Abdul Hadi al Iraqi

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Nashwan Abdulbaqi
AbdulHadiRFJ.jpg
Senior al-Qaeda member
Born 1961 (age 52–53)
Mosul, Iraq
Detained at Guantanamo
Alternate name Abdul Hadi al Iraqi
ISN 10026
Charge(s) CHARGE I: VIOLATION OF 10 U.S.C. § 950t(6), DENYING QUARTER
Status Was previously held in the CIA's black sites

Abdul Hadi al Iraqi (Arabic: عبد الهادي العراقي‎) is the nom de guerre of Nashwan Abdulrazaq Abdulbaqi ( نشوان عبد الرزاق عبد الباقي ), an alleged senior member of al-Qaeda[1][2][3] who is now in US custody at Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba.[4][5][6]

Early life[edit]

An ethnic Kurd, al-Iraqi was born in northern Mosul in 1961.[5] He speaks Arabic, Urdu, Kurdish, the Waziri tribal dialect of Pashtu and a courtly form of Persian.[7] He served in the Iraqi Army and was promoted to a Major.[8] Then he travelled to Afghanistan to repel the Soviet invasion.[9]

Alleged terrorism activities[edit]

According to information about him provided by the Pentagon, Mr Hadi was a key paramilitary commander in Afghanistan during the late 1990s, before taking charge of cross-border attacks against US and coalition troops from 2002 to 2004. He was accused of commanding attacks on coalition forces in Afghanistan, and of involvement in plots to assassinate Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf. Following the American invasion in 2001, he clashed with Ahmed Khadr arguing that front line battle would prove more useful than guerilla tactics around Shagai, Pakistan.[9]

He had been wanted in Iraq since at least February 2005.[10] The most recent U.S. State Department wanted poster[1] said

Abd al-Hadi al-Iraqi is one of Usama bin Laden’s top global deputies, personally chosen by bin Laden to monitor al Qaeda operations in Iraq. Al-Hadi was the former Internal Operations Chief for al Qaeda. He has been associated with numerous attacks in Afghanistan and Pakistan and has been known to facilitate communication between al Qaeda in Iraq and al Qaeda. Al-Hadi rose to the rank of Major in Saddam Hussein’s army before moving to Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet Union. He has a reputation for being a skilled, intelligent, and experienced commander and is an extremely well respected al Qaeda leader. He has commanded numerous terrorist training camps in Afghanistan. Al-Hadi is reportedly still in contact with Usama bin Laden.

The Newsweek article[7] claimed that al Iraqi brokered a 2005 reconciliation between Osama bin Laden and Abu Mussab al-Zarqawi.[7] Newsweek asserted that bin Laden had failed to anticipate the strength of the Iraqi's anti-occupation resistance, and that he dispatched al Iraqi to take charge of establishing an al-Qaeda presence in the resistance. Newsweek asserted that Zarqawi had left a bad impression on his fellow veterans of the struggle to evict the Soviet invaders, and that bin Laden didn't trust him. However, al Iraqi recommended that al Qaeda would be better served by naming Zarqawi the head of al-Qaeda in Iraq than by trying to compete with him for volunteers and establish a parallel effort — explaining the reconciliation.

It was reported in January 2002 that someone with the same pseudonyms Abdul-Hadi al-Iraqi and Abu Abdullah had been captured in Afghanistan.[11] That person was also described as a training camp commander. But despite these coincidences, the two suspects are now known to be distinct people.

Despite the report that Abdul-Hadi spoke several regional languages, several of the charges against Abdul Zahir stem from him serving as a translator for Abdul-Hadi.[12]

A captured letter[13] dated 13 June 2002, and thought to be from Saif al-Adel, mentions an Abd al-Hadi al-Iraqi who is quite senior in al-Qaeda and is at large (probably in Afghanistan) at the time of that writing. The US DoD statement says that Abdul-Hadi "during 2002-04, was in charge of cross-border attacks in Afghanistan" and that prior to his capture he "was trying to return to his native country, Iraq, to manage al-Qai`da's affairs and possibly focus on operations outside Iraq against Western targets".

Capture[edit]

On 27 April 2007 it was reported that Abdul Hadi Al-Iraqi was in custody in Guantanamo Bay.[14] He was previously held by the CIA. The BBC reported that US sources told them Al-Iraqi was arrested "late last year".[15]

On September 6, 2006 US President George W. Bush officially confirmed that the CIA maintained a secret network of offshore interrogation camps, when he announced that fourteen "high value detainees" had been transferred to Guantanamo.[16]

Bush claimed that the transfer of these fourteen men had emptied the CIA's secret interrogation camps.[16] Critics pointed out that Bush had not announced the closure of the camps. The date of Al-Iraqi's capture has not been made known. It is not clear whether Al-Iraqi entered the CIA's network of secret interrogation camps before or after Bush's announcement.

The Department of Defense announced on August 9, 2007 that all fourteen of the "high-value detainees" who had been transferred to Guantanamo from the CIA's black sites, had been officially classified as "enemy combatants".[17] Although judges Peter Brownback and Keith J. Allred had ruled two months earlier that only "illegal enemy combatants" could face military commissions, the Department of Defense waived the qualifier and said that all fourteen men could now face charges before Guantanamo military commissions.[18][19]

Habeas corpus petition[edit]

Al Iraqi has had a writ of habeas corpus filed on his behalf.[20]

Charges[edit]

These common allegations set forth the manner and means by which the accused, Abd al Hadi al-Iraqi ("Abd al Hadi") (see Appendix A for a list of aliases), and his coconspirators participated in a common plan and agreement, and aided, abetted, counseled, commanded, and procured the commission of each of the offenses listed al Charges II though IV. Further, these common allegations set forth the manner and means by which the accused, by virtue of his position as a superior commander, knew, had reason to know, and should have known that a subordinate was about to commit such acts and had done so and the accused failed to take the necessary and reasonable measures to prevent such acts and to punish the perpetrators thereof.

The accused, a person subject to trial by military commission as an alien unprivileged enemy belligerent, did, from in or about 1996 to in or about late 2006, at multiple locations, in the context of and associated with hostilities, knowingly conspire and agree with individuals, known and unknown, to commit substantive offenses triable by military commission for the purpose of, among other purposes, forcing the United States, its allies, and non-Muslims out of the Arabian Peninsula, Afghanistan, and Iraq. To that end, the accused and his co-conspirators committed the following overt acts to accomplish the objectives and purposes of the conspiracy:

CHARGE I: VIOLATION OF 10 U.S.C. § 950t(6), DENYING QUARTER CHARGE II: VIOLATION OF 10 U.S.C. § 950t(4), ATTACKING PROTECTED PROPERTY CHARGE III: VIOLATION OF 10 U.S.C. § 950t(l7), USING TREACHERY OR PERFIDY CHARGE IV: VIOLATION OF 10 U.S.C. § 950t(28), ATTEl\1PTED USE OF TREACHERY OR PERFIDY

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wanted poster on Abdulbaqi, Rewards for Justice Program, US Department of State
  2. ^ Alleged Qaeda Member Faces Tribunal, CBS News, 4 April 2006
  3. ^ Iraqi Government releases ’41 Most Wanted’ list, Multi-National Force - Iraq, 3 July 2006
  4. ^ Defense Department Takes Custody of a High-Value Detainee, United States Department of Defense, 27 April 2007
  5. ^ a b Biographical notes on Guantanamo Bay prisoner Abdul-Hadi al-Iraqi, Office of the Director of National Intelligence (USA)
  6. ^ Man Said to Be Bin Laden Aide Detained by U.S. New York Times 27 April 2007.
  7. ^ a b c Terror Broker, Newsweek, 11 April 2006
  8. ^ O'Neill, Sean; Tim Reid; Michael Evans (28 April 2007). "7/7 ‘mastermind’ is seized in Iraq". London: Times Online. Retrieved 23 April 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Shephard, Michelle, "Guantanamo's Child", 2008.
  10. ^ Press release, United States Central Command, 11 February 2005 Archived 8 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ One of various reports of capture in 2002
  12. ^ Summarized transcripts (.pdf), from Abdul Zahir's Combatant Status Review Tribunal pages 1-8
  13. ^ Al-Adl letter to Mukhtar, English translation by United States Military Academy
  14. ^ "Pentagon: Top al Qaeda leader taken to Guantanamo". CNN. April 27, 2007. Archived from the original on 29 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-27. 
  15. ^ "US holds 'senior al-Qaeda figure'". BBC News Online. 2007-04-27. Archived from the original on 14 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-27. 
  16. ^ a b "Pentagon holds key al Qaida figure in Guantanamo". Xinhua. April 28, 2007. Archived from the original on 9 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-27. 
  17. ^ Lolita C. Baldur (August 9, 2007). "Pentagon: 14 Guantanamo Suspects Are Now Combatants". Time magazine.  mirror
  18. ^ Sergeant Sara Wood (June 4, 2007). "Charges Dismissed Against Canadian at Guantanamo". Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-06-07. 
  19. ^ Sergeant Sara Wood (June 4, 2007). "Judge Dismisses Charges Against Second Guantanamo Detainee". Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-06-07. 
  20. ^ Thomas F. Hogan (2009-02-27). "Guantanamo Bay Detainee Litigation: Doc 1656 -- RESPONDENTS’ STATUS REPORT AND MOTION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME TO FILE FACTUAL RETURNS AND LEGAL JUSTIFICATION". United States Department of Justice. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 

External links[edit]

Charges and Specifications in the case of UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. ABD AL HADI AL-IRAQI (source Miami Herald)