St. Brelade's coastline of promontories and bays includes Portelet and its tidal island, L'Île au Guerdain with Portelet Tower (also known as Janvrin's Tomb)
Location of Saint Brélade in Jersey
|Crown Dependency||Jersey, Channel Islands|
|• Connétable||Steve Pallett|
|• Total||12.8 km2 (4.9 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 2nd|
|• Density||830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+01 (UTC)|
Saint Brélade is one of the twelve parishes of the Bailiwick of Jersey. Its population is around 9,560, and it occupies the southwestern part of the island. It is the only parish to border only one other parish, St. Peter. The parish is the second-largest parish by surface area, covering 7,103 vergées (3,157 acres or 12.78 km²), which is 11% of the total land surface of the island.
Its name is derived from a 6th-century Celtic or Welsh "wandering saint" named Branwalator or Saint Brelade (also Branwallder, Broladre, Brelodre, Brélade), who is said to have been the son of the Cornish king, Kenen. He is also said to have been a disciple of Samson of Dol, and worked with this churchman in Cornwall and the Channel Islands.
St Brelade's Church is situated at the end of St. Brélade's Bay, an unusual situation being comparatively distant from historic centres of population. The small Fisherman's Chapel alongside contains mediaeval frescoes which survived the iconoclasm of the Reformation. According to folklore, the reason for the siting of the parish church is that originally the St. Bréladais intended to build the church inland, much nearer to the homes of the congregation. However les p'tits faîtchieaux (the little people) who had their temple in a nearby dolmen were disturbed by the construction of the foundations and, every night, would undo the construction work and magically transport all the tools and materials down to the shoreline. Eventually the humans gave up and built the church where the fairies had indicated.
St. Brélade has some of the most popular bays in Jersey, with St. Brélade's Bay, Ouaisné, Portelet and parts of both St. Ouen's Bay and St. Aubin's Bay falling within the parish boundaries. The village (or town) of Saint Aubin was originally a fishing port facing St. Helier on the opposite side of St. Aubin's Bay. St Aubin was historically the main centre of population in the parish, but residential development at Les Quennevais has shifted that centre of population.
The traditional nickname for St. Bréladais (inhabitants of St. Brelade) is carpéleuses (caterpillars).
The parish is divided into vingtaines for administrative purposes as follows:
St. Brélade is divided into two electoral districts:
- St. Brélade No. 1 district (Vingtaines de Noirmont and du Coin) elects one Deputy
- St. Brélade No. 2 district (Vingtaines des Quennevais and de la Moye) elects two Deputies.
St Brelade is twinned with:
- Isaac LeVesconte (August 12, 1822 – October 26, 1879), Nova Scotia businessman and political figure.
- Steve Pallett was elected Connétable of the Parish of St Brélade in 2011.
- Charles Robin
- Robert Pipon Marett, of La Haule Manor
- Claude Cahun
- André Gide
- Simon Laurens
- Richard True
- Nigel Mansell, former British Formula One driver and 1992 World Champion.
- "St.Brelade Homepage". Parish.gov.je. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- "Connétable - Stephen William Pallett". States of Jersey. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "Where does Nigel Mansell live?". Evi Technologies.
- "BBC News - St Brelade wins gold in Entente Florale Europe". Bbc.co.uk. 2010-09-25. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
- Jersey Folk Lore, John H. L'Amy, Jersey 1927
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