Plasmodium species infecting mammals other than primates

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There are Plasmodium species infecting mammals other than primates. The subgenus Vinckeia of Plasmodium was created by Cyril Garnham to accommodate the mammalian parasites other than those infecting primates. Species infecting lemurs have also been included in this subgenus.

P. aegyptensis, P. bergei, P. chabaudi, P. inopinatum, P. yoelli and P. vinckei infect rodents. P. bergei, P. chabaudi, P. yoelli and P. vinckei have been used to study malarial infections in the laboratory. Other members of this subgenus infect other mammalian hosts.

Plasmodium species infecting mammals other than primates
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Protista
Phylum: Apicomplexa
Class: Aconoidasida
Order: Haemosporida
Family: Plasmodiidae
Genus: Plasmodium

Host records[edit]

  • P. anomaluri - African flying squirrel (Anomalurus species)
  • P. landauae - African flying squirrel (Anomalurus species)
  • P. pulmophilium - African flying squirrel (Anomalurus species)


  • P. berghei - P. berghei yoelii
  • P. chabaudi - P. chabaudi adami and P. chabaudi chabaudi
  • P. melanipherum - P. melanipherum monosoma
  • P. vinkei - P. vinckei brucechwatti, P. vinckei petteri and P. vinckei vinckei.
  • P. yoellii - P. yoelli nigeriensis and P. yoelli yoelli.

Less well documented species[edit]

The species listed here from taken from Courtney and Roudabush[6] should be regarded as dubious at least until such time as additional confirmation can be established.

P. achromaticum - the bat (Achromaticatus vesperuginis)

P. brodini - the jumping rat (Petrodromus tetradactylus)

P. melanipherum - Schreiber's bat (Miniopterus schreibersi)

P. melanipherum monosoma - the bat (Vesperugo abramus)

P. murinum - the bat (Vespertilio murinus)



  1. ^ Abd-el-Aziz GA, Landau I, and Miltgen F. (1975) Description of Plasmodium aegyptensis n. sp., presumed parasite of the Muridae Arvicanthis noloticus in Upper Egypt. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp. 50(4):419-424.
  2. ^ Sandosham A.A., Yap L.F., Omar I. (1965) A malaria parasite, Plasmodium (Vinckeia) booliati sp. nov., from a Malayan giant flying squirrel. Med. J. Malaya. 20(1):3-7
  3. ^ Keymer IF. (1966) Studies on Plasmodium (Vinckeia) cephalophi of the grey duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia). Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 60(2):129-138
  4. ^ Landau I, and Chabaud AG (1978) Description of P. cyclopsi n. sp. a parasite of the microchiropteran bat Hipposideros cyclops in Gabon. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp. 53(3):247-253.
  5. ^ Lien J.C., Cross J.H. (1968) Plasmodium (Vinckeia) watteni sp. n. from the Formosan giant flying squirrel, Petaurista petaurista grandis. J. Parasitol. 54(6):1171-1174
  6. ^ Coatney G.R., Roudabush R. L. (1936) A catalog and host-index of the genus Plasmodium. J. Parasitol. 22 (4) 338-353


  • Calomys callosus seems unlikely to be a natural host for P. atheruri as P. atheruri is found in Africa and Calomys callosus in South America.