Princeton Tigers football
|Princeton Tigers Football|
|Athletic director||Gary Walters|
|Head coach||Bob Surace|
|Home stadium||Princeton University Stadium|
|Location||Princeton, New Jersey|
|All-time record||791–369–51 (.674)|
|Postseason bowl record||0–0 (–)|
|Claimed national titles||28|
Orange and Black‹See Tfm› ‹See Tfm›
|Fight song||"Princeton Cannon Song"|
|Marching band||Princeton University Band|
The Princeton Tigers football program represents Princeton University college football at the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA). Princeton’s football program -- along with the football program at nearby Rutgers University -- is the oldest in the world, these two schools having competed against each other in American football's first intercollegiate contest in 1869, and has a legacy that includes the most national championships of any college or university.
First football game
Students from The College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) traveled to New Brunswick, New Jersey on November 6, 1869 to play Rutgers College (now Rutgers University) in a new variant of rugby called football. Rutgers won the inaugural game 6 runs to 4 runs. A week later, Rutgers students traveled to Princeton, New Jersey for a rematch, which Princeton won. Since the teams split the two games series, they were both retroactively awarded a share of the national championship for the 1869 season.
Due in part to their invention of the sport, the Tigers were one of the dominant forces in the early days of intercollegiate football, winning 22 of the first 40 national titles (between 1869 and 1909). As the sport transformed at the hands of figures like John Heisman and Yale’s Walter Camp and more schools began competing, Princeton and the rest of the Ivy League slowly faded out of national championship contention. The Tigers won their last national championship in 1950 when Dick Kazmaier, the 1951 Heisman Trophy winner, was a junior.
Formation of the Ivy League
When Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, Princeton, and Yale Universities, Dartmouth College, and the University of Pennsylvania formed the Ivy League athletic conference in 1955, conference rules prohibited post-season play in football. Princeton had always abstained from post-season play, but other future member schools had participated in bowls. The new policy further insulated Princeton and the Ivy League from the national spotlight. Despite an undefeated season in 1964, Princeton was not among the top 10 teams in the season-ending AP Poll.
NCAA Division I subdivision split
The NCAA split Division I collegiate football into two subdivisions in 1978, then called I-A for larger schools, and I-AA for the smaller ones. The NCAA had devised the split, in part, with the Ivy League in mind, but the conference did not move down for 4 seasons. Unable to play competitively against long-time rival Rutgers anymore, Princeton stopped scheduling them as a football opponent after 1980. Then in 1982 the NCAA created a rule that stated a program’s average attendance must be at least 15,000 to qualify for I-A membership. This forced the conference’s hand, as only some of the member schools met the attendance qualification. Choosing to stay together rather than stand their ground separately in the increasingly competitive I-A subdivision, the Ivy League moved down into I-AA starting with the 1982 season. Despite often finishing its seasons ranked in the championship subdivision, Princeton cannot play in the NCAA Division I Football Championship per Ivy League rules.
Since the formation of the Ivy League, Princeton has achieved moderate success on the gridiron, with ten Ivy League championships and 10 Big Three championships since 1955. Most recently, Princeton instituted a head coaching change as ten-year coach Roger Hughes was replaced by Cincinnati Bengals assistant offensive line coach Bob Surace. Surace was an All-Ivy league center at Princeton and graduated in 1990.
Stadium and facilities
In 1914, Princeton built Palmer Stadium, the third college football stadium ever built and what was the second oldest standing college stadium until its demolition in 1996. Palmer Stadium was modeled after the Greek Olympic stadium and seated 45,750 spectators. In the 1990s the university decided to demolish it for a new stadium rather than undertake a long and expensive renovation process, as Harvard had with its stadium in 1984.
Princeton University Stadium
During the construction of the new stadium, the Tigers played a season of nine away games, plus a homecoming game against Yale at Giants Stadium in 1997. Princeton University Stadium opened on September 19, 1998 and seats 27,773. After eight years of natural grass fields, FieldTurf artificial playing surface was installed for the 2006 football season and named "Powers Field" in honor of William C. Powers, Princeton class of 1979, who was an All-Ivy punter for the Tigers and donated $10 million to the football program that year.
The Finney-Campbell practice fields to the east of Princeton University Stadium have been outfitted with FieldTurf. They consist of nearly 1,600 square feet (150 m2) of playing surface, with two full football fields and lines for men’s and women’s lacrosse.
- Princeton Tigers men's lacrosse
- Princeton Tigers women's ice hockey
- Princeton Tigers men's basketball
- Elliott, Len (1969). One Hundred Years of Princeton Football 1869-1969. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Athletic News, Princeton University. p. 3.
- Princeton Office of Athletic Communications, Princeton Football Media Guide 2009
- Mark F. Bernstein, Football: The Ivy League Origins of an American Obsession