Rogerstone shown within Newport
|Population||8,807 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||NP10 9,0|
|UK Parliament||Newport West|
The parish lies at the gateway to the Sirhowy valley, to the north of Newport on the eastern side of the Ebbw River. It is bounded by the M4 motorway to the south, the Ebbw River to the west, the Henllys vale to the east and the city boundary with Caerphilly county borough to the north.
Rogerstone railway station is on the Ebbw Valley Railway. It opened on 6 February 2008 and links Ebbw Vale to Cardiff Central via Rogerstone. The Re-opening of the link from Rogerstone to Newport railway station is planned for the future.
The original settlement dates back to Norman times when Rogerstone Castle was built in the early part of the 12th century. The name is said to originate from Roger de Haia, the Norman Lord who was responsible for the building of the castle, the remains of which are reduced to a low bush and tree covered motte opposite Criddle's garage on the lower section of Tregwilym Road. The Welsh name for Rogerstone "Tŷ Du" translates to English as "Black House", though no one is entirely sure why it has this name.
The larger parish of Rogerstone started as two distinct settlements of Tregwilym and Tydu, Tregwilym taking its name from the land owner, William de Berkerolles. These hamlets remained predominantly rural until the advent of the industrial revolution. The population grew in response to the tin, iron and aluminium industries which flourished near the South Wales coalfield. At one point, the village boasted the longest aluminium rolling mill in Western Europe and one of the largest marshalling yards on the Great Western Railway network.
The village played host to John Frost and his fellow Chartists on their historical march from the valleys to Newport, the Welsh Oak public house just north of the parish being one of the key meeting points for the protestors before they set off through the parish towards the Westgate Hotel and turmoil.
The parish sits astride the Crumlin branch of the Monmouthshire Canal and plays host to the Fourteen Locks. The canal opened in 1798 but was dogged by water supply problems and competition from the railways and by 1930; it had finally succumbed and has since fallen into disrepair.
Rogerstone Library is part of Newport City Council's library service, and is officially titled Rogerstone Library and Information Centre. The building was opened in 1905 as a Carnegie Library. Newport has a second Carnegie Library on Corporation Road.
The designation of the Rogerstone section of the canal as part of the National Cycle Network (route 47) and more recent efforts to restore parts of the canal have made the site a popular tourist attraction. The restoration of the locks of the canal has already cost millions, with only a few locks completed so far. The rubbish and mud lying at the bottom of the locks will be removed, and the old stones that used to lie at the bottom of the locks together will now be removed, and new ones put in. All the money has been funded by 14 Locks Canal Centre. However, in early 2012, the building was vandalised. This was caused by a fire which ruined the inside of the centre.
Rogerstone was traditionally an industrial, working-class village, but recent expensive housing developments such as that on the site of the former power station has added more than 1,000 dwellings and an ever-increasing middle-class population. This has been influenced by the improved transport links.
In 2005, Warburtons opened a new bakery in the village, to supply bakery products across South Wales. However, after the 2008 economic crisis, in 2010 the company announced the closure of the facility, and the loss of 140 jobs. The plant was later bought by local family owned Brace's Bakery.
- Grazing, above Rogerstone:: OS grid ST2788 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!
- Fourteen Locks Canal Centre:: OS grid ST2788 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!
- "Brace's Confirms Purchase of Warburtons' Site At Rogerstone, Newport". Brace's Bakery. 14 February 2011. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- Rogerstone Primary School
- Mount Pleasant Primary School
- High Cross Primary School, Cefn Wood Primary School