Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu

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"Saint-Jean, Quebec" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Saint-Jean-de-l'Île-d'Orléans, formerly known simply as "Saint-Jean".
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
City
Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Old Saint-Jean and the Saint-Jean-l'Evangeliste church at sundown
Old Saint-Jean and the Saint-Jean-l'Evangeliste church at sundown
Official logo of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Logo
Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
St-Jean-sur-Richelieu is located in Southern Quebec
St-Jean-sur-Richelieu
St-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Location within southern Quebec
Coordinates: 45°19′N 73°16′W / 45.317°N 73.267°W / 45.317; -73.267Coordinates: 45°19′N 73°16′W / 45.317°N 73.267°W / 45.317; -73.267[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM Le Haut-Richelieu
Settled 1665
Constituted January 24, 2001
Government[2][3]
 • Mayor Michel Fecteau
 • Federal riding Saint-Jean
 • Prov. riding Iberville and Saint-Jean
Area[2][4]
 • City 234.20 km2 (90.43 sq mi)
 • Land 225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)
 • Urban[5] 86.77 km2 (33.50 sq mi)
 • Metro[6] 225.78 km2 (87.17 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • City 92,394
 • Density 409.2/km2 (1,060/sq mi)
 • Urban[5] 83,053
 • Urban density 957.2/km2 (2,479/sq mi)
 • Metro[6] 94,636
 • Metro density 409.2/km2 (1,060/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 5.6%
 • Dwellings 40,411
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J2W, J2X, J2Y, J3A, J3B
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways
A-35

Route 104
Route 133
Route 219
Route 223
Website www.ville.saint-jean
-sur-richelieu.qc.ca

Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃ ʒɑ̃ syʁ ʁiʃəljø]), commonly abbreviated as SJR, is a city in eastern Montérégie in the province of Quebec, Canada about 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of Montreal. It is situated on the west bank of the Richelieu River at the northernmost navigable point of Lake Champlain. As of 2011, the city's population was 92,394. (Canada 2011 Census) and the population was estimated to 94,636 in 2014...

History[edit]

Historically, the city has been an important transportation hub. The first railway line in British North America connected it with La Prairie in 1836. It also hosts the annual "Festival International des Montgolfières", an international hot air balloon festival which attracts thousands of tourists who come to see the hundreds of balloons in the sky.

The Chambly Canal extends 20 kilometres (12 mi) north along the west bank of the river and provides modern freight passage to Chambly and the St. Lawrence River. The canal has one lock near the downtown core of St-Jean-sur-Richelieu. In the winter, the city builds a skating rink on the canal near the lock. In the summer, the embankment on the east side of the canal has a 20-kilometre (12 mi) cycling path.

Plan of Fort Saint-Jean during the year 1750

The French built Fort Saint-Jean (Quebec) in the seventeenth century. Known to early English settlers as St. Johns, it provided an important communication link during the French and Indian Wars. During the American Revolutionary War control of the town changed hands several times as British and American forces moved through the area.

Today St-Jean is a manufacturing centre for textiles, food and wood products. It hosts an Area Support Unit (ASU) of the Canadian Forces, which functions as a primary recruit and officer training establishment. Until 1995 ASU St-Jean was also home to Le Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean, a bilingual military academy. From 1995 to 2007, however, the only remaining military university in Canada was the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario. The college continued to provide college programs for French-speaking entries to the Canadian forces. The federal government reopened the military college at St. Jean-sur-Richelieu in the fall of 2007 to provide the full first year of university, equivalent to the Kingston program, for students with English- or French-language backgrounds alongside the college program.

In 2001 the city and several adjoining communities were merged into the new regional county municipality with a population to 79,600. This merger was requested by the five municipalities involved and was not part of the municipal fusions imposed by the Quebec government the following year.

Geography[edit]

Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu is located on the banks of the Richelieu River. The city is the seat of Le Haut-Richelieu RCM and of the judicial district of Iberville.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec[10]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 37,607 —    
1996 36,435 −3.1%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 37,386 +2.6%
2001M 79,600 +112.9%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2006 87,492 +9.9%
2011 92,394 +5.6%
(M) adjustment due to merger with Saint-Luc, Iberville, Saint-Athanase and L'Acadie.

The amalgamated municipalities (with 2001 population) were:

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec[10]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
91,400
86,635 Increase 6.4% 94.79% 2,415 Increase 14.5% 2.64% 755 Increase 48.0% 0.83% 1,595 Decrease 20.6% 1.74%
2006
86,075
81,445 Increase 137.1% 94.62% 2,110 Increase 68.1% 2.45% 510 Increase 88.9% 0.59% 2,010 Increase 131.0% 2.34%
2001
36,745
34,350 Increase 1.1% 93.48% 1,255 Increase 16.2% 3.42% 270 Increase 3.8% 0.73% 870 Increase 74.0% 2.37%
1996
35,825
33,985 n/a 94.86% 1,080 n/a 3.01% 260 n/a 0.73% 500 n/a 1.40%

Economy[edit]

Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu is home to the Carrefour Richelieu regional shopping mall which has 115 stores.[11]

Commuting patterns[edit]

The Ville de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu public transit system provides commuter and local bus services.

According to the 2006 Census, about 23,855 residents (27.3% of the total population) work full-time in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, while 5,750 (6.6%) commute to work in Montreal on a daily basis. A further 1,810 residents (2.1%) work in Longueuil every day, 855 (1.0%) work in Brossard, 795 (0.9%) in Chambly, and 600 (0.7%) work in Boucherville.

By contrast only 745 people commute from Montreal to work in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu every day, while 715 people commute from Longueuil, 590 commute from Saint-Alexandre, 555 from Mont-Saint-Gregoire, and 450 each from Saint-Blaise-sur-Richelieu and Saint-Anne-de-Sabrevois.[12]

Transportation[edit]

Chambly Canal

The city is split in two by Autoroute de la Vallée-des-Forts (Autoroute 35) which goes North-South by going first through St-Luc district, then turns east just south of Pierre-Caisse Blvd in Saint-Jean-sur-Richlieu district to cross the Richelieu River and to finally continue its way south through St-Athanase and Iberville districts. The highway ends south of Iberville before merging with Route 133.

Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu has its own Municipal airport and is also close to Montreal Pierre-Elliot Trudeau International Airport.

The former International Railway of Maine runs through the town, now the connecting point for the Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway with the Canadian Pacific Railway. The former Saint-Jean-d'Iberville railway station is now a preserved building.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 92441 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-JEAN (Quebec)
  4. ^ a b c 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
  5. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Population centre), Quebec
  6. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Census agglomeration), Quebec. The census agglomeration consists of only Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu itself. This is unchanged from the 2006 census.
  7. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  8. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  10. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  11. ^ "Carrefour Richelieu". The Westcliff Group of Companies. 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  12. ^ "Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, V (Que.)". Commuting Flow Census Subdivisions: Sex (3) for the Employed Labour Force 15 Years and Over Having a Usual Place of Work of Census Subdivisions, Flows Greater than or Equal to 20, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 

External links[edit]