Polish Red Cross

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Polish Red Cross (Polish: Polski Czerwony Krzyż, abbr. PCK) is the Polish member of International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It was founded in 1919 by Dr. Benjamin Reschovsky[citation needed] of Warsaw City Hospital and recognized by the Red Cross on July 24th 1919. Its first President was Paweł Sapieha.

Polish Soviet War[edit]

Before World War II the PCK operated ambulances for the Polish Army in order to save Army budget. In 1922 after the Polish–Soviet War Polish Red Cross participated in an exchange of Polish and Russian prisoners. Ekaterina Peshkova the chairwoman of organisation, Assistance to Political Prisoners (Pompolit, Помощь политическим заключенным, Помполит),[1] was awarded an order of Polish Red Cross for her participation in the exchange of POWs. [2][3]

WWII in Spain[edit]

In 1942, the eminent Polish cryptologists Marian Rejewski and Henryk Zygalski escaped from occupied France to Spain. Upon arrival they were imprisoned by the Spanish. The Polish Red Cross made arrangements for food packages to be delivered to the prisoners. The Red Cross personnel sent a list in Polish of "Polish Prisoners" who were to receive packages. The Red Cross was later able to secure their release.


  1. ^ http://2002.novayagazeta.ru/nomer/2002/81n/n81n-s39.shtml
  2. ^ (Russian) Yaroslav Leontiev Dear Ekaterina Pavlovna, Russian Germany, N24 -2005
  3. ^ (Russian) Fighters for the Human Rights, Novaya Gazeta, N81, 2002

External links[edit]