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In parapsychology and spiritualism, a psychomanteum is a small, enclosed area set up with a comfortable chair, dim lighting, and a mirror angled so as not to reflect anything but darkness intended to communicate with spirits of the dead.[1][2][3]


The psychomanteum was popularized by Raymond Moody, originator of the term near-death experience,Raymond Moody is an author, lecturer, and counselor. [4] in his 1993 book, Reunions. Dr. Moody believed the psychomanteum was useful as a tool to resolve grief. People say their final good-bye, asking questions, or asking for advice from their loved ones. The chamber was kept darkened and illuminated only by a candle or a dim light bulb. Subjects gaze into the reflected darkness hoping to see and make contact with spirits of the dead. It is also known as mirror gazing. Dr. Moody compared the psychomanteum to the Greek Necromanteion,which is an ancient technique from 2,500 years ago and people used to contact their ancestors and said its function was a form of scrying.[5][6]

See also[edit]

  • Catoptromancy
  • Raymond Moody. 1993. Reunions: Visionary Encounter with Departed Loved Ones. NY: Ivy.


  1. ^ James R. Lewis. (1995). Encyclopedia of Death and the Afterlife. Visible Ink. p. 294. ISBN 978-1578591077
  2. ^ Harvey Irwin; Caroline Watt. (2007). An Introduction to Parapsychology. McFarland. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-7864-3059-8
  3. ^ Christopher M. Moreman. (2008). Beyond the Threshold. p. 201.
  4. ^ Raymond Moody. 1975. Life After Life. Mockingbird.
  5. ^ Joe Nickell (3 July 2012), The Science of Ghosts: Searching for Spirits of the Dead, Prometheus
    Hieronymus Bosch 013
    Books, pp. 129–, ISBN 978-1-61614-586-6 
  6. ^ Christopher M. Moreman (18 September 2008), Beyond the Threshold: Afterlife Beliefs and Experiences in World Religions, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, pp. 201–, ISBN 978-0-7425-6552-4

External links[edit]