|Coined by||Joseph Rodes Buchanan|
|Synonyms||Token-object reading, Psychoscopy|
|Definition||A form of psychic reading in which one individual claims to obtain details about another through physical contact with their possessions|
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Psychometry (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, "spirit, soul"; + μέτρον, metron, "measure"), also known as token-object reading, or psychoscopy, is a form of extra-sensory perception characterized by the claimed ability to make relevant associations from an object of unknown history by making physical contact with that object. Supporters assert that an object may have an energy field that transfers knowledge regarding that object's history.
Although the majority of police departments polled do not use psychics and do not consider them credible or useful on cases, some authors write that psychometry and psychic detectives were used by law enforcement agencies on specific cases.
The Past is entombed in the Present! The world is its own enduring monument; and that which is true of its physical, is likewise true of its mental career. The discoveries of Psychometry will enable us to explore the history of man, as those of geology enable us to explore the history of the earth. There are mental fossils for psychologists as well as mineral fossils for the geologists; and I believe that hereafter the psychologist and the geologist will go hand in hand — the one portraying the earth, its animals and its vegetation, while the other portrays the human beings who have roamed over its surface in the shadows, and the darkness of primeval barbarism! Aye, the mental telescope is now discovered which may pierce the depths of the past and bring us in full view of the grand and tragic passages of ancient history!
Buchanan asserted that his particular psychism would supersede empiric science. He wrote a comprehensive treatise, Manual of Psychometry: the Dawn of a New Civilization (1885), detailing how the direct knowledge of psychometry would be applied to and affect the many various branches of science. It also would elevate the various schools of philosophy and arts thereby affecting wide social change and ultimately an enlightenment of humanity:
The thermometer measures caloric (thermo temperature). The barometer measures the weight (baro, weight) of the atmosphere; the electrometer measures electric conditions; the psychometer measures the soul (psyche). In the case of Psychometry, however, the measuring assumes a new character, as the object measured and the measuring instrument are the same psychic element, and its measuring power is not limited to the psychic as it was developed in the first experiments, but has appeared by successive investigation to manifest a wider and wider area of power, until it became apparent that this psychic capacity was really the measure of all things in the Universe.
Buchanan continued to promote psychometry throughout his life and his followers believed that it would revolutionize science in a comprehensive way as "the dawn of a new civilization". Other spiritualism-based scientists built upon Buchanan's theories such as Stephen Pearl Andrews who promoted Psychometry along with his own new science of Universology. As a lecturer Andrews asserted that such inquiries, as paraphrased by a 1878 New York Times article, "demonstrated that the sympathy between the mind and body is an exact science".
In fiction 
- The Goth series by Katie Maxwell features a psychometrist as the main character, Fran.
- In the Maximum Ride book series, the character Nudge has psychometric abilities.
- In the touch series, Deadly Little Lies, a novel by Laurie Stolarz, Ben is a pyschometist.
- In the novel The Witching Hour, the first of Anne Rice's Mayfair Witches trilogy, protagonist Michael Curry receives the power of psychometry.
- In the novel The Dead Zone (1979) by Stephen King, Johnny Smith uses his newfound psychometric powers to help the police in solving many cases.
- In the young-adult fiction Dark Visions Trilogy (1994–1995), by L. J. Smith, the character Laurie Frost has the ability of psychometry.
- In the Fingerprints series of youth novels (2001–2002) by Melinda Metz, the character Rachel "Rae" Voight can receive the thoughts and emotions of others by touching the fingerprints left on an object handled by them.
- The light novel series Katanagatari by Nisio Isin boasts a psychometrist by the name of Kawauso Maniwa, one of the 12 Maniwa Ninja Corps Heads.
- In The Wheel of Time by Robert Jordan the characters Nynaeve al'Meara, Aviendha, and Elayne Trakand can all handle magical artifacts and can respectively sense the object's emotional history/future, magical use, and design for recreation and imitation.
- Autobiography "My Life Across The Table" (2013)  recounts actual readings by professional psychic Karen Page utilizing psychometry
- In the "Mythos Academy" series by Jennifer Estep, the main character, Gwen Frost, has psychometric powers.
- In the 1988 movie Vibes, Jeff Goldblum plays a psychometrist.
- In the 1994 film, The Crow, Brandon Lee plays a spirit of vengeance with psychometric powers.
- In the 2009 action film Push, psychics called Sniffs can relive a person's past and their location by touching or sniffing objects.
- In The Meteor Man, Jefferson Reed (Robert Townsend) gains various superhuman powers from a meteorite, including the ability to psychometrically and psychosomatically memorize by touch the contents of a book.
- In the 2003 HBO television series Carnivàle, Professor Lodz can read thoughts and dreams through contact with a person or object.
- Creating visions by touching objects is also displayed in Charmed and Medium.
- In the television series Chuck (2007- ), the main character has the ability to flash, or have a memory blast when coming into contact with or sighting something.
- On the superhero comedy-drama The Greatest American Hero (1981–1983), the lead character possesses psychometric powers when wearing his super-suit.
- In the six hour Stephen King televison mini-series, Rose Red, the character of Pam Asbury was a psychometrist or "touch-know;" one of a group of six psychics brought in by parapsychologist Dr. Joyce Reardon to awaken the sleeping haunted Seattle manor known as Rose Red.
- In the Canadian pilot Movie and Television show My Babysitter's a Vampire (TV series) 'the main character, Ethan Morgan, is a Seer, and possess Psychometry. Through touch he has the power, to see the past, present or future of an object/person, or their uses, intentions or true form.
- In the American science fiction television drama Heroes, Sylar gains this ability from a woman named Bridget Bailey. In the show it was called Clairsentience.
- It was also mentioned in show Beyond Belief: Fact or Fiction, in "The Secret of the Coins."
Comics and anime 
- Kaos, the son of mad scientist Desty Nova in Yukito Kishiro's Battle Angel Alita appears as a very unusual psychometrist in that not only can he read the memories of objects but he can also absorb the talents and skills necessary for their creation.
- A number of comic book characters exhibit psychometric powers, including Longshot, Adrienne Frost, and Terror, all of whom appear in books published by Marvel Comics.
- Many field agents featured in Mike Mignola's Hellboy series have this ability.
- Characters appearing in Japanese manga and anime that possess psychometric abilities include Chiba Mamoru from Sailor Moon and Olivier Davis from Ghost Hunt.
- The Mass Effect franchise includes an alien race called Protheans, who possess the ability to communicate through touch.
- In Psychometrer Eiji created by Masashi Asaki and Yuma Ando - The main character, Asuma Eiji has the ability to 'read' pieces of information left from any object or person that he touch or in contact with.
See also 
- Colin Wilson: The Psychic Detectives: The Story of Psychometry and Paranormal Crime Detection. 1984, ISBN 0-330-28119-4
- Spence, Lewis Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology, Part 2, Kessinger Publishing, LLC (February 1, 2003), p.754. ISBN 0-7661-2817-2
- Joseph Rodes Buchanan, Manual of Psychometry : the Dawn of a New Civilization Boston, Frank H. Hodges (4th edition), 1893 p.3. ISBN 1-150-07724-7
- Psychometry - Key Words Frequently Used in Parapsychology, Parapsychological Association (2006-12-17)
- Tischner, Rudolf, Telepathy and Clairvoyance Great Britain, Steven Austin & Sons, Ltd. 1924, p.70. ISBN 1-84664-135-7
- Beloff, John (1997) . Parapsychology: A Concise History (reprint ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-312-17376-0.
- Noreen Renier, A Mind for Murder: The Real-Life Files of a Psychic Investigator, Hampton Roads Pub Co; Revised edition (May 9, 2008) p.13 ISBN 1-57174-573-4
- Marcelle S. Fischler LONG ISLAND JOURNAL; Where $20 Will Buy A Peek at the Future nytimes.com, December 15, 2002.
- Katherine E. Finkelstein Northport Journal; The Very Determined Meet the Dearly Departed nytimes.com, August 25, 1999.
- Barnes, Hannah (2009-11-23). "Can psychics help to solve crime??". BBC. Retrieved 2009-11-22.
- Silence, Eddie (2006-03-29). "Do the police use psychics?". UK Skeptics. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- "Police reject psychic advice". Bay Of Plenty Times (NZ newspaper). Retrieved 2007-05-21.
- Robert Kessler, Tom Schachtman, Whoever Fights Monsters: My Twenty Years Tracking Serial Killers for the FBI, St. Martin's Paperbacks (March 15, 1993) pp.270-272. ISBN 0-312-95044-6
- Karen L. Page "My Life Across The Table" autobiography, Llewellyn Worldwide (March 8, 2013) ISBN 9780738735818
- Mark A. Lause (University of Cincinnati): Joseph Rodes Buchanan (Internet Archive)
- Psychometry at paralumun.com
- Buchanan, 1893, p.73
- Buchanan, 1893, pp.4–5
- Buchanan 1893, pp.3–4
- Buchanan's Journal of Man., Vol. I. August, 1887. No. 7.
- A discourse on Seven Sciences.; Cerebral Physiology, Cerebral Psychology, Sarcognomy, Psychometry, Pneumatology, Pathology, and Cerebral Pathology. The New York Times, March 17, 1878
- Beloff, p.29, "After that would come tests provided by members of the audience involving 'billet reading', 'token object reading' leading up, finally, to a test of travelling clairvoyance where the person's private home would constitute the target area."
- Ann Nocenti (w), Arthur Adams (p), Whilce Portacio (i). "I'll Wave To You From the Top!" Longshot 2 (October 1985), Marvel Comics
- Ann Nocenti (w), Arthur Adams (p), Whilce Portacio (i). "Just Let Me Die" Longshot 3 (November 1985), Marvel Comics
- Psychometry Experiment, a project that gave residents in Ontario, Canada the opportunity to participate in a psychometry study
- Psychic Karen Page's autobiography "My Life Across the Table" 
Psychometry - The Art Of Divination Through Objects, A recorded lecture by Dr. George King, the founder and president of the Aetherius Society www.aetherius.org