Rafael Ileto

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Rafael Manio Ileto
R ILETO.jpg
LtGen Rafael M Ileto AFP
Nickname(s) Rocky
Father of the Scout Rangers
Born October 24, 1920[1]
San Isidro, Nueva Ecija
Died June 19, 2003[2]
Philippine Heart Center, Quezon City
Allegiance Flag of the Philippines.svg Republic of the Philippines
Service/branch Philippine Army
Years of service 1943-1978
Rank General Lieutenant General
Unit 1st Filipino Infantry Regiment[3]
Alamo scouts
1st Scout Ranger Regiment
Commands held Vice Chief of Staff, Armed Forces of the Philippines
Battles/wars Raid at Cabanatuan
Invasion of Lingayen Gulf
World War II
Hukbalahap Rebellion
Other work Secretary, Department of National Defense
Director, National Intelligence Coordinating Agency

Rafael M. Ileto (October 24, 1920 – June 19, 2003) served as the 22nd Secretary of the Department of National Defense (DND) of the Philippines. He also became the Vice Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). He also served as Philippine Ambassador to Turkey, Iran, Cambodia, Thailand, and Laos.

Early years[edit]

Rafael Ileto was born on October 24, 1920 in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija. He took up his primary education in his hometown, and finished his secondary education in Nueva Ecija High School in Cabanatuan City.[1]

Ileto then entered the University of the Philippines pursuing an Engineering degree for the first two years, but later entered the Philippine Military Academy in 1940. Topping his class in PMA, Ileto gained his appointment to the United States Military Academy in West Point, through the Foreign Cadet Program. He finished with the accelerated Class of 1943[1] (which actually graduated in 1942), along with prominent members such as Brig. Gen. Robin Olds, Maj. Gen. Harold Parfitt, Brig. Gen. Robert F. McDermott, and Gen. Bernard W. Rogers.

Military & Political career[edit]

Upon graduating from West Point, 2nd. Lt. Ileto entered the Infantry School for three months in Fort Benning, Georgia. From there he joined the 1st Filipino Infantry Regiment in Camp San Luis Obispo, California,[3] which departed on September 19, 1943, to join the Pacific Theater of Operations - beginning with the New Guinea Campaign.[1]

In New Guinea, Lt. Ileto transferred to the famed Alamo Scouts of the Sixth United States Army. With the Alamo Scouts, Ileto saw action in southern Samar during the Battle of Leyte, and thereafter in the Invasion of Lingayen Gulf on January 9, 1945.[1]

On January 30, 1945, Lt. Ileto with the Alamo Scouts under the command of Lt. Col. Henry Mucci, successfully rescued 516 Prisoners of War held by the Imperial Japanese Army's POW Camp in Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija.[4] This has become to date the most successful rescue mission of the United States Army, and is known as the Raid at Cabanatuan.

After the Liberation of Manila, Lt. Ileto married Ms. Olga Clemena at the Command and General Staff School in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, while taking a short course for lower staff officers. Her returned to the Philippines thereafter, and helped in rebuilding the post-war Philippine Military Academy.[1]

In 1947, he was deployed to Okinawa, and took on early retirement from the service in 1949.[1]

In 1950, he enlisted once more, with the Philippine Army this time, and was first assigned in the General Headquarters (GHQ). It was here that he met once more Gen. Alfonso Arellano, whom Ileto acquainted during World War II. Both officers came with the idea to constitute a special forces unit in the same fashion as that of the Alamo Scouts. Gen. Arellano gave the task to Ileto to organize the 1st Scout Ranger Regiment, which was established on November 25, 1950 at the Scout Ranger Training Unit (SRTU) in Fort Bonifacio. Capt. Ileto commanded the unit until 1955.[1][5]

From commanding the Scout Ranger Regimen, Capt. Ileto was designated foreign affairs attaché to Saigon and Vientiane. After this diplomatic stint, he was assigned with once more to the GHQ J-2 Intelligence, as a staff officer. From there he was appointed as Operations Chief of the National Intelligence Coordinating Agency from 1959 to 1964.[1]

He again went back for further studies in 1965 in the Command and General Staff College in Fort Leavenworth, and later joined the Command General Staff College at Fort Bonifacio. Thereafter, he became Commanding General of the 1st PC Zone, covering all provinces north of Manila before being promoted to Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence (J-2) in 1969.[1]

Col. Ileto once more returned to the United States to study under the Defense Resources Management Course at the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1969. From there Brig. Gen. Ileto was appointed Commanding General of the Philippine Army, a post which he held until 1971.[1] When Pres. Ferdinand Marcos declared Martial Law on September 21, 1972, Ileto was one of the few generals who opposed the President, losing favor for the next series of promotions in the patronage politics that has already begun in the promotion system in the AFP.[2][6][7]

In 1973, Ileto became Deputy Chief of Staff of the AFP was then promoted to Major General, then Vice Chief of Staff as a Lieutenant General from 1975 until his retirement in 1978.[6] Concurrent to this position, Gen. Ileto also served as the Philippine Ambassador to Iran and Turkey from 1975 to 1980, and to Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos from 1980 to 1986.[1]

During the People Power Revolution, Amb. Ileto played as mediator between the camp of Pres. Ferdinand Marcos and the opposition. Amb. Ileto was then appointed as Undersecretary of Defense by Pres. Corazon Aquino.

Upon the resignation of Juan Ponce Enrile after an alleged coup attempt against Pres. Corazon Aquino, Ileto was appointed as the Secretary National Defense on November 23, 1986. He resigned from this government position after a falling out with the President on January 21, 1988.[8]

Later life[edit]

On June 19, 2003 he died at the Philippine Heart Center after a heart attack at the age of 82.[2] He was buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani in Fort Bonifacio on June 23 with full military honors.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Past SND Profile - Ileto
  2. ^ a b c Frialde, Mike, Former defense chief Ileto, 82, Philippine Star, June 20, 2003
  3. ^ a b Ileto, Reynaldo Clemena (2005). "Philippine Wars and the Politics of Memory". positions: east asia cultures critique (Duke University Press) 13 (1): 215–235. ISSN 1067-9847. Retrieved 8 June 2011. "So as we were group up, I got to know that my father, Rafael Ileto, had gone to West Point in 1940 and that he had been an officer in the first Filipino infantry regiment that was sent to liberate the Philippines from Japanese rule." 
  4. ^ Ambassador Francis J. Ricciardone's Remarks at the Commemoration of the Cabanatuan Rescue Mission of January 30, 1945
  5. ^ Strike Musang's Home Page at the Wayback Machine (archived October 27, 2009).
  6. ^ a b c Frialde, Mike, Ileto buried with honors at Libingan, Philippine Star, June 23, 2003
  7. ^ Si, Andrea Lizares, Term Extension at all cost, December 7, 2009
  8. ^ Manila Defense Chief Quits And Ramos Is Named to Job


Military offices
Preceded by
Ruben M. Maglaya
Commanding General of the Philippine Army
June 30, 1969 - January 16, 1972
Succeeded by
Rafael G. Zagala
Political offices
Preceded by
Juan Ponce Enrile
Secretary of National Defense
1986-1988
Succeeded by
Fidel Ramos