Quercus calliprinos

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Quercus calliprinos
Palestine oak
Quercus calliprinos tree 1.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Section: Cerris
Species: Q. calliprinos
Binomial name
Quercus calliprinos
Webb

Quercus calliprinos, the Palestine oak, is an oak classified as part of the Cerris section of the species. It is native to eastern Mediterranean region and southwest Asia, and grows all across the Middle East from northern Algeria to Turkey and further eastwards. In Israel it is called the Israeli common oak (alon matsuy - אלון מצוי).

It grows in the Mediterranean climate zone, mainly on limestone, in mid-elevations, often dominating the flora, alongside Pistacia palaestina.[1]

Description[edit]

Quercus calliprinos is a small to medium-sized tree or large shrub reaching 5–18 m tall (often only 1–3 m tall where heavily browsed by goats) and 1 m trunk diameter. It is evergreen, with spiny-serrated leaves 3–5 cm long and 1.5–3 cm broad. The acorns are 3–4 cm long and 2–3 cm diameter when mature about 18 months after pollination, held in a cup covered in dense, elongated, reflexed scales.

Quercus calliprinos is closely related to the Kermes oak (Q. coccifera) of the western Mediterranean, and is treated as a subspecies or variety of it by some botanists. The Kermes oak is distinguished from it by its smaller size (usually shrubby, not over 10 m) and smaller acorns less than 2 cm diameter.

leaves and acorns

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zohary, M. "The maquis of Quercus calliprinos in Israel and Jordan." Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel 9.2 (1960): 51-72.‏