Seven Pines

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For other places with the same name, see Seven Pines (disambiguation).
Seven Pines National Cemetery
Panoramic view of Seven Pines Battlefield National Cemetery, Henrico County, Virginia (1912).jpg
Panoramic view of Seven Pines Battlefield National Cemetery in 1912 photo from U.S. Library of Congress Collection
Seven Pines is located in Virginia
Seven Pines
Location 400 E. Williamsburg Rd., Sandston, Virginia
Coordinates 37°31′13″N 77°18′7″W / 37.52028°N 77.30194°W / 37.52028; -77.30194Coordinates: 37°31′13″N 77°18′7″W / 37.52028°N 77.30194°W / 37.52028; -77.30194
Area 1.9 acres (0.77 ha)
Built 1866
Architectural style Second Empire
Governing body Federal
MPS Civil War Era National Cemeteries MPS
NRHP Reference # 95001182[1]
VLR # 043-0755
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 26, 1995
Designated VLR August 28, 1995[2]

Seven Pines (and the Seven Pines National Cemetery) are located in the unincorporated town of Sandston in Henrico County, Virginia. Cemetery records state the name is derived from for a group of seven pine trees planted within the national cemetery in 1869 near the intersection of the old Williamsburg-Richmond Stage Road and the Nine Mile Road, however, the name "Seven Pines" pre-dates the establishment of the cemetery. Earlier maps and records, especially those from the American Civil War, commonly refer to the location as "Seven Pines." Today, the surrounding area is still referred to as "Seven Pines" although the local township is Sandston.

During the Civil War, several major battles of the Peninsula Campaign in 1862 took place nearby, including the Seven Pines (as named in Confederate records; the name in Federal records was Fair Oaks), and the smaller engagements of Oak Grove, Golding's Farm, Allen's Farm, Savage's Station, and White Oak Swamp. The National Cemetery was established in 1866. Most of the interments are of Federal (Union) soldiers that were originally hastily buried on the Seven Pines battlefield in makeshift graves. The cemetery's 1.9 acres (0.77 ha) are located near the center of General George B. McClellan's second and main defense line of the May 31, 1862. To help facilitate visitation, an electric street railway was built to the site by a company formed in 1888. The railway has long since been removed and most visitors now park in the cemetery's driveway next to the caretaker's lodge.

Seven Pines National Cemetery was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Seven Pines National Cemetery National Register Nomination". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 13 September 2011. 

External links[edit]