São Gonçalo, Rio de Janeiro

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São Gonçalo
Municipality
Município do São Gonçalo
Municipality of São Gonçalo
View of Alcântara, within São Gonçalo
View of Alcântara, within São Gonçalo
Flag of São Gonçalo
Flag
Official seal of São Gonçalo
Seal
Nickname(s): Manchester Fluminense
Localization in Rio de Janeiro
Localization in Rio de Janeiro
São Gonçalo is located in Brazil
São Gonçalo
São Gonçalo
Localization in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°49′37″S 43°03′14″W / 22.82694°S 43.05389°W / -22.82694; -43.05389Coordinates: 22°49′37″S 43°03′14″W / 22.82694°S 43.05389°W / -22.82694; -43.05389
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira do estado do Rio de Janeiro.svg Rio de Janeiro
City Established September 22, 1890
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body Prefeitura da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro
 • Mayor Neilton Mulin (PR (2013–2016))
Area
 • Total 249.142 km2 (96.194 sq mi)
Elevation 19 m (62 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,016,128
 • Density 4,078.51/km2 (10,563.3/sq mi)
Demonym goncalense
Time zone BRT (UTC−3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC−2)
Area code(s) +55 21

São Gonçalo (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w ɡõˈsalu]) is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. It is located at 22 ° 49'37 "south latitude and 43 º 03'14" west longitude at an altitude of 19 metres (62 feet) above sea level. Its population in 2009 is 1,010,212 inhabitants,[1] being the second most populous city in the state after the capital. Integrates the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro.

Statistics[edit]

Its population was 973,372 (2006) and its area is 249 square kilometres (96 square miles).[2] It is the second most populous city of the state, after the capital. Recently it was the third largest, until Mesquita was split off from Nova Iguaçu.

Geography[edit]

Climate

The type of climate of São Gonçalo is Atlantic tropical, with rainy summers and relatively dry winters. Temperatures vary throughout the year on and can have maximum up to 40 °C (104 °F) in summer, minimum or close to 10 °C (50 °F) during winter. Generally, temperatures range between the maximum of 25 to 35 °C (77 to 95 °F) and minimum 14 to 24 °C (57 to 75 °F). But for most part of the year, i.e. from May to October, the temperature is milder because the climate is drier and less hot.

Dempography
Pop. growth
Year Population
1991 779,832
1996 831,467
2000 891,119
2007 960,631
2012 1,016,128

São Gonçalo has a high index of population growth. In the city is living 1,016,128 people, an increase about the 960,631 in 2007, and another 85,000 in the rest of the state of Rio de Janeiro. According to the 2012 Census, the racial makeup of São Gonçalo includes: Whites (22.7%), Brown (54.1%), black or African (20.2%), two or more races (3%) and Asian (0.02%). Non-Brazilian population by any race was 3.5% (Paraguayan 2%, Bolivian 1%, Chinese 0.5%), a high index compared to cities in Brazil. According to the same Census, São Gonçalo has a high index of poverty. 31.5% of the population were living in the line of poverty in 2012, down from the 81% in 1990. People considered "Class A" were just 4.7%.

Education[edit]

The Rio de Janeiro State Teachers Training College (FFP-UERJ)stands out in the city. It is the largest teachers' college in Rio de Janeiro state offering advanced training of senior staff. More graduates from FFP pass state tests than any other teaching institution in Brazil. Its importance is magnified when one analyzes what an advanced training pole of senior staff from the UERJ is. Its students are mostly residents from Sao Goncalo, but many come from Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Itaboraí, and municipalities of the Baixada Fluminense region, among others. For many years, students of this campus demanding the implementation of a bus intercampi free to link to the Saint Mary UERJ Maracanã.

Gradim was created at the Polo Open University of Brazil, which has courses in the Consortium of Universities CEDERJ UFF (Computer Science), UFRJ (Chemistry) and UFRRJ (Administration and Tourism).

Health[edit]

São Gonçalo has the following hospitals: Hospital Estadual Alberto Torres; Eye Hospital Niteroi; Hospital Luiz Palmier; Hospital Adam Pereira Nunes; Barone Hospital de Medeiros; Silveira Hospital Infantil Darcy Vargas, Hospital Pads, Hospital Santa Maria.

Garbage collection crisis[edit]

São Gonçalo suffers constantly from poor garbage collection services, and it is not uncommon for litter to accumulate on the streets. In December 2008, workers responsible for cleaning the streets went on strike, severely compromising public sanitation.[3] In January 2011, garbage collection ceased for more than a week in some parts of the city.[4] Now the problem is solved.

Notable residents[edit]

São Gonçalo was the birthplace of Zélio Fernandino de Moraes, founder of the Umbanda Branca religious sect.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/censo2011/populacao_por_municipio.shtm
  2. ^ IBGEefault.php
  3. ^ "Greve de garis espalha mais de 800 toneladas de lixo pelas ruas de São Gonçalo". 
  4. ^ "Moradores de São Gonçalo ainda sofrem com falta de coleta de lixo". 
  5. ^ Saidenberg, Theresa. "Como surgiu a Umbanda em nosso país: 70° aniversário de uma religião brasileira." Revista Planeta, São Paulo, N. 75, December 1978. p. 34-35.and

External links[edit]

Media related to São Gonçalo at Wikimedia Commons