochus murdered. No coins of Philip II are known, which is unusual for Seleucid rulers (the ephemeral Seleucus V Philometor is the only other king for which this is the case). This may indicate that Philip did not rule in any of the mint cities.
Philip may have survived his deposition: a Seleucid prince Philip is mentioned as a prospective bridegroom to queen Berenice IV of Egypt, sister of Cleopatra VII in 56 BC. The union was however checked by the Roman governor of Syria Aulus Gabinius who probably had Philip II killed.
Philip himself was indeed an insignificant pawn, but with him ended eleven generations of Seleucid kings, arguably some of the most influential rulers of the Hellenistic world.
- Livius entry by Jona Lendering
Antiochus XIII Asiaticus
Annexation to Roman Republic under Consuls Gaius Antonius Hybrida and Marcus Tullius Cicero
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