Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan

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Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan
SalehNabhan.jpg
Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan
Born Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan
(in Arabic:صالح علي صالح نبهانا)

(1979-04-04)April 4, 1979
Mombasa, Kenya
Died September 14, 2009(2009-09-14) (aged 30)
Baraawe, Somalia
Nationality Kenyan

Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan (Arabic: صالح علي صالح نبهان ‎) (April 4, 1979, Mombasa, Kenya – September 14, 2009, near Baraawe, Somalia[1]) was the leader of al-Qaeda in Somalia. He was listed on the FBI's third major "wanted" list, the FBI Seeking Information - War on Terrorism list, for his association with multiple attacks in Kenya in 2002,[2] as well as his possible involvement in the 1998 United States embassy bombings, in which over 250 people lost their lives.[3]

In September 2009, he was killed in a raid undertaken by United States Navy SEALs.[4]

Activity[edit]

He became wanted in 2006 by the United States Department of Justice's FBI, "for questioning in connection with the 2002 attacks in Mombasa, Kenya, against a hotel and an airliner." That Kenyan hotel bombing followed the airliner shoot down attempt, in near-simultaneous attacks against two Israeli-owned targets. Nabhan was also wanted in Kenya[5] for those crimes, as well as for his alleged involvement in the 1998 United States embassy bombings. The main suspects in all three cases are affiliated with al Qaeda, which claimed responsibility. For his role in the plot Nabhan became listed on the FBI's third major "wanted" list, the FBI Seeking Information - War on Terrorism list.[2]

On November 28, 2002, an unsuccessful attempt was made to shoot down an Arkia Israel Airlines Boeing 757-chartered tourist plane taking off from Moi International Airport in Mombasa using surface-to-air missiles. No one was hurt on the plane, which landed safely in Tel Aviv. About 20 minutes later, in Mombasa, Kenya, three suicide bombers detonated an SUV in the lobby of the Israeli-owned beachfront Paradise Hotel, killing three Israelis and ten Kenyans, and injuring 80.

US and Israeli officials suspected a Somali group linked to al-Qaeda was responsible for the bombing and speculated that the suspects had smuggled the missiles into Kenya from Somalia.

On February 24, 2006, the FBI added Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan among three names to the Seeking Information – War on Terrorism list.[6] With these three additions, as of February 24, 2006 the total count on the outstanding Seeking Information list stood at ten.

Nabhan might have been protected in Somalia by the Islamic Courts Union prior to their ouster in late 2006.[7] An American air gunship attack near Ras Kamboni on 7 January 2007 targeted al-Qaeda suspects, who might have included Nabhan.[8]

On March 9, 2007 the International Herald Tribune reported that someone connected with the 2002 Mombasa bombing had been apprehended, and speculated that it was Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan.[9] However it turned out to be Abdulmalik Mohammed, who was transferred to Guantanamo about a month later.

On March 2, 2008, a U.S. Navy vessel fired two missiles in an attack on an Al Qaeda training camp in southern Somalia. The attack reportedly targeted Nabhan.[10][11]

Death[edit]

Main article: Baraawe raid

Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan was killed following a raid by Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) forces including U.S. Navy SEALs in four helicopters (including at least two AH-6s)[12] on Monday September 14, 2009.[13] Nabhan was driving south of the capital Mogadishu near Baraawe in a two vehicle convoy when attacked by assault helicopters.[14] The raid, code-named Operation Celestial Balance,[12] took place around 1:00 pm local time, with the helicopters arriving from a ship offshore, firing on the vehicles, and landing briefly to take bodies.[15] President Barack Obama is reported to have signed an "Execute Order" for the operation ten days before the attack was launched.[12] Members of Al-Shabaab were also killed.[16] JSOC and the CIA had been trying to kill Nabhan for some time; an AC-130 Gunship was called in during a January 2007 attempt. An American intelligence source stated that CIA paramilitary teams from Special Activities Division were directly embedded with Ethiopian forces in Somalia, allowing for the tactical intelligence to launch these operations.[17]

Nabhan's body was buried at sea, a practice later repeated with the disposal of Osama bin Laden's corpse.[18]

On February 14, 2010, the MSNBC cable news channel reported that three alternatives were presented to President Barack Obama:[19] (1) assassination via a missile attack from a drone, or other airplane; (2) assassination by fire from helicopters, which could then land for DNA samples, to confirm his identity; and (3) live capture. MSNBC suggested that this killing represents a trend, since remote targeting continues to be more reliable—while locations where captives can be detained without complications have dwindled.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b Seeking Information: Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan, FBI, US Justice Department
  3. ^ "Profile: Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan". BBC News. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  4. ^ "FOXWIRE:Navy Seals Kill Wanted Terrorist in Somali Raid". Fox News. 2009-09-14. 
  5. ^ Kenya Police wanted poster on Salih Nabhan
  6. ^ FBI Updates Most Wanted Terrorists and Seeking Information – War on Terrorism Lists, FBI press release, 24 February 2006
  7. ^ Hunt for Al-Qaeda men in Mogadishu, Times Online, 31 December 2006
  8. ^ Pentagon official: U.S. attacks al Qaeda suspects in Somalia, CNN, 9 January 2007
  9. ^ "Kenyan police arrest key Al Qaeda suspect". International Herald Tribune. 2007-03-09. Retrieved 2008-07-29.  mirror
  10. ^ Notorious Al Qaeda Operative the Target in U.S. Strike in Somalia, Fox News, 3 March 2008
  11. ^ U.S. Forces Fire Missiles Into Somalia at a Kenyan, The New York Times, 4 March 2008
  12. ^ a b c Fishel, Justin (2009-09-14). "FOXWIRE:Navy Seals Kill Wanted Terrorist in Somali Raid". Fox News. Retrieved 2009-09-14. 
  13. ^ "Kenya government sued over Guantanamo Bay detention". BBC News. 2009-12-11. Archived from the original on 2009-12-15. 
  14. ^ Martinez, Luis; Radia, Kirit; Hughes, Dana; Ryan, Jason (2009-09-14). "US Launches Military Strike in Somalia Against al Qaeda Target". ABC News. Retrieved 2009-09-14. 
  15. ^ Gettleman, Jeffrey; Schmitt, Eric (2009-09-14). "U.S. Kills Top Qaeda Leader in Southern Somalia". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-14. 
  16. ^ "Shabab to avenge US raid in Somalia", September 15, 2009, Al-Jazeera
  17. ^ http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/01/us_gunship_fires_on.php
  18. ^ Nicholas Schmidle (2011-08-08). "Getting Bin Laden". The New Yorker. 
  19. ^ Karen DeYoung, Joby Warrick (2010-02-14). "U.S. emphasizes targeted killings over captures: Critics say potential intelligence to combat terrorism is being lost". MSNBC. Archived from the original on 2010-02-14.