Desi Sangye Gyatso
Desi Sangye Gyatso (1653–1705) was the fifth regent of the 5th Dalai Lama (1617–1682) who founded the School of Medicine and Astrology on Chags-po-ri Hill (or 'Iron Mountain') in 1694 and wrote the Blue Beryl (Blue Sapphire) treatise. The name is sometimes written Sangye Gyamtso.
By some accounts, Sangye Gyatso is believed to be the son of the 5th Dalai Lama. He ruled as regent, hiding the death of the Dalai Lama, while the infant 6th Dalai Lama was growing up, for 16 years. During this period, he oversaw the completion of the Potala palace, and also warded off Chinese politicking. Eventually, the discovery of this deception was not taken kindly by the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty.
He is also known for harboring disdain for Drakpa Gyeltsen. According to Lindsay G. McCune in her thesis (2007) Desi Sangye Gyamtso refers in his Vaidurya Serpo to the Lama as the "pot-bellied official" (nang so grod lhug) and states that, following his death he had an inauspicious rebirth.,
The medical college at Chagpori (lchags po ri; "Iron Mountain") was designed for monastic scholars who would, after learning esoteric arts of medicine and tantrism, mostly remain in the monastery, serving the public as would other monk scholars and lamas. In 1916, Khenrab Norbu, physician to the 13th Dalai Lama, sponsored the construction of a second secular college of Tibetan medicine and Astrology, the Mentsikhang. Mentsikhang was designed as a college for 'laypersons' who would, after receiving training, return to their rural areas for work as doctors and educators.
- Arabic frankincense (Burseraceae) (see on the left, top-left corner);
- Mongolian garlic (see on the left, top-middle);
- Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia) (see on the left, top-right corner);
- Indian embelic myrobalan (Terminalia chebula) (see on the left, bottom-left corner);
- Tibetan ginger (see on the left, bottom-middle);
- South Chinese Kaempferia galanga (see on the left, bottom-right corner);
- The Deer and the Cauldron (鹿鼎記): a wuxia novel by Louis Cha. In the story, Desi Sangye Gyatso became the sworn brothers with the novel's main protagonist Wei Xiaobao and the Mongol Prince Galdan Boshugtu Khan (葛爾丹).
- Tibetan people
- Traditional Chinese medicine
- Traditional Mongolian medicine
- Traditional Tibetan medicine
- Tree of physiology
- Medicine Across Cultures: History and Practice of Medicine in Non-Western Cultures (Science Across Cultures: the History of Non-Western Science) by Hugh Shapiro and H. Selin (2006) p.87
- Healing Powers and Modernity: Traditional Medicine, Shamanism, and Science in Asian Societies by Linda H. Connor and Geoffrey Samuel (2001) p.267
- The Moses Riddle (Treasure Hunter (Bimini Road Publishing)) by Hunt Kingsbury (2004) p.101
- Bryan J. Cuevas, Lhasa in the Seventeenth Century: The Capital of the Dalai Lamas, The Journal of Asian Studies (2004), 63: 1124-1127
- Tales of Intrigue from Tibet's Holy City: The Historical Underpinnings of a Modern Buddhist Crisis Thesis by Lindsay G. McCune The Florida State University College of Arts and Sciences, see page 8 of introduction
- Energetic Healing, Embracing the Life Force by Arnie Lade (1999) p.48
- Gyamtso, S., Klassische Tibetische Medizin (1996) ISBN 978-3-258-05550-3
- Tibetan Medical Paintings: Illustrations to the Blue Beryl Treatise of Sangye Gyamtso (1653-1705 : Plates and Text) by Gyurme Dorje, Yuri Parfionovitch, and Fernand Meyer (1992)
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