Radio Hauraki

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Radio Hauraki
Radio Hauraki Logo 2013
Slogan "Its Different"
First air date 1966
Format Alternative, rock
Owner NZME Radio
Webcast Listen live
Website http://www.hauraki.co.nz

Radio Hauraki is a New Zealand alternative leaning rock station. It was the first private commercial radio station of the modern broadcasting era in New Zealand and operated illegally from 1966-1970[1] to break the monopoly held by the state-owned New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation. In its modern legal form, Radio Hauraki's head office and main studios are now located on the corner of Cook and Nelson Streets in Auckland City, as one of eight stations of NZME Radio.

Private commercial radio stations had operated from the earliest days of broadcasting, but the government began to close them down, the process accelerating after World War II. To break the state monopoly, Radio Hauraki was originally formed as a pirate station in the Hauraki Gulf, the only offshore radio station ever to broadcast in the southern hemisphere, in a famous and historic story that saw the loss of one life.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Radio Hauraki was originally broadcast offshore from New Zealand in the Hauraki Gulf.

The concept of Radio Hauraki originated with a group of journalists who felt dissatisfied with New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation (NZBC) radio stations, and with the politics involved with broadcasting in New Zealand. Private stations were able to apply for licences to operate, but the New Zealand Broadcasting Service (NZBS) stonewalled all applications. A small group involving David Gapes, Derek Lowe, Chris Parkinson and Denis O'Callaghan[2] decided, with legal assistance, to start a private venture operating in international waters, outside of the confines of the monopolistic government departments of the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation, which ran all land-based radio stations, and of the New Zealand Post Office, which managed the radio spectrum. Gapes, Lowe, Parkinson and O'Callaghan eventually broke the radio monopoly, thus allowing private radio to become widespread in New Zealand.

The four men bought a boat and tried to make it seaworthy, however the Marine Department continuously rejected their application for a warrant of fitness for the ship. So in 1966 the crew set sail anyway without the WOF. However the ship got caught on a drawbridge in the Auckland Viaduct and the crew were arrested. When they went to court the judge ruled in favour of them and in late 1966, the Tiri, the boat chosen to carry the transmitter, anchored in the Hauraki Gulf outside the 3-mile territorial-water limit. The station broadcast on the frequency of 1480 kHz - well outside the range of frequencies used by the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation. After testing the transmitter with a broadcast from pirate announcer Bob Leahy, and having to replace the mast after winds of more than 30 knots knocked it down, Radio Hauraki officially started broadcasting on 4 December 1966.

Pirate radio[edit]

Slogans
Radio Hauraki, Top of The Dial
Radio Hauraki: Home of the good guys
Here to rock, not to shock
Rocking the Boat for 40 years
Classic rock that rocks
New Zealand's real rock station
Just great rock
We Endorse This Music
Its Different
Louder Communities Together

During the next 2 years, the crew on the Tiri would endure adverse weather conditions, fatigue, and continued efforts to shut down the station. On 28 January 1968 disaster struck as the Tiri attempted to negotiate its way into Whangaparapara Harbour on Great Barrier Island in foul weather. The ship ran aground on rocks, with Radio Hauraki disc jockey Derek King keeping listeners up-to-date with running commentary. The final broadcast from the Tiri was "Hauraki News: Hauraki crew is abandoning ship. This is Paul Lineham aboard the 'Tiri'. Good Night." followed by a station jingle. The "Tiri" was later towed back to Auckland and the broadcasting equipment was salvaged. However, the Tiri herself was beyond repair and was replaced four days later by the Kapuni, christened Tiri II by her new crew. A month after the loss of the Tiri, Radio Hauraki was back in international waters and broadcasting again.

In April of the same year Tiri II found herself beached again at Whangaparapara Harbour, a victim of the same storm that resulted in the Wahine disaster. After repairs she was back at sea in five days. Between this time and June 1968, Tiri II would end up beached at Uretiti Beach and caught several times broadcasting from New Zealand waters by radio inspectors. Just before Christmas 1968, Radio Hauraki became New Zealand's first 24 hour broadcasting radio station. Radio Hauraki was not live radio. The studios were land-based and most programs were recorded on reel-to-reel tapes in 1/2 hour segments approximately one week prior to their broadcast. This meant that while contests, current top tunes, etc. could be accommodated, news and weather were more of a challenge.

Tiri was owned by AG Frankham Ltd and was registered as a barge. After running aground at Whangaparapara on 28 January 1968, it was laid up at Limestone Island near Whangarei. The search and rescue boat Marauder was owned by Bill Gibbs and Tryphena. Kapuni, also owned by AG Frankham Ltd, became known as Tiri II only during Hauraki service from 1968 to 1970. It was laid up on Rotoroa Island in the Hauraki Gulf.

Legal radio[edit]

In mid-1970, the state monopoly on radio frequencies was broken, with the New Zealand Broadcasting Authority finally allowing Radio Hauraki to broadcast on land, legally. The Radio Hauraki crew had spent 1,111 days at sea. The final broadcast from the seabound Hauraki Pirates was a documentary on the station's history until that point, finishing at 10:00 pm when Tiri II turned and headed for Auckland playing "Born Free" continually. During their final voyage back to shore, announcer Rick Grant was lost overboard.

Radio Hauraki began FM transmission in 1990 on 99.0FM, and the 1476 kHz frequency was subsequently acquired by a local community group to broadcast the BBC World Service. During the late nineties Radio Hauraki was networked into other regions around the North Island of New Zealand and in 2003 Radio Hauraki was networked into the South Island in Christchurch, Dunedin and Invercargill. Veteran pirate announcer Bob Leahy remained a newsreader for The Radio Network right up until 2009, which saw him remain on-air on Radio Hauraki some 40 years after he helped begin the station.

After several changes in ownership Radio Hauraki is now operated by NZME Radio becoming a radio network broadcasting across New Zealand. Up until 2012 Hauraki played a mix of classic and mainstream rock music from the '60s til now. In 2013, Hauraki changed its music content playing modern rock and alternative music from the last 25 years, also changed their positioning statement to "It's Different" to coincide with their change in format. Current hosts include high profile personalities such as: Matt Heath, Jeremy Wells, Mikey Havoc, Leigh Hart, Jason Hoyte, Steve Simpson and Tim Batt. The station claims its recent changes have resulted in a substantial increase in listeners.[3] A film dramatising Radio Hauraki's early years, 3 Mile Limit, was released in 2014.[4]

Programmes[edit]

Mikey Havoc is Radio Hauraki's drive host.

Weekday programmes[edit]

The Early Edition with Jay Reeve airs 5am-6am weekdays. The weekdays 6am - 10am slot is hosted by Matt Heath, Jeremy Wells and Laura McGoldrick. There are traffic updates for Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin.

Radio Hauraki's Daytime show (weekdays 10am-3pm) is presented by former The Edge (New Zealand) and Kiwi FM host Angelina Boyd. Drive programme The Afternoon Express (weekdays 3pm-6pm) is hosted by Mikey Havoc with Georgia Cubbon on News. The Bhuja show (weekdays 6pm-7pm) features television personalities Leigh Hart & Jason Hoyte. Nights (weeknights 7pm-12am) are presented by former The Edge and Top of the Pops (New Zealand) host Alex Behan.

Weekend programmes[edit]

In It for the Kicks with Greg Churchill and Nick Collings is an electronic-music show Fridays 10pm-12am. Saturday breakfast features the best of Bhuja! 6am-10am The Saturday Special (Saturday 10am - 12pm) with Tim Batt & Steve Simpson. Breakfast Regurgitated (Saturday 12pm - 2pm) with the best of Hauraki Breakfast followed by Angelina & Georgia 2-5pm. From 5pm is a show by musician Jon Toogood, Planet of Sound. Saturday Shambles is hosted by The General finishing the night from 6pm-12mid

Lazy Sunday with Greg Pebble 6am-10am followed by Georgia Cubbon 10am-3pm, 3pm-6pm with Cynthia TUNE-i-versity (Sunday 6pm - 8pm) features the best new music and forgotten classics with Alex Behan and finishes with Sunday Sessions with Scott Lotion 8pm-12mid.

Former hosts[edit]

Phillip Schofield (right) began his broadcasting career at Radio Hauraki.

Previous Radio Hauraki hosts include Len McChesney, Christopher Parkinson, Ross Goodwin, Paddy O'Donnell, Bob Leahy, Mike Parkinson, Gavin Comber, Ian Johnston, Barry Knight (Simeon), Aaron Ironside, Ian Ferguson, Paul Lineham, Lynnaire Johnston, Rick Grant, Colin Broadley, Carl Olsen, Keith Ashton, Andy Faulkner, Trudy Rana, Phil Gifford, John Hawkesby, Ian Magan, Leah Panapa, Brian Strong, Peter Telling, Dean Lonergan, Mark Perry, Dean Butler, Willy De Witt, Dean Young, Mel Homer, Nick Trott, Nik Brown, Mark Woods, Mike Currie, Martin Devlin and Fred Botica.

Phillip Schofield was a host Radio Hauraki in 1983, a year after becoming the host of youth music programme Shazam! in 1982. [5] He left the station in 1985 to return to Britain and become one of Britain's most well-known television personalities. During almost 30 years as a BBC and ITV presenter, Schofield has been the first continuity announcer for Children's BBC and the host of Smash Hits Poll Winners Party, Dancing on Ice, All Star Mr & Mrs, The Cube and, most recently, This Morning.[6]

Former breakfast host Kevin Black became New Zealand's highest-paid radio DJ, and served as breakfast host for Solid Gold between 1997 and 2009 before his death in 2013.[7][8]

Frequencies[edit]

North Island frequencies[edit]

Market Location Frequency
01. Northland Kaitaia FM 93.2 MHz
02. Northland Bay of Islands FM 93.2 MHz
03. Northland Whangarei FM 93.2 MHz
04. Auckland Auckland FM 99.0 MHz
05. Waikato Hamilton FM 96.2 MHz
06. Bay of Plenty Tauranga FM 91.0 MHz
07. Rotorua Rotorua FM 94.3 MHz
08. Gisborne Gisborne FM 105.3 MHz
09. Taupo Taupo FM 92.8 MHz
10. Taranaki New Plymouth FM 90.8 MHz
11. Hawke's Bay Napier FM 99.9 MHz
12. Manawatu Palmerston North FM 105.8 MHz
13. Wellington Wellington FM 93.3 MHz

South Island frequencies[edit]

Market Location Frequency
01. Nelson Nelson FM 90.4 MHz
02. Marlborough Blenheim FM 94.5 MHz
03. Canterbury Christchurch FM 106.5 MHz
04. Canterbury Sumner FM 89.3 MHz
05. Otago Dunedin FM 106.2 MHz
06. Otago Dunedin AM 1125 kHz
07. Southland Invercargill FM 93.2 MHz

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Monks, John, 2007 Radio Hauraki: The Pirate Years: 1966 to 1970
  2. ^ "Radio Hauraki". Offshore Radio Museum. Offshore Radio Museum. 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-09. Management[:] David Gapes, [...] Wendy Gapes, Derek Lowe, Chris Parkinson, Denis O'Callaghan (Technical) 
  3. ^ "Radio Network number one nationwide in talk, music and sport". 4 April 2013. 
  4. ^ 3 Mile Limit at the Internet Movie Database
  5. ^ "Shazam! series". NZ On Screen. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Phillip's Biography Page". Retrieved 3 February 2009. 
  7. ^ "Radio legend Kevin Black dies". NZ Herald. 19 February 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  8. ^ "Broadcaster Kevin Black dies". TVNZ. 19 February 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2013.