Portal:Psychiatry

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Psychiatry

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Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the study and treatment of mental disorders. These mental disorders include various affective, behavioural, cognitive and perceptual abnormalities. The term was first coined by the German physician Johann Christian Reil in 1808, and literally means the 'medical treatment of the mind' (psych-: mind; from Ancient Greek psykhē: soul; -iatry: medical treatment; from Greek iātrikos: medical, iāsthai: to heal). A medical doctor specializing in psychiatry is a psychiatrist. Please see our medical disclaimer for cautions about Wikipedia's limitations.


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Methylphenidate (Ritalin) is a psychostimulant drug approved for treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, and narcolepsy. It may also be prescribed for off-label use in treatment-resistant cases of lethargy, depression, neural insult and obesity. Methylphenidate belongs to the piperidine class of compounds and increases the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain through reuptake inhibition of the monoamine transporters. Methylphenidate (MPH) possesses structural similarities to amphetamine and its pharmacological effects are more similar to those of cocaine, though MPH is less potent and longer in duration of action.
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Karl Jaspers
B. (1883-02-23)February 23, 1883 – d. February 26, 1969(1969-02-26) (aged 86)

Karl Theodor Jaspers (February 23, 1883 – February 26, 1969) was a German psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry and philosophy. After being trained in and practicing psychiatry, Jaspers turned to philosophical inquiry and attempted to discover an innovative philosophical system. He was often viewed as a major exponent of existentialism in Germany, though he did not accept this label.
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Credit: Housed

Risperidone (trade name Risperdal) is a common atypical antipsychotic medication.

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Did you know?

......that folie à deux s a delusional disorder shared by two or more people who are closely related emotionally?
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......that ablative brain surgery, which involves destroying brain tissue by heat or freezing, was used until recently in the People's Republic of China to treat people with schizophrenia?
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......that there was a widespread belief in 19th-century German psychiatry that all forms of mental illness were simple variations of a single unitary psychosis?
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